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The Baltic Countries
			: Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061040.084

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Ten years after regaining independence, the Baltic Countries--Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania--are expected to be invited to join the European Union (EU) and NATO in 2004. This paper provides a macroeconomic perspec...

World Economic Outlook, April 2007
			: Spillovers and Cycles in the Global Economy

World Economic Outlook, April 2007 : Spillovers and Cycles in the Global Economy »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2007

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066298.081

ISBN: 9781589066298

Keywords: current account, external financing, exchange rate, current account balance, balance of payments, labor share, labor compensation, oil prices, current account deficit, net debtor

The IMF's World Economic Outlook is packed with country specific facts, figures, and worldwide projections that present the outlook for growth, inflation, trade, and other economic developments in a clear, practica...

World Economic Outlook, April 2007
			: Spillovers and Cycles in the Global Economy

World Economic Outlook, April 2007 : Spillovers and Cycles in the Global Economy »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2007

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504944405.081

ISBN: 9787504944405

Keywords: current account, external financing, exchange rate, current account balance, balance of payments, labor share, labor compensation, oil prices, current account deficit, net debtor

The IMF’s World Economic Outlook is packed with country specific facts, figures, and worldwide projections that present the outlook for growth, inflation, trade, and other economic developments in a clear, p...

The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration

The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration »

Source: The Caribbean : Enhancing Economic Integration

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Sanjaya Panth , Paul Cashin , and W. Bauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067936

Keywords: tax incentives, fdi, preference erosion, trade preferences, exporting countries

The Caribbean has made substantial progress in recent years in implementing economic reforms, both at the national and regional level. The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration examines the product of the effor...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Impact of the European Community's internal Market on the EFTA : Occa Paper No.74

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1990

ISBN: 9781557751744

The member states of the European Community (EC) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) have a special relationship based on geographic proximity, a shared history, common values and—as many see it—a...

X Tax Harmonization

X Tax Harmonization »

Source: The Impact of the European Community's internal Market on the EFTA : Occa Paper No.74

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1990

ISBN: 9781557751744

With the implementation of free mobility of commodities and factor inputs, the EC Commission has stressed the need for tax harmonization. The Commission has given top priority to harmonizing indirect taxes,...