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Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines

Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines »

Source: Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines : A Comparison With Neighboring Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm , Dennis Botman , and Reza Baqir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870657

Keywords: Effective tax rates, South-East Asia, Tax holidays, tax rates, tax incentives, tax rate, taxation,

We compare the general tax provisions and investment incentives in the Philippines to six other east-Asian economies-Malaysia, Indonesia, Lao, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand. We calculate effective tax rates and f...

Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition

Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition »

Source: Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition

Volume/Issue: 2010/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Kenji Moriyama , and Abdul Naseer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982220

Keywords: intertemporal budget constraint, oil revenue, tax rates, fiscal adjustment, oil producing,

The paper aims to identify the optimal size, speed and composition of the medium-term fiscal adjustment in the context of Sudan's limited oil reserves. The permanently sustainable non-oil primary balance approach s...

External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries

External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries »

Source: External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sheku Bangura , Robert Powell , and Damoni Kitabire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451859959

Keywords: external debt management, HIPCs, low-income countries, debt unit, central bank, Low Income Developing Countries,

Improving debt management capacity in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs) is a key element of the international community’s strategy for ensuring a robust and sustained exit from unsustainable debt burde...

The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows

The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows »

Source: The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows : Patterns and Possible Explanations

Volume/Issue: 2005/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860986

Keywords: fdi, capital inflows, foreign exchange, direct investment, foreign capital, International Factor Movements and International Business, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

In this paper, we adopt a cross-country perspective to examine the evolution of capital flows into China, both in terms of volumes and composition. China's inflows have generally been dominated by foreign direct in...

The End of Textiles Quotas

The End of Textiles Quotas »

Source: The End of Textiles Quotas : A Case Study of the Impacton Bangladesh

Volume/Issue: 2004/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451853131

Keywords: MFA, ATC, textiles, clothing, exporters, exporting countries, export performance, clothing exports, total exports, Country and Industry Studies of Trade

This paper evaluates the effects on the Bangladeshi economy of phasing out textile and clothing (T&C) quotas currently maintained by industrial countries. The planned abolition of the quotas under the Agreement on...

FDI from BRICs to LICs

FDI from BRICs to LICs »

Source: FDI from BRICs to LICs : Emerging Growth Driver?

Volume/Issue: 2011/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462311309

Keywords: FDI, BRICs, low-income countries, direct investment, foreign direct investment, investors, investment climate, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Other, Economywide Country Studies: Africa, Comparative Studies of Countries

Despite the rapid increase in FDI flows to LICs, there have been relatively few studies that have specifically examined these flows. This paper attempts to partially fill the void by throwing light on one particula...

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening »

Source: Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Volume/Issue: 2007/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Druck , Alexander Plekhanov , and Mario Dehesa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867039

Keywords: Private credit, creditor rights, volatility, relative price, relative price variability, high inflation, price stability,

The paper provides a theoretical and cross-country empirical analysis of the determinants of financial deepening, and finds that higher credit-to-GDP ratios are associated with stronger creditor rights and lower in...

Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries

Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries »

Source: Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Montiel , Antonio Spilimbergo , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

ISBN: 9781455208883

Keywords: exchange rate, interest rate, institutions, bank lending, monetary transmission, central bank, government securities, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper reviews monetary transmission mechanisms in low-income countries (LICs) to identify aspects of the channels that may operate differently in LICs relative to advanced and emerging economies. Given the wea...

A Primeron Mineral Taxation

A Primeron Mineral Taxation »

Source: A Primeron Mineral Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2001/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856040

Keywords: mineral tax, mining and petroleum, mineral extraction, rate of return, tax system, fiscal stability, tax rate,

The paper discusses options available to tax mineral extraction projects particularly in developing countries. A desirable government share of the economic rent generated from mineral extraction can be achieved thr...