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Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters

Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters

Volume/Issue: 2009/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Klaus-Stefan Enders

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872286

Keywords: Exchange rate, current account, real exchange, government spending, real exchange rate,

While the underlying methodologies continue to be widely debated and refined, there is little consensus on how to assess the equilibrium exchange rate of economies dominated by production of finite natural resource...

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

Annex I

Annex I »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

MENA at a Glance Coverage. The MENA region is defined to encompass the economies of the Arab League (Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon,...

III Budget Structure and Implications for Fiscal Policy

III Budget Structure and Implications for Fiscal Policy »

Source: Kuwait : From Reconstruction to Accumulation for Future Generations

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): John Wilson , Susan Fennell , Nigel Chalk , Mohamed El-Erian , and Alexei Kireyev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756237

Keywords: central bank, expenditure, debt, capital expenditure, interest

In the years since the Iraqi occupation, Kuwait has recorded budget deficits as well as lower investment income. The budget deficits reflected the high spending associated with liberation, reconstruction, an...

II Accumulation for Future Generations: Kuwait’s Economic Challenges

II Accumulation for Future Generations: Kuwait’s Economic Challenges »

Source: Kuwait : From Reconstruction to Accumulation for Future Generations

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): John Wilson , Susan Fennell , Nigel Chalk , Mohamed El-Erian , and Alexei Kireyev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756237

Keywords: central bank, expenditure, debt, capital expenditure, interest

Kuwait is a rich country. It has large oil reserves and, owing to its prudent financial policies of the 1970s and 1980s, possesses considerable foreign assets. The economy has a tradition of low inflation, a...

II. Recent Developments in the Macroeconomy

II. Recent Developments in the Macroeconomy »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

A. Overview As recognized by governments throughout the region, sustaining a high rate of growth is the primary economic challenge facing the MENA economies. This is needed to enhanc...

Financial Systems and Reform in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Financial Systems and Reform in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

Executive Summary • Since the end of the regional crisis in 1990-91, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) 1 financial systems have witnessed a rapid d...

IV. Labor Market Challenges and Policies

IV. Labor Market Challenges and Policies »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

A. Current Policy Approach The prospects of tighter labor market conditions have already prompted a policy response in several GCC countries to facilitate the absorption of a large n...

II. Structure of the GCC Financial Sectors

II. Structure of the GCC Financial Sectors »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

A. Banking Intermediation The GCC countries have a fairly large number of banks with extensive networks of branches. Banks are also, with few exceptions, financially strong and well...

IV. Remaining Reform Issues

IV. Remaining Reform Issues »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

As highlighted above, the GCC countries have already completed most of the crucial stages in their gradual process of liberalization and reform of their financial sectors. Nevertheless, there are some outsta...