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Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation

Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation »

Source: Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2002/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854732

Keywords: Cross-border shopping, taxation, tax competition, tax rates, tax policy, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This paper reviews issues and evidence concerning tax-motivated, cross-border commodity transactions. A distinction is drawn between "arbitrage trades" (driven by cross-country differences in tax rates) and "tax no...

Iceland

Iceland »

Source: Iceland : Improving the Equity and Revenue Productivity of the Icelandic Tax System

Volume/Issue: 2010/213

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455207947

Keywords: interest, taxes, debt, tax system, tax systems

The Icelandic government has launched a review of the tax system, with a view to improving its income redistribution, growth orientation, and efficiency features, as well as increasing its revenue mobilization pote...

Iceland

Iceland »

Source: Iceland : Advancing Tax Reform and the Taxation of Natural Resources

Volume/Issue: 2011/138

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455272518

Keywords: taxes, interest, debt, property tax, payments

This study focused on environmental tax measures, and on allocation, pricing, and taxation of Iceland's major hydropower and geothermal resources. Measures to secure the tax base for the corporate income tax (CIT)...

Belgium: Selected Issues

Belgium: Selected Issues »

Source: Belgium : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2003/50

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451803181

Keywords: local governments, revenues, debt, fiscal decentralization, budget

This Selected Issues paper analyzes fiscal devolution in Belgium. It examines long-term fiscal strategies for meeting the fiscal burden of population aging. The paper presents estimates of the fiscal costs of popul...

Belgium: Selected Issues

Belgium: Selected Issues »

Source: Belgium : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2003/50

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451803181

Keywords: local governments, revenues, debt, fiscal decentralization, budget

This Selected Issues paper analyzes fiscal devolution in Belgium. It examines long-term fiscal strategies for meeting the fiscal burden of population aging. The paper presents estimates of the fiscal costs of popul...

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Netherlands: Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Netherlands: Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands : Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2001/94

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2001

ISBN: 9781451829358

Keywords: tax rates, tax reform, financial sector, taxes, tax cuts

The strong output growth and labor market performance of recent years reflect both supply-side and demand-side factors. Fiscal restraint has a crucial role to play in containing the risk of further overheating, as...

Czech Republic

Czech Republic »

Source: Czech Republic : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/40

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451810271

Keywords: tax rate, income tax, personal income tax, corporate income tax

This paper reviews the fiscal reform of the Czech Republic, its key reform measures, and structural implications. The study also focuses on key challenges and demographic pressures facing the Czech economy, and des...

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Netherlands: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Netherlands: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2000/73

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451829341

Keywords: budget, article, interest, debt, monetary conditions

The Netherlands showed strong growth and employment performance owing to its fiscal consolidation and structural reforms. Executive Directors commended the sound macroeconomic and structural policies, which have ra...

Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution

Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution »

Source: Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution : Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 2000/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842999

Keywords: Environmental taxes, tradable permits, emission, pollution, emission tax, emission taxes

This paper examines the relative merits of two dominant economic instruments for reducing pollution—”green” taxes and tradable permits. Theoretically, the two instruments share many similaritie...