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External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa

External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

MOST OF THE RECENT discussion of external debt problems of developing countries has centered on middle-income countries, particularly those in Latin America. Apart f...

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

The Fund is required at intervals of five years to review the quotas of members and to propose any adjustments that it believes to be desirable. No changes were proposed in the course of the fir...

11 Are Export Duties Optimal in Developing Countries? Some Supply-Side Considerations

11 Are Export Duties Optimal in Developing Countries? Some Supply-Side Considerations »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

Export duties play an important role in the revenue structures of developing countries. For these countries, export duties are a useful tool for raising revenue, since compared with their enormous financing...

3 The Privatization of Public Enterprises

3 The Privatization of Public Enterprises »

Source: Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, December 5-7, 1988

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750426

Keywords: public enterprises, joint ventures, public enterprise, public sector

The objectives of this paper are to review the importance and performance, in both financial and efficiency terms, of public enterprises in developing countries;...

APPENDICES

APPENDICES »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

APPENDIX I Statistical Tables Jitendra R. Modi, Somchai Richupan, and Chris Wu Many of the statistical tables included in this Appendix were...

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter summarizes the corrective tax estimates for coal, natural gas, and motor fuels based on the assumptions discussed in previous chapters, both for selected countries and,...

APPENDIX

APPENDIX »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

Summary Tax Structure Tables, 1975–92 Asegedech Woldemariam The attached tables contain cross-country statistical information...

12 Four Aspects of the Uruguay Round for African Economies

12 Four Aspects of the Uruguay Round for African Economies »

Source: Trade Policy Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

This paper addresses aspects of the Uruguay Round of particular concern to Africa. It covers four areas. First is preshipment inspection. This is an aspect of the Round about which...

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on valuing climate change damage from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The heart of the chapter is about measuring damage fr...

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Many studies have stressed the fiscal cost and environmental impact of energy subsidies (see, for example, IEA 2011; IMF 2013a; Parry and others 2014; and World Bank 201...