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6 Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Trade

6 Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Trade »

Source: Structural Change in Japan : Macroeconomic Impact and Policy Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Guy Meredith , and Bijan Aghevli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 1998

ISBN: 9781557756961

Keywords: fdi, exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, real exchange rate

The debate about the impact of Japan’s foreign direct investment (FDI) has largely focused on whether the economy is “hollowing out.” The surge in outward Japanese FDI over the last decade, together with the...

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In the last two decades, public sector debt has shown a rising trend in relation to GDP in a wide range of countries, both federal and unitary. These increases have reflected high levels of real interest rat...

6 Operating Environment

6 Operating Environment »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

The analysis and case studies that have been presented in Chapter 5 make a compelling case that a sound banking sector is critical for macroeconomic stability. The effects of system...

5 Macroeconomic Consequences of an Unsound Banking System

5 Macroeconomic Consequences of an Unsound Banking System »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

A banking system that is in distress can distort allocative efficiency and macroeconomic policy implementation, even though it can continue to function as long as it remains liquid....

8 Tax Treatment of Loan Losses of Banks

8 Tax Treatment of Loan Losses of Banks »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

This paper focuses on the tax treatment of loan losses of banks and other regulated credit institutions under the corporate income tax. This issue has been prominent in recent debates on the tax treatment of...

18 The Supervisory Role of the Central Bank

18 The Supervisory Role of the Central Bank »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

It is quite naturally assumed nowadays that responsibility for monetary policy devolves upon the central bank. The question of who should be responsible for banking supervision, however, is much more controv...

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Economic theory offers limited guidance for assigning expenditure responsibilities among different levels of government. At the micro level, the benefit principle suggests that a given service should be prov...

3 Tax Assignment

3 Tax Assignment »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

A key issue in the literature on fiscal federalism is the question of how subnational authorities might best be financed. This complex issue has no easy solutions, given the wide variety of systems actually...

7 Internal Governance

7 Internal Governance »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

The primary responsibility for keeping individual banks sound lies with each bank’s owners, directors, and managers. Together they must establish a framework of internal controls an...

8 External Governance: Market Discipline

8 External Governance: Market Discipline »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

When internal governance fails to ensure the soundness of banks, private and public sector creditors of banks must themselves strive to ensure that their interests are not jeopardiz...