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Russia

Russia »

Source: Russia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1997/63

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451832969

Keywords: credit, payments, prices, commercial banks, investors, Russian,

This paper describes economic developments in the Russian Federation during 1995-96. It reviews trends in the domestic economy. It describes developments in the public finances, monetary policy, financial sector, a...

Bulgaria: Selected Issues

Bulgaria: Selected Issues »

Source: Bulgaria : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/390

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451804584

Keywords: investment, capital goods, fdi, domestic investment, investments

This Selected Issues paper on Bulgaria investigates possible driving forces behind the investment boom based on cross-country evidence. The diagnosis of the drivers behind the investment boom is important as it is...

2 Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

2 Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. The Growth of Corruption In recent years, and especially in the 1990s, a phenomenon broadly referred to as corruption has attracted a great deal of attention. In countries develop...

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In the last two decades, public sector debt has shown a rising trend in relation to GDP in a wide range of countries, both federal and unitary. These increases have reflected high levels of real interest rat...

5 Tax Administration

5 Tax Administration »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In many developing countries efficient or equitable tax policies may fail because the tax administration is not able to implement these policies (Casanegra de Jantscher, 1986). Consideration of the tax admin...

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Economic theory offers limited guidance for assigning expenditure responsibilities among different levels of government. At the micro level, the benefit principle suggests that a given service should be prov...

3 Tax Assignment

3 Tax Assignment »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

A key issue in the literature on fiscal federalism is the question of how subnational authorities might best be financed. This complex issue has no easy solutions, given the wide variety of systems actually...

III. Sectoral and Employment Effects of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe

III. Sectoral and Employment Effects of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

Introduction “Policy makers will face great pressure to subsidize, or failing that, to protect the manufacturing sectors under threat. It would be a critical mistake to yield to this...

4 Intergovernmental Transfers

4 Intergovernmental Transfers »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

The revenue and expenditure assignments discussed in the preceding chapters normally give rise to vertical and horizontal imbalances within a nation’s intergovernmental finances. A vertical imbalance occurs...

CHAPTER 14 Long-Term Fiscal Developments and IMF Conditionality: Is There a Link?

CHAPTER 14 Long-Term Fiscal Developments and IMF Conditionality: Is There a Link? »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction What determines the composition of fiscal adjustment, and does it differ between countries with IMF-supported programs and those without such arrangements? Moreover, how...