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External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa

External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

MOST OF THE RECENT discussion of external debt problems of developing countries has centered on middle-income countries, particularly those in Latin America. Apart f...

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter summarizes the corrective tax estimates for coal, natural gas, and motor fuels based on the assumptions discussed in previous chapters, both for selected countries and,...

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on valuing climate change damage from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The heart of the chapter is about measuring damage fr...

IV Microeconomic Reforms

IV Microeconomic Reforms »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

In the 1960s the end of the reign of the imam in the north of Yemen brought about the establishment of a republic, which took first steps toward introducing a modern, market-oriented commercial...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

APPENDIX VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 2001

APPENDIX VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 2001 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

Director Alternate Casting Votes of Votes byCount...

9. The Importance of the GCC for the Wider Region

9. The Importance of the GCC for the Wider Region »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

9.1 Economic Openness and Spillovers The book thus far has analyzed the GCC macroeconomic stabilization and longer-term structural challenges. The importance of researching the GCC c...

II Convertibility of Currencies for Current International Payments and Transfers

II Convertibility of Currencies for Current International Payments and Transfers »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

Developments in the convertibility of members’ currencies for current payments and transfers over the period 1993–97 have clearly been toward more liberal exchange systems for payments and transfers for curr...

7 What Next for African Parastatal Enterprises?

7 What Next for African Parastatal Enterprises? »

Source: Deepening Structural Reform in Africa : Lessons from East Asia

Series: Books

Author(s): Laura Wallace

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756343

Keywords: structural adjustment, foreign exchange, banking, privatization, central bank

In contrast to the rest of the world, where the economic and financial weight of parastatal corporations is declining, parastatals in Africa still account for a large amount of economic activity (as measured...

Stastical Appendix

Stastical Appendix »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

Table A1. Restrictions Maintained by Countries with Article XIV Status, 1997 1...