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4 Trade Policies in Industrial Countries and Their Impact on Arab Countries

4 Trade Policies in Industrial Countries and Their Impact on Arab Countries »

Source: Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557753052

Keywords: trade liberalization, exporters, tariff structure, nontariff barriers, foreign trade

Margaret R. Kelly and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow I. Introduction The trade and trade-related policies of industrial countries mainly aff...

7 Intra-Arab Trade: Determinants and Prospects for Expansion

7 Intra-Arab Trade: Determinants and Prospects for Expansion »

Source: Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557753052

Keywords: trade liberalization, exporters, tariff structure, nontariff barriers, foreign trade

Jamal Eddine Zarrouk 1 Introduction The promotion of trade among Arab countries has l...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...