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Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation

Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation »

Source: Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2002/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854732

Keywords: Cross-border shopping, taxation, tax competition, tax rates, tax policy, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This paper reviews issues and evidence concerning tax-motivated, cross-border commodity transactions. A distinction is drawn between "arbitrage trades" (driven by cross-country differences in tax rates) and "tax no...

IMF Completes Fifth Review Under the Extended Arrangement with Ireland and Approves €3.2 Billion Disbursement

IMF Completes Fifth Review Under the Extended Arrangement with Ireland and Approves €3.2 Billion Disbursement »

Source: Ireland : Fifth Review Under the Extended Arrangement: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion.

Volume/Issue: 2012/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2012

ISBN: 9781463935818

Keywords: central bank, external debt, government debt, fiscal consolidation, government deficit

The staff report for Ireland's fifth review under the Extended Arrangement states that financial sector reforms continued to advance, with the two structural benchmarks for end-2011 observed. In particular, target...

Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options

Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options »

Source: Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options

Volume/Issue: 2018/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Kelley Kizzier , and Tristan Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484374559

Keywords: Maritime emissions, climate mitigation, carbon tax, revenue-neutral feebate, design issues, spreadsheet model, International Marime Organization, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) announced in April 2018 a target of cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the sector by 50 percent below 2008 levels by 2050 and subsequent meetings of the IMO wi...

Ireland

Ireland »

Source: Ireland : Fifth Review Under the Extended Arrangement: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion.

Volume/Issue: 2012/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2012

ISBN: 9781463935818

Keywords: central bank, external debt, government debt, fiscal consolidation, government deficit

The staff report for Ireland's fifth review under the Extended Arrangement states that financial sector reforms continued to advance, with the two structural benchmarks for end-2011 observed. In particular, target...

Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines

Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines »

Source: Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines : A Comparison With Neighboring Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm , Dennis Botman , and Reza Baqir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870657

Keywords: Effective tax rates, South-East Asia, Tax holidays, tax rates, tax incentives, tax rate, taxation,

We compare the general tax provisions and investment incentives in the Philippines to six other east-Asian economies-Malaysia, Indonesia, Lao, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand. We calculate effective tax rates and f...

Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges

Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges »

Source: Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2008/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Dalsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869149

Keywords: Structural reform, marginal effective tax rates, flat tax, tax rates, taxation, effective tax rates, tax credits, personal income tax,

The paper provides an analysis and discussion of key structural implications of the 2007 and 2008 welfare and tax reforms in the Czech Republic. Based on a detailed micro-study of marginal and average effective tax...

Fiscal Policy Management in an Open Capital Regime

Fiscal Policy Management in an Open Capital Regime »

Source: Fiscal Policy Management in an Open Capital Regime

Volume/Issue: 1997/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1997

ISBN: 9781451922158

Keywords: globalization, capital flows, capital inflows, fiscal position, fiscal stance

This paper argues that as countries open their capital regimes, the appropriate fiscal stance should become more conservative than when capital is immobile. Further fiscal adjustment may be necessary in the face of...

Austria: 2012 Article IV Consultation

Austria: 2012 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Austria : 2012 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Informational Annex; Statement by the Staff Representative; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Austria

Volume/Issue: 2012/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506778

Keywords: retirement, pension, early retirement, health care, retirement age

Austria has relatively strong macroeconomic fundamentals, but also deep ties with the rest of the euro area. The legacy of an overly ambitious eastward financial sector expansion has created substantial challenges...

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter? »

Source: Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2011/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Weber , and Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902315

Keywords: coordinated fiscal exit, fiscal changes, fiscal consolidation, fiscal measure, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook, general Aggregative Models,

The paper assesses the impact of fiscal spillovers on growth in the context of a coordinated exit from crisis management policies. We find that despite potentially sizeable domestic effects from consolidation, aggr...