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Petroleum Product Subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies »

Source: Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

XIII. Military Expenditure

XIII. Military Expenditure »

Source: Public Expenditure Handbook : A Guide to Public Policy Issues in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752222

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, military, health care, fiscal policy

What information is available about military expenditure? Can an appropriate level of military e...

4 Aid, Debt Relief, and Trade: Making Commitments Work

4 Aid, Debt Relief, and Trade: Making Commitments Work »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2007 : Confronting the Challenges of Gender Equality and Fragile States

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2007

ISBN: 9780821369753

Keywords: debt, girls, child mortality, maternal mortality

Developed countries can help developing countries’ progress toward the MDGs by delivering on commitments of more (and more effective) assistance and by improving market access for these countries. The chapte...

7 Global Environmental Sustainability: Protecting the Commons

7 Global Environmental Sustainability: Protecting the Commons »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2008 : MDGs and the Environment: Agenda for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2008

ISBN: 9780821373842

Keywords: environment, climate change, environmental sustainability, health care, malnutrition

Sustainable management of global environmental resources—the earth’s climate, ocean fisheries, and biodiversity—is essential to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and...

4 Analytical Aspects of the Debt in Problems of Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

4 Analytical Aspects of the Debt in Problems of Heavily Indebted Poor Countries »

Source: External Finance for Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451957198

Keywords: debt, external debt, creditors, debt relief, debt overhang

After a difficult period following the onset of the debt crisis in 1982, the debt situation of most middle-income debtor countries has improved substantially. However, a group of low-income countries, most o...

12 Corruption and Military Spending

12 Corruption and Military Spending »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction In recent years, increasing attention has been devoted to understanding the reasons for, and economic consequences of, corruption. The existing literature can be divi...

3 Promoting Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment

3 Promoting Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2007 : Confronting the Challenges of Gender Equality and Fragile States

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2007

ISBN: 9780821369753

Keywords: debt, girls, child mortality, maternal mortality

The 2006 World Development Report acknowledges the importance of ensuring equal opportunities across population groups as an intrinsic aspect of development and as an instrument for achieving poverty reducti...

Chapter 3. The Political Economy of Petroleum Wealth in Low-Income Countries: Some Policy Alternatives

Chapter 3. The Political Economy of Petroleum Wealth in Low-Income Countries: Some Policy Alternatives »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction The problems created by abundant mineral wealth—commonly referred to as the natural resource curse—are mostly political, not economic. If low-income countries were gover...

CHAPTER 7 Progress Toward External Viability

CHAPTER 7 Progress Toward External Viability »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

Progress toward external viability is a central objective in ESAF-supported programs. To this end, the programs emphasize macroeconomic policies and structural reforms that are designed to strengthen externa...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2007 : Confronting the Challenges of Gender Equality and Fragile States

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2007

ISBN: 9780821369753

Keywords: debt, girls, child mortality, maternal mortality

The 2007 Global Monitoring Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) assesses the contributions of developing countries, developed countries, and international financial institutions toward meeting universa...