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Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Indonesia

Indonesia »

Source: Indonesia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1995/83

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451818185

Keywords: bank indonesia, banking, foreign exchange, domestic demand, balance of payments

This paper reviews economic developments in Indonesia during the 1990s. The adjustment effort during 1991/92-1992/93 was marked by a tightening of monetary policy, and measures were also taken to curb new external...

Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia

Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia »

Source: Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia : Strengthening the Incentives for Market-Based Approach to Debt Resolution

Volume/Issue: 2011/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magnus Saxegaard , Michaela Erbenova , and Yan Liu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

ISBN: 9781455226030

Keywords: insolvency law, debt, restructuring, insolvency, loans, Other Substantive Areas of Law: General,

This paper reviews Latvia's efforts to manage the increase in debt distress resulting from the unwinding of the 2000-07 credit boom and spillovers from the global financial crisis. The authorities have designed a s...

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1 »

Source: International Trade and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451847512

Keywords: trade reform, effects of trade liberalization, trade reforms, Welfare and Poverty: General,

Empirical studies suggest that trade reform has a positive effect on employment and income for the poor; however, there are winners and losers. If the transitional costs of trade liberalization fall disproportionat...

Chapter 7 Precarious Credit Equilibria: Reflections on the Asian Financial Crisis

Chapter 7 Precarious Credit Equilibria: Reflections on the Asian Financial Crisis »

Source: Asian Financial crises : Origins, implications and solutions

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451965476

Keywords: banking, debt, loans, interest, creditors

1. INTRODUCTION This paper examines some of the origins of the current East Asian financial crisis. Its focus is on the role of moral hazard and the weakness of prudential regulation...

Chapter 25 Improving Transparency in Asian Banking Systems

Chapter 25 Improving Transparency in Asian Banking Systems »

Source: Asian Financial crises : Origins, implications and solutions

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451965476

Keywords: banking, debt, loans, interest, creditors

1. INTRODUCTION There is a perception that credit ratings are driven by financial accounting inputs and that ratings map into well-established ratios or other performance measures. T...

2 Loan Review, Provisioning, and Macroeconomic Linkages

2 Loan Review, Provisioning, and Macroeconomic Linkages »

Source: Building Strong Banks Through Surveillance and Resolution

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Dewitt Marston , and Michael Taylor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589060432

Keywords: banking, loans, restructuring, debt, asset management

Recent banking crises have highlighted the importance of macro-prudential indicators as a basis to assess financial stability. Of particular concern are indicators s...

11 Recapitalizing Banks with Public Funds: Selected Issues

11 Recapitalizing Banks with Public Funds: Selected Issues »

Source: Building Strong Banks Through Surveillance and Resolution

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Dewitt Marston , and Michael Taylor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589060432

Keywords: banking, loans, restructuring, debt, asset management

Recapitalizing banks in a systemic crisis is a complex medium-term process that requires significant government intervention and careful management at both the strat...

10. Two Approaches to Resolving Nonperforming Assets During Financial Crises

10. Two Approaches to Resolving Nonperforming Assets During Financial Crises »

Source: Building Strong Banks Through Surveillance and Resolution

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Dewitt Marston , and Michael Taylor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589060432

Keywords: banking, loans, restructuring, debt, asset management

The unprecedented rise in nonperforming financial assets during the recent Asian financial crisis severely tested the limit and the capacity of the existing asset ma...

5 Emergency Liquidity Support Facilities

5 Emergency Liquidity Support Facilities »

Source: Building Strong Banks Through Surveillance and Resolution

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Dewitt Marston , and Michael Taylor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589060432

Keywords: banking, loans, restructuring, debt, asset management

This chapter discusses the operational aspects of emergency liquidity support by central banks to individual institutions under stress. 1...