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19 Loan Loss Recoveries and Debt Resolution Agencies: The Swedish Experience

19 Loan Loss Recoveries and Debt Resolution Agencies: The Swedish Experience »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

There are many different causes behind bank failures, with losses in the credit portfolio being only one, albeit an important one. The theme for this paper is based on bank problems emanating from substantia...

10 Monetary Policy in a Deflationary Environment

10 Monetary Policy in a Deflationary Environment »

Source: Japan's Lost Decade : Policies for Economic Revival

Series: Books

Author(s): Tim Callen , and Jonathan Ostry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2003

ISBN: 9781589061873

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, bank of japan, pension, banking

Japan’s lengthy economic stagnation and persistent deflation continue to generate lively discussions in academia and policy circles. To the extent that price developments are considered a monetary phenomenon...

5 Budget Laws, Control, Review, and Management in China

5 Budget Laws, Control, Review, and Management in China »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

The development of a framework of budget laws in China is important in clarifying and managing the financial resources of the government and is crucial in establishi...

1. Carbon Taxes as Part of the Fiscal Solution

1. Carbon Taxes as Part of the Fiscal Solution »

Source: Implementing a US Carbon Tax : Challenges and Debates

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2015

ISBN: 9781138825369

Keywords: carbon, emissions, carbon tax, tax, transportation

Key Messages for Policymakers The United States faces substantial and unsustainable medium- and long-term budget deficits, which will require a com...

16. The Design of Macroeconomic Policy in the World Economy

16. The Design of Macroeconomic Policy in the World Economy »

Source: International Financial Policy : Essays in honor of Jacques J. Polak

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557751966

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, current account, exchange rates, inflation

I. Introduction and Background Dissatisfaction with the macroeconomic performance of the world economy, particularly from the early 1970s, has been the catalyst for a great variety o...

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

The main objectives of this paper are to analyze the changing composition of China’s trade within the context of the reform of the Chinese economy and to discuss its...

Publications of the Fund

Publications of the Fund »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

The following is a complete listing of the reports, documents, books, periodicals, pamphlets, and leaflets that have been made available to the general public from t...

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

The Fund is required at intervals of five years to review the quotas of members and to propose any adjustments that it believes to be desirable. No changes were proposed in the course of the fir...

16 Horizontal Equalization Grants

16 Horizontal Equalization Grants »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Chapter 16 provides a broadly based rationale for the creation of a system of grants. This chapter concentrates on just one aspect of such a grant...

CHAPTER 6 Determinants of China’s Private Consumption: An International Perspective

CHAPTER 6 Determinants of China’s Private Consumption: An International Perspective »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

INTRODUCTION China’s private consumption as a share of GDP has declined from around 55 percent in the early 1980s to around 37 percent in 2008. The decline in a country’s share of pr...