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From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

II. Implications of Fiscal Developments for Government Debt Markets

II. Implications of Fiscal Developments for Government Debt Markets »

Source: Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

A. Financing Needs 13. Government financing needs remain exceptionally high in most advanced economies. This year, aggregate gross financing needs—defined as the new overall borrowin...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper seeks to identify policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging countries in the wake of the global financial crisis. Issues related to the size and timing of f...

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In the last two decades, public sector debt has shown a rising trend in relation to GDP in a wide range of countries, both federal and unitary. These increases have reflected high levels of real interest rat...

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Expenditure Reform: Key Principles Expenditure reforms should be guided by two objectives: Improving the efficien...

III. The Fiscal Policy Outlook: Adjustment Needs and Plans

III. The Fiscal Policy Outlook: Adjustment Needs and Plans »

Source: Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

21. Major fiscal consolidation will be needed over the years ahead. The increase in budget deficits played a key role in staving off an economic catastrophe. As economic conditions improve, the attention of...

III Fostering Job Creation, Growth, and Price Stability in Industrial Countries

III Fostering Job Creation, Growth, and Price Stability in Industrial Countries »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

The ratcheting up of unemployment in most industrial countries during the past two decades is reminiscent of the ratcheting up of inflation during the 1960s and the 1970s. By the end of the 1970s, inflation...

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Economic theory offers limited guidance for assigning expenditure responsibilities among different levels of government. At the micro level, the benefit principle suggests that a given service should be prov...

3 Tax Assignment

3 Tax Assignment »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

A key issue in the literature on fiscal federalism is the question of how subnational authorities might best be financed. This complex issue has no easy solutions, given the wide variety of systems actually...

I. The Near- and Medium-Term Fiscal Outlook.

I. The Near- and Medium-Term Fiscal Outlook. »

Source: Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

A. Outlook for 2010. 1. While global activity is rebounding faster than projected earlier, the fiscal outlook is not improving commensurately. The overall fiscal deficit for the worl...