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Petroleum Product Subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies »

Source: Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

From Ambition to Execution

From Ambition to Execution »

Source: From Ambition to Execution : Policies in Support of Sustainable Development Goals

Volume/Issue: 2015/18

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Catherine Pattillo , Adrian Peralta-Alva , Andrea Presbitero , Baoping Shang , Genevieve Verdier , Marie-Therese Camilleri , Kazuaki Washimi , Lisa Kolovich , Monique Newiak , Martin Cihak , Inci Otker , Luis-Felipe Zanna , and Carol Baker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513573304

Keywords: Inclusive growth, Income inequality, Gender, Environmental sustainability, Sustainable development, Fiscal policy, Developing countries, sustainable development goals, growth, structural transformation

The formal launch of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) sets the global development agenda through 2030, placing significant emphasis on promoting social and environmental sustainability alongside economic gr...

Avoiding the New Mediocre: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Avoiding the New Mediocre: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Raising the Middle East and Central Asia's long-term growth prospects is critical for meeting the region's pressing need for jobs and higher living standards....

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

Capítulo I. Perspectivas y Desafíos de Política Económica

Capítulo I. Perspectivas y Desafíos de Política Económica »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial, octubre de 2001 : La revolución de la tecnología de la información

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2001

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060753

Desde que se publicó la edición de mayo de 2001 de Perspectivas de la economía mundial, el panorama para 2001-02 se deterioró aún más y los riesgos de que los resultados sean más...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

The decade of the 1990s was surely one of the most dramatic periods in Yemen‧ s rich history. Unification of the two Yemens, rapid development of an oil sector, and a radically changed external...

II External Environment: Politics, Oil, and Debt

II External Environment: Politics, Oil, and Debt »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

Economic developments in Yemen in the 1990s were driven largely by dramatic changes in the political sphere—in particular, by unification and civil war—and by external events, chief among which...

VI Economic Performance from 1990 to 1999

VI Economic Performance from 1990 to 1999 »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

The performance of Yemen’s economy in the 1990s shows clearly the impact of the exogenous shocks it suffered during the period, but it also, in the latter half of the decade, bears witness to th...

IV Microeconomic Reforms

IV Microeconomic Reforms »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

In the 1960s the end of the reign of the imam in the north of Yemen brought about the establishment of a republic, which took first steps toward introducing a modern, market-oriented commercial...

Chapter 1: Economic Growth

Chapter 1: Economic Growth »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Iran faces the challenge of increasing its growth rate to reduce unemployment and improve the living standards of its population over the medium term. Growth performance in recent years (6 percent during 200...