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Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity

Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity »

Source: Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2019/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Alexis Meyer-Cirkel , Akira Sasahara , and Hans Weisfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484393826

Keywords: Price indexes, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Agricultural Productivity;TFP;Imported Inputs;Weather Shocks;Climate Change Mitigation;LICs.;high-income country;low share;value-added;middle-income country

This paper estimates agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) in 162 countries between 1991 and 2015 and aims to understand sources of cross-country variations in agricultural TFP levels and its growth rates. T...

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?1

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?1 »

Source: Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?

Volume/Issue: 2019/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Shan Chen , Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , Swarnali Hannan , and Adil Mohommad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513518312

Keywords: Bilateral trade, Balance of trade, Patterns of trade, Trading systems, Trade policy, Managed trade deal, spillover effects., WP, extra purchase, size-based

The trade discussions between the U.S. and China are on-going. Not much is known about the shape and nature of a potential agreement, but it seems possible that it would include elements of managed trade. This pape...

Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis*

Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis* »

Source: Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2019/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Matthew Kahn , Kamiar Mohaddes , Ryan Ng , M. Pesaran , Mehdi Raissi , and Jui-Chung Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514598

Keywords: Greenhouse gas emissions, Economic growth, Real sector, Economic cooperation, Economic indicators, Climate change, adaptation, counterfactual analysis., WP, historical norm

We study the long-term impact of climate change on economic activity across countries, using a stochastic growth model where labor productivity is affected by country-specific climate variables-defined as deviation...

Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty

Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty »

Source: Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty : Evidence From Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2011/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yifei Huang , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462305230

Keywords: financial development, property rights, dependent variable, gini coefficient, descriptive statistics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Financial Economics: General,

Recent studies on the relationship between financial development and poverty have been inconclusive. Some claim that, by allowing more entrepreneurs to obtain financing, financial development improves the allocatio...

This Changes Everything: Climate Shocks and Sovereign Bonds

This Changes Everything: Climate Shocks and Sovereign Bonds »

Source: This Changes Everything: Climate Shocks and Sovereign Bonds

Volume/Issue: 2020/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and João Tovar Jalles

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2020

ISBN: 9781513546216

Keywords: Climatic changes, Bond markets, Bond yields, Municipal bonds, Financial statistics, Climate change, vulnerability, resilience, government bond yields and spreads, WP

Climate change is already a systemic risk to the global economy. While there is a large body of literature documenting potential economic consequences, there is scarce research on the link between climate change an...

Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries

Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries »

Source: Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aidar Abdychev , La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul , Andrew Jonelis , Lamin Leigh , Ashwin Moheeput , Friska Parulian , Ara Stepanyan , and Albert Touna Mama

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484328439

Keywords: Growth, potential growth&;amp;#x2026;, environment, debt, productivity growth, economics, trade, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Forecasting and Simulation, One

Many small middle-income countries (SMICs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have experienced a moderation in growth in recent years. Although factor accumulation, most notably capital deepening, was crucial to the succe...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Taxation of Petroleum Products

Taxation of Petroleum Products »

Source: Taxation of Petroleum Products : Theory and Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1994/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , and Walter Mahler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451979756

Keywords: petroleum products, fuel oil, automotive diesel, heavy fuel oil, petroleum prices

The domestic taxation of petroleum products is an important source of revenue in most countries. However, there is a wide variation of tax rates on petroleum products across countries, which cannot be explained by...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Source: Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...