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Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan »

Source: Azerbaijan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/83

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451802528

Keywords: exchange rate, oil sector, real exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rate appreciation

This paper describes economic developments in the Azerbaijan Republic during the 1990s. Real GDP declined by more than 70 percent from 1992 to 1995, by which time high inflation had eroded real incomes, the exchang...

Armenia

Armenia »

Source: Armenia : Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2010/9

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2010

ISBN: 9781451801781

Keywords: money laundering, law enforcement, terrorism financing, due diligence, law enforcement authorities

This detailed assessment report focuses on antimoney laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) for Armenia. The report reveals that Armenia's financial system remains small and bank dominated. T...

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan »

Source: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan : Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2011/317

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463923938

Keywords: money laundering, terrorist financing, terrorist, law enforcement, law enforcement agencies

Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world and, after decades of ongoing conflicts and strife, it is still at an early stage of developing its legal and institutional framework. Measures have been tak...

18 Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

18 Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction Adecade into the transition, many of the successor states of the former Soviet Union (FSU) still struggle with adapting their energy sectors to the ma...

2 Macroeconomic Developments in 1995 and Early 1996

2 Macroeconomic Developments in 1995 and Early 1996 »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

The key to the broad-based macroeconomic stabilization that has taken hold since early 1995 has been a deeper understanding among the authorities of the role of strict financial pol...

5 Foreign Exchange Operations, Markets, and Reserve Management

5 Foreign Exchange Operations, Markets, and Reserve Management »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Over the last four years, the transition countries have, on the whole, moved substantially toward more market-based exchange rate arrangements, with a view to promoting both greater...

6 Payments System Reform

6 Payments System Reform »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Most transition countries are undertaking far-reaching reforms of their payments systems both to resolve urgent problems and to underpin development of efficient and stable systems...

7 Central Bank Accounting and Internal Audit

7 Central Bank Accounting and Internal Audit »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

The broad focus of reforms in central bank accounting and internal audit has been on the implementation of accounting systems that are both relevant and practical for supporting the...

4 Monetary Operations, Money Markets, and Public Debt Management

4 Monetary Operations, Money Markets, and Public Debt Management »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Transition economies have on the whole made good progress in introducing indirect monetary policy instruments, but much still remains to be done to bring monetary operations to mode...

3 Main Issues and Challenges in Designing Bank-Restructuring Strategies

3 Main Issues and Challenges in Designing Bank-Restructuring Strategies »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Until the late 1980s, the financial sector of the transition countries was characterized by a banking system in which the central bank dominated the financial sector. The savings ba...