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In the Pipeline

In the Pipeline »

Source: In the Pipeline : Georgia's Oil and Gas Transit Revenues

Volume/Issue: 2004/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Dunn , Andreas Billmeier , and Bert van Selm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451874785

Keywords: Transit fees, fiscal revenue, gas, oil and gas, gas transit, oil producing, oil producing countries, Energy and the Macroeconomy,

Starting in 2005, nontax revenue in Georgia is expected to rise significantly, in the form of transit fees for oil transported through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline. Transit fees for gas transported through...

Dollarization of the Banking System

Dollarization of the Banking System »

Source: Dollarization of the Banking System : Good or Bad?

Volume/Issue: 2003/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianni De Nicolo , Patrick Honohan , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856668

Keywords: Financial Deepening, Financial Instability, inflation, foreign currency, foreign exchange, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper assesses the benefits and risks associated with dollarization of the banking system. We provide novel empirical evidence on the determinants of dollarization, its role in promoting financial development,...

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Source: Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

2 Macroeconomic Developments in 1995 and Early 1996

2 Macroeconomic Developments in 1995 and Early 1996 »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

The key to the broad-based macroeconomic stabilization that has taken hold since early 1995 has been a deeper understanding among the authorities of the role of strict financial pol...

5 Foreign Exchange Operations, Markets, and Reserve Management

5 Foreign Exchange Operations, Markets, and Reserve Management »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Over the last four years, the transition countries have, on the whole, moved substantially toward more market-based exchange rate arrangements, with a view to promoting both greater...

11 Low Pressure, High Tension: The Energy-Water Nexus in the CIS-7 Countries

11 Low Pressure, High Tension: The Energy-Water Nexus in the CIS-7 Countries »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

Overview Energy and water have emerged as critical issues for the CIS-7 countries—Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan—and their nei...

4 Monetary Operations, Money Markets, and Public Debt Management

4 Monetary Operations, Money Markets, and Public Debt Management »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Transition economies have on the whole made good progress in introducing indirect monetary policy instruments, but much still remains to be done to bring monetary operations to mode...

3 Main Issues and Challenges in Designing Bank-Restructuring Strategies

3 Main Issues and Challenges in Designing Bank-Restructuring Strategies »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Until the late 1980s, the financial sector of the transition countries was characterized by a banking system in which the central bank dominated the financial sector. The savings ba...

6 Payments System Reform

6 Payments System Reform »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Most transition countries are undertaking far-reaching reforms of their payments systems both to resolve urgent problems and to underpin development of efficient and stable systems...