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How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Issues in Global Natural Gas

Issues in Global Natural Gas »

Source: Issues in Global Natural Gas : A Primer and Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2002/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bright Okogu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451845983

Keywords: LNG, pipeline, gas pricing, economic rent, user cost, transportation constraint, sales and purchase agreement, gas, gas market, gas trade

This paper discusses the rising profile of natural gas in global energy, factors constraining its further development, the gas contracting process, and the absence of a global market, which is analyzed in the conte...

Capítulo I. Perspectivas y desafíos de política económica

Capítulo I. Perspectivas y desafíos de política económica »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial, mayo de 2001 : Política fiscal y estabilidad macroeconómica

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2001

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060333

Desde que se publicó la edición de octubre de 2000 de Perspectivas de la economía mundial, el panorama se ha deteriorado considerablemente en lo que atañe al crecimiento mundial debido a la acusada desaceler...

CHAPTER I PROSPECTS AND POLICY CHALLENGES

CHAPTER I PROSPECTS AND POLICY CHALLENGES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2001 : The Information Technology Revolution

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2001

ISBN: 9781589060739

Keywords: capital account liberalization, information technology, capital flows, fdi, external financing

Since the May 2001 World Economic Outlook, prospects for 2001–02 have weakened further, and downside risks have been further exacerbated by the recent terrorist attack in the United States (see...

Apéndice Estadístico

Apéndice Estadístico »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial, octubre de 2001 : La revolución de la tecnología de la información

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2001

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060753

En el apéndice estadístico se presentan datos históricos y proyecciones. Se divide en cuatro secciones: supuestos, datos y convenciones, clasificación de los países y cuadros estadísticos. En la pri...

Capítulo I. Perspectivas y Desafíos de Política Económica

Capítulo I. Perspectivas y Desafíos de Política Económica »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial, octubre de 2001 : La revolución de la tecnología de la información

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2001

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060753

Desde que se publicó la edición de mayo de 2001 de Perspectivas de la economía mundial, el panorama para 2001-02 se deterioró aún más y los riesgos de que los resultados sean más...

Apéndice estadístico

Apéndice estadístico »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial, mayo de 2001 : Política fiscal y estabilidad macroeconómica

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2001

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060333

En el apéndice estadístico se presentan datos históricos y proyecciones. Se divide en cuatro secciones: supuestos, datos y convenciones, clasificación de los países y cuadros estadísticos. En la pri...

CHAPTER V THE GREAT CONTRACTIONS IN RUSSIA, THE BALTICS, AND THE OTHER COUNTRIES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION: A VIEW FROM THE SUPPLY SIDE

CHAPTER V THE GREAT CONTRACTIONS IN RUSSIA, THE BALTICS, AND THE OTHER COUNTRIES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION: A VIEW FROM THE SUPPLY SIDE »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The early years of transition from a command to a market-based economy in central and eastern Europe have typically witnessed considerable output drops, at least according to official national statistics. Ou...

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter summarizes the corrective tax estimates for coal, natural gas, and motor fuels based on the assumptions discussed in previous chapters, both for selected countries and,...