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Why Inflation Targeting?

Why Inflation Targeting? »

Source: Why Inflation Targeting?

Volume/Issue: 2009/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Freedman , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872330

Keywords: rate of inflation, central bank

This is the second chapter of a forthcoming monograph entitled "On Implementing Full-Fledged Inflation-Targeting Regimes: Saying What You Do and Doing What You Say." We begin by discussing the costs of inflation, i...

Taxation in Latin America

Taxation in Latin America »

Source: Taxation in Latin America : Structural Trends and Impact of Administration

Volume/Issue: 1999/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1999

ISBN: 9781451843729

Keywords: Latin America, taxation trends, tax administration, tax structure, taxation, personal income tax

From the mid-1980s to early 1990s, Latin American tax policy provided rich lessons for other reforming countries. Meaningful innovations led also to perceptible revenue gains. Later in the 1990s, tax policies began...

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks »

Source: Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks : How and Why Do Countries Differ?

Volume/Issue: 2012/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510249

Keywords: pass-through, Phillips curve, central bank, inflationary impact, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

This paper relates the inflationary impact of commodity price shocks across countries to a broad range of structural characteristics and policy frameworks over the period 2001-2010, using several approaches. The an...

VIII Export Specialization and Economic Growth

VIII Export Specialization and Economic Growth »

Source: Chile : Institutions and Policies Underpinning Stability and Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eliot Kalter , Steven Phillips , Manmohan Singh , Mauricio Villafuerte , Rodolfo Luzio , and Marco Espinosa-Vega

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2004

ISBN: 9781589063259

Keywords: Economic growth, central bank, inflation, capital markets, banking, external debt

Claims in the recent economic literature that natural resource-based exports have a negative impact on long-term economic growth have raised some concerns about the structure and evolution of Chile’s exports...

CHAPTER 3 Primary Commodities: Historical Perspectives and Prospects

CHAPTER 3 Primary Commodities: Historical Perspectives and Prospects »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

This chapter is intended to provide a historical framework for the analysis of national commodity export dependence. It is organized into four sections, each treating one of four th...

Chapter 10 Sovereign Wealth Fund Investment Strategies: Complementing Central Bank Investment Strategies

Chapter 10 Sovereign Wealth Fund Investment Strategies: Complementing Central Bank Investment Strategies »

Source: Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Adnan Mazarei , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2010

ISBN: 9781589069275

Keywords: investors, bonds, investment strategies, principals, financial markets

The global financial crisis has two relatively obvious implications for sovereign wealth funds (SWFs). Not only will the compression in global imbalances depress the future growth trajectories of assets unde...

6 Operating Environment

6 Operating Environment »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

The analysis and case studies that have been presented in Chapter 5 make a compelling case that a sound banking sector is critical for macroeconomic stability. The effects of system...

5 Macroeconomic Consequences of an Unsound Banking System

5 Macroeconomic Consequences of an Unsound Banking System »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

A banking system that is in distress can distort allocative efficiency and macroeconomic policy implementation, even though it can continue to function as long as it remains liquid....

4 Macroeconomic Causes of Bank Unsoundness

4 Macroeconomic Causes of Bank Unsoundness »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

The linkage between macroeconomic policy and microeconomic structures and policies runs in both directions: microeconomic structures affect macroeconomic performance, and macroecono...

Chapter 5. How Should Emerging Market and Low-Income Country Central Banks Respond to Commodity Price Shocks?

Chapter 5. How Should Emerging Market and Low-Income Country Central Banks Respond to Commodity Price Shocks? »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Over the last two decades, inflation targeting (IT)—in either an explicit or an implicit form—has become the monetary policy framework of choice for most advanced econom...