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Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Brazil : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2001/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451805901

Keywords: interest, deficit, debt, interest payments, budget

This paper analyzes several issues regarding fiscal sustainability and fiscal adjustment in Brazil during 1990 and searches for econometric evidence of a monetary dominant regime during some subperiods. The followi...

Stochastic Volatilities and Correlations, Extreme Values and Modeling the Macroeconomic Environment, Under Which Brazilian Banks Operate

Stochastic Volatilities and Correlations, Extreme Values and Modeling the Macroeconomic Environment, Under Which Brazilian Banks Operate »

Source: Stochastic Volatilities and Correlations, Extreme Values and Modeling the Macroeconomic Environment, Under Which Brazilian Banks Operate

Volume/Issue: 2007/290

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Souto , and Theodore Barnhill

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868531

Keywords: stochastic volatility, fat-tail distributions, Monte Carlo estimation, covariances, time series, probability, probabilities, multivariate stochastic volatility,

Using monthly data for a set of variables, we examine the out-of-sample performance of various variance/covariance models and find that no model has consistently outperformed the others. We also show that it is pos...

Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty?

Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1973

Volume/Issue: 10/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1973

ISBN: 9781616353124

Keywords: economic development, temperate zone, soils, tropical soils, tropical areas

This paper reviews the influence of the tropical climate on economic development. The paper highlights that the effect of climate is clearly not the only ruling constraint on economic development. It is claimed tha...

Taxation in Latin America

Taxation in Latin America »

Source: Taxation in Latin America : Structural Trends and Impact of Administration

Volume/Issue: 1999/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1999

ISBN: 9781451843729

Keywords: Latin America, taxation trends, tax administration, tax structure, taxation, personal income tax

From the mid-1980s to early 1990s, Latin American tax policy provided rich lessons for other reforming countries. Meaningful innovations led also to perceptible revenue gains. Later in the 1990s, tax policies began...

Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Domestic Prices

Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Domestic Prices »

Source: Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Domestic Prices : Does the Inflationary Environment Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2001/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , and Ehsan Choudhri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451859867

Keywords: Pass-through, exchange rate, inflation rate, average inflation, average inflation rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The paper tests a hypothesis suggested by Taylor (2000) that a low inflationary environment leads to a low exchange rate pass-through to domestic prices. To test this hypothesis, the paper derives a pass-through re...

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution »

Source: How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution : The Cross-Country Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1997/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Sarel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

ISBN: 9781451922714

Keywords: income distribution, macroeconomic factors, terms of trade, external position, income distribution data, distribution of income

This study develops a cross-section empirical framework to examine the relationship between the macroeconomic environment and trends in income distribution. The macroeconomic variables that are found to be associat...

Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard

Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard »

Source: Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard : Are Collective Action Clauses Costly?

Volume/Issue: 2001/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torbjorn Becker , Anthony Richards , and Yunyong Thaicharoen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451851595

Keywords: Bond restructuring, contract design, law, bonds, bond, bondholders, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Many official groups have endorsed the wider use by emerging market borrowers of contract clauses which allow for a qualified majority of bondholders to restructure repayment terms in the event of financial distres...

Appendix VIII. Changes in Membership of the Executive Board

Appendix VIII. Changes in Membership of the Executive Board »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451945232

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt

Changes in membership of the Executive Board between May 1, 1998 and April 30, 1999 were as follows: Han Mingzhi (China) relinquished his duties as Alternate Executive Director to Zhang Zhixiang (Ch...

Appendix V. External Relations

Appendix V. External Relations »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451945232

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt

In 1998/99, the IMF continued to respond to rising demands for transparency in its activities and policies by stepping up considerably its publication of information—both in print and on its website—and libe...

CHAPTER 1 Resolving the Crisis Legacy and Meeting New Challenges to Financial Stability

CHAPTER 1 Resolving the Crisis Legacy and Meeting New Challenges to Financial Stability »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2010 : Meeting New Challenges to Stability and Building a Safer System

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2010

ISBN: 9781589069169

Keywords: loans, capital inflows, interest, debt, financial stability

A. How Has Global Financial Stability Changed? The health of the global financial system has improved since the October 2009 Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR),...