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IV Trade Liberalization in Eastern European Countries

IV Trade Liberalization in Eastern European Countries »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Issues & Development in intl. Trade

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451939545

In the past few years. Eastern European countries have initiated and in some cases accelerated comprehensive reform programs designed to transform their economic systems rapidly into market-based economies....

V Debt Restructuring by Official Bilateral Creditors

V Debt Restructuring by Official Bilateral Creditors »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Paris Club Reschedulings, August 1995–September 1997 Since August 1995, Paris Club creditors have concluded 23 rescheduling agreements, involving debt-service obligations and arrears...

II New Official Financing Flows to Developing Countries

II New Official Financing Flows to Developing Countries »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Official bilateral financing remains an important source of finance for developing countries, particularly countries with limited access to international capital markets. Analysis of the flows must take into...

CHAPTER V PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT IN CRISIS PREVENTION AND RESOLUTION: MARKET VIEWS AND RECENT EXPERIENCE

CHAPTER V PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT IN CRISIS PREVENTION AND RESOLUTION: MARKET VIEWS AND RECENT EXPERIENCE »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 2000)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759498

Keywords: debt, bond, banking, interest, otc

A prominent feature of the international financial landscape in recent years has been the occurrence of several financial crises—Mexico in 1994–95, Asia in 1997, Russia in 1998, and Brazil in 1998–99. In con...

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

According to the IMF’s official classification of exchange arrangements, there has been a gradual move away from pegged regimes into more flexible arrangements. This classification scheme has, however, a num...

VIII Recent Technical Assistance on Exchange Systems, 1994–97

VIII Recent Technical Assistance on Exchange Systems, 1994–97 »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

This section reviews the IMF’s recent technical assistance on exchange systems and the main elements emphasized during such assistance. Main Focus of Recent Technical Assistance...

Stastical Appendix

Stastical Appendix »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

Table A1. Restrictions Maintained by Countries with Article XIV Status, 1997 1...

VIII Prices in the Transition: Ten Stylized Facts

VIII Prices in the Transition: Ten Stylized Facts »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

For several decades, most prices in the centrally planned economies were set administratively, with little regard for cost or demand. Exceptions included farmers’ markets, where var...

II Convertibility of Currencies for Current International Payments and Transfers

II Convertibility of Currencies for Current International Payments and Transfers »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

Developments in the convertibility of members’ currencies for current payments and transfers over the period 1993–97 have clearly been toward more liberal exchange systems for payments and transfers for curr...

III Emerging Markets: The Contraction in External Financing and Its Impact on Financial Systems

III Emerging Markets: The Contraction in External Financing and Its Impact on Financial Systems »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 1999)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758521

Keywords: debt, bonds, loans, interest, restructuring

The turmoil that began as the “Asian crisis” in 1997 spread far more widely in 1998 as the pattern of rolling crises continued. After the substantial turmoil experienced in late 1997, the outlook for emergin...