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9 Strengthening Mozambique’s Business Environment: Diagnostics, Strategies, and Outcomes

9 Strengthening Mozambique’s Business Environment: Diagnostics, Strategies, and Outcomes »

Source: Post-Stabilization Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa : Lessons from Mozambique

Series: Books

Author(s): Shanaka Peiris , and Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781589066779

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, budget support, real exchange rate

Strengthening the business environment has been increasingly recognized as central to accelerating and sustaining broad-based and pro-poor growth in low-income countries. It involves policy and institutional...

Chapter 11. Operating within the New Global Regulatory Environment

Chapter 11. Operating within the New Global Regulatory Environment »

Source: The Future of Asian Finance

Series: Books

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Cheng Lim , Chikahisa Sumi , James Walsh , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

ISBN: 9781498317191

Keywords: bond, markets, investment, market, financial crisis

Main Points of this Chapter Asian banks tend to be well capitalized and liquid, with broadly strong supervision—although there are some gaps....

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter summarizes the corrective tax estimates for coal, natural gas, and motor fuels based on the assumptions discussed in previous chapters, both for selected countries and,...

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on valuing climate change damage from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The heart of the chapter is about measuring damage fr...

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Many studies have stressed the fiscal cost and environmental impact of energy subsidies (see, for example, IEA 2011; IMF 2013a; Parry and others 2014; and World Bank 201...

1 Macroeconomics and the Environment: Summary and Conclusions

1 Macroeconomics and the Environment: Summary and Conclusions »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Two themes dominated the discussions at the seminar. How do macroeconomic policies and the environment interact? How important is it that the Fund staff become aware of this interac...

9 Economy-Wide Policies and the Environment: Developing Countries

9 Economy-Wide Policies and the Environment: Developing Countries »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

During the 1980s, economic crises in many developing countries resulted in economic hardship, characterized by severe internal and external imbalances. Stabilization and adjustment...

Infant and child mortality

Infant and child mortality »

Source: A Better World for All : Progress Toward the International Development Goals

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451976007

Keywords: maternal mortality, reproductive health, girls, reproductive health services, maternal deaths

Goal: Reduce infant and child mortality rates by two-thirds by 2015 11 million children under the age of 5 died in 1998, most from preventable causes Inf...

Chapter 5. Industrial Diversification in Korea: History in Search of Lessons

Chapter 5. Industrial Diversification in Korea: History in Search of Lessons »

Source: Breaking the Oil Spell : The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

Series: Books

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513537863

Keywords: Export diversification, Nonoil sector, Oil exporting countries, Economic development, environment, development, oil, capital, industry, Gulf Falcons,

Koreans define their predicaments in terms of absences. One of the first absences they will lament is that of exportable natural resources, from which stemmed a path of industrialization squarely focused on...

3 Domestic Lending in Foreign Currency

3 Domestic Lending in Foreign Currency »

Source: Building Strong Banks Through Surveillance and Resolution

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Dewitt Marston , and Michael Taylor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589060432

Keywords: banking, loans, restructuring, debt, asset management

The availability of foreign currency loans to domestic borrowers has expanded as a natural result of increased global liquidity and the liberalization of domestic fi...