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14 Public Governance in Transition

14 Public Governance in Transition »

Source: Ukraine : Accelerating the Transition to Market

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 1997

ISBN: 9781557756190

Keywords: wage, benefits, pension, wages, inflation

Governance is a broad concept. The American Heritage Dictionary (1991) defines it as the process of “making and administering the public policy,” while Webster’s Dic...

1 Macroeconomics and the Environment: Summary and Conclusions

1 Macroeconomics and the Environment: Summary and Conclusions »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Two themes dominated the discussions at the seminar. How do macroeconomic policies and the environment interact? How important is it that the Fund staff become aware of this interac...

9 Economy-Wide Policies and the Environment: Developing Countries

9 Economy-Wide Policies and the Environment: Developing Countries »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

During the 1980s, economic crises in many developing countries resulted in economic hardship, characterized by severe internal and external imbalances. Stabilization and adjustment...

6 Equity in a Global Economy

6 Equity in a Global Economy »

Source: Economic Policy and Equity

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757883

Keywords: income distribution, transition economies, income inequality, distribution of income, wage

It was 150 years ago this year that Marx and Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto. They turned out to be wrong in a number of respects. But they were surely right to stress the enormity of the change in huma...

11 Financial Growth and Macroeconomic Stability in China, 1978-92: Implications for Russia and Eastern Europe

11 Financial Growth and Macroeconomic Stability in China, 1978-92: Implications for Russia and Eastern Europe »

Source: Coordinating Stabilization and Structural Reform : Proceedings of the Seminar Coordination of Structural Reform and Macroeconomic Stabilization, Washington, D.C., June 17-26, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754301

Keywords: interest, exchange rate, inflation, prices, restructuring

Ronald McKinnon From 1978 to 1992, China’s liberalization was gradual, with a fairly stable price level and extraordinarily rapid output growth. Since 1989, rapid liberalizations in...

17 Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries

17 Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction This paper examines the case for smoothing retail petroleum prices in the face of volatile international oil prices in developing countries where petroleum prices are...

12 Corruption and Military Spending

12 Corruption and Military Spending »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction In recent years, increasing attention has been devoted to understanding the reasons for, and economic consequences of, corruption. The existing literature can be divi...

2 Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

2 Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. The Growth of Corruption In recent years, and especially in the 1990s, a phenomenon broadly referred to as corruption has attracted a great deal of attention. In countries develop...

6 Revenue from the Oil and Gas Sector: Issues and Country Experience

6 Revenue from the Oil and Gas Sector: Issues and Country Experience »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction Oil and gas extraction plays a dominant role as a source of export earnings and, to a lesser extent, employment in many developing countries. But the...

CHAPTER 4 Economic Diversification in Resource-Rich Countries

CHAPTER 4 Economic Diversification in Resource-Rich Countries »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Developing countries as a whole have been remarkably successful in diversifying their economies and their export structures. This process of diversification has taken ma...