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How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

D. Increase in Quotas of Fund Members—Eleventh General Review

D. Increase in Quotas of Fund Members—Eleventh General Review »

Source: Selected Decisions and Selected Documents of the International Monetary Fund

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063358

Keywords: payments, debt, obligations, purchases, credit

Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors 1. Article III, Section 2(a) of the Articles of Agreement provides that “The Board of Governors shall, at interva...

B. United Nations Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies and Annex V1

B. United Nations Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies and Annex V1 »

Source: Selected Decisions and Selected Documents of the International Monetary Fund

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063358

Keywords: payments, debt, obligations, purchases, credit

Whereas the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted on 13 February 1946 a resolution contemplating the unification as far as possible of the privileges and immunities enjoyed...

Selected Documents Relating to the Fund, the United Nations, and Other International Organizations

Selected Documents Relating to the Fund, the United Nations, and Other International Organizations »

Source: Selected Decisions and Selected Documents of the International Monetary Fund

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2005

ISBN: 9781589064348

Keywords: payments, debt, obligations, balance of payments, interest

A. Agreement Between the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund 1 Article I...

Article VII

Article VII »

Source: Selected Decisions and Selected Documents of the International Monetary Fund

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2005

ISBN: 9781589064348

Keywords: payments, debt, obligations, balance of payments, interest

Borrowing General Arrangements to Borrow Preamble In order to enable the International Monetary Fu...

Article VII Borrowing

Article VII Borrowing »

Source: Selected Decisions and Selected Documents of the International Monetary Fund

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063358

Keywords: payments, debt, obligations, purchases, credit

General Arrangements to Borrow Preamble In order to enable the International Monetary Fund to fulfill more effectively its role in the int...

7. Nonperforming Loans and Financial Stability

7. Nonperforming Loans and Financial Stability »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

7.1 Introduction The global crisis exposed the vulnerabilities of the banks in the GCC countries to varying degrees. The favorable macroeconomic environment in the years preceding th...

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

8.1 Introduction As the global economic crisis took hold, the GCC countries’ financial systems found themselves affected through contagion despite the relatively low direct exposure...

2. The Determinants of Long-Term Growth in the GCC Countries

2. The Determinants of Long-Term Growth in the GCC Countries »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

2.1 Introduction The member countries of the GCC have changed considerably over the last thirty years. The fast development of the region has spurred the creation of new cities, the...