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From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

2011 Spillover Report—Selected Issues

2011 Spillover Report—Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2011/185

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462339549

Keywords: spillovers, bond, financial markets, financial market, financial sector, Euro Area Policies:,

The euro area (EA) plays a major role in the global economy. Market perceptions of events in the EA program countries illustrate the possibility of large spillovers from the area in times of stress. The prospect of...

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation »

Source: Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Volume/Issue: 2006/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863840

Keywords: aviation taxes, aviation fuel, fuel tax, airlines, airline, air transport, Air Transportation,

This paper examines the case for internationally coordinated indirect taxes on aviation (as a source of general revenue-not (necessarily) as a source of development finance). The case for such taxes is strong: the...

Tax Policy

Tax Policy »

Source: Tax Policy : Recent Trends and Coming Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2007/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tehmina S. Khan , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868371

Keywords: Tax reform, personal income tax, corporate income tax, value-added tax, tax wedge, green taxes, taxation, tax revenues, tax rates, tax systems,

This paper provides an overview of the key economic factors that shape tax policy reform in many high-income countries, developing countries, and/or transition economies. The paper describes and evaluates global an...

Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision

Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision »

Source: Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision

Volume/Issue: 2006/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , and Richard Podpiera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863178

Keywords: financial services regulation, prudential supervision, supervisory agencies, integrated supervision, banking, banking supervision, regulatory environment, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Regulation and Business Law: General

Over the past two decades, there has been a clear trend toward integrating the regulation and supervision of banks, nonbank financial institutions, and securities markets. This paper reviews the international exper...

CHAPTER V THE GREAT CONTRACTIONS IN RUSSIA, THE BALTICS, AND THE OTHER COUNTRIES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION: A VIEW FROM THE SUPPLY SIDE

CHAPTER V THE GREAT CONTRACTIONS IN RUSSIA, THE BALTICS, AND THE OTHER COUNTRIES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION: A VIEW FROM THE SUPPLY SIDE »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The early years of transition from a command to a market-based economy in central and eastern Europe have typically witnessed considerable output drops, at least according to official national statistics. Ou...

CHAPTER I. ECONOMIC PROSPECTS AND POLICY ISSUES

CHAPTER I. ECONOMIC PROSPECTS AND POLICY ISSUES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2004 : The Global Demographic Transition

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589064065

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rate, oil prices, payments

Over the past year, the global recovery has become increasingly well established, with global GDP growth now projected to average 5 percent in 2004, the highest for nearly three decades (Figure...

Chapter III. HOW WILL DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AFFECT THE GLOBAL ECONOMY?

Chapter III. HOW WILL DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AFFECT THE GLOBAL ECONOMY? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2004 : The Global Demographic Transition

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589064065

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rate, oil prices, payments

It seems possible that a society in which the proportion of young people is diminishing will become dangerously unprogressive, falling behind other communities not o...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2004 : The Global Demographic Transition

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589064065

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rate, oil prices, payments

The statistical appendix presents historical data, as well as projections. It comprises five sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, an...

Capítulo I. Perspectivas de la economía y cuestiones de política económica

Capítulo I. Perspectivas de la economía y cuestiones de política económica »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial, septiembre de 2004 : La estructura demográfica mundial en transición

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2004

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589064102

En el último año, la recuperación mundial se ha afianzado cada vez más; las proyecciones actuales indican que en 2004 el crecimiento mundial del PIB será de 5% en promedio, cifra que representa...