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Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 2002/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aleh Tsyvinski , Martin Petri , and Günther Taube

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451848069

Keywords: transition countries, quasi-fiscal activities, implicit subsidies, implicit taxation, payment arrears, gas, fiscal activities, coal, fiscal deficit, Structure

A decade into the transition, many of the successor states of the former Soviet Union (FSU) continue to use energy sector quasi-fiscal activities (QFAs), especially low energy prices and the toleration of payment a...

Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges

Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges »

Source: Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2008/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Dalsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869149

Keywords: Structural reform, marginal effective tax rates, flat tax, tax rates, taxation, effective tax rates, tax credits, personal income tax,

The paper provides an analysis and discussion of key structural implications of the 2007 and 2008 welfare and tax reforms in the Czech Republic. Based on a detailed micro-study of marginal and average effective tax...

Republic of Armenia

Republic of Armenia »

Source: Republic of Armenia : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2001/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451801446

Keywords: electricity, capital expenditures, debt service, tax revenues, state budget

This report provides an overview of the recent economic developments in Armenia by analyzing its output growth, prices, wages, employment, public finances and social safety net, monetary and exchange rate developme...

Austria: 2012 Article IV Consultation

Austria: 2012 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Austria : 2012 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Informational Annex; Statement by the Staff Representative; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Austria

Volume/Issue: 2012/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506778

Keywords: retirement, pension, early retirement, health care, retirement age

Austria has relatively strong macroeconomic fundamentals, but also deep ties with the rest of the euro area. The legacy of an overly ambitious eastward financial sector expansion has created substantial challenges...

Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity

Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity »

Source: Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2019/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Alexis Meyer-Cirkel , Akira Sasahara , and Hans Weisfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484393826

Keywords: Price indexes, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Agricultural Productivity;TFP;Imported Inputs;Weather Shocks;Climate Change Mitigation;LICs.;high-income country;low share;value-added;middle-income country

This paper estimates agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) in 162 countries between 1991 and 2015 and aims to understand sources of cross-country variations in agricultural TFP levels and its growth rates. T...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Tax Policy

Tax Policy »

Source: Tax Policy : Recent Trends and Coming Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2007/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tehmina S. Khan , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868371

Keywords: Tax reform, personal income tax, corporate income tax, value-added tax, tax wedge, green taxes, taxation, tax revenues, tax rates, tax systems,

This paper provides an overview of the key economic factors that shape tax policy reform in many high-income countries, developing countries, and/or transition economies. The paper describes and evaluates global an...

A Primeron Mineral Taxation

A Primeron Mineral Taxation »

Source: A Primeron Mineral Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2001/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856040

Keywords: mineral tax, mining and petroleum, mineral extraction, rate of return, tax system, fiscal stability, tax rate,

The paper discusses options available to tax mineral extraction projects particularly in developing countries. A desirable government share of the economic rent generated from mineral extraction can be achieved thr...

APPENDIX

APPENDIX »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

Summary Tax Structure Tables, 1975–92 Asegedech Woldemariam The attached tables contain cross-country statistical information...

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Many studies have stressed the fiscal cost and environmental impact of energy subsidies (see, for example, IEA 2011; IMF 2013a; Parry and others 2014; and World Bank 201...