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Recent Activity—International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Development Association, and International Finance Corporation

Recent Activity—International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Development Association, and International Finance Corporation »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1970

ISBN: 9781616353001

Keywords: human environment, environment, environmental problem, environmental impact

This paper analyzes the impact of economic development on the environment. The paper highlights that the environmental impact of the industrial process includes everything from the effects of withdrawing the inputs...

9 A Macroeconometric Model for Developing Countries

9 A Macroeconometric Model for Developing Countries »

Source: Macroeconomic Models for Adjustment in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557752192

Keywords: inflation, money stock, money supply, monetary fund, exchange rate

D espite the increased attention that macroeconomic management in developing countries has received during the past decade, no consensus has emerged on the appropriate analytical fra...

3 Stabilization Programs in Developing Countries: A Formal Framework

3 Stabilization Programs in Developing Countries: A Formal Framework »

Source: Macroeconomic Models for Adjustment in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557752192

Keywords: inflation, money stock, money supply, monetary fund, exchange rate

M ost developing countries have at one time or another faced the twin problems of a high domestic rate of inflation and a deficit in the balance of payments. The cause of these probl...

8 Stabilization Policies in Developing Countries with a Parallel Market for Foreign Exchange

8 Stabilization Policies in Developing Countries with a Parallel Market for Foreign Exchange »

Source: Macroeconomic Models for Adjustment in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557752192

Keywords: inflation, money stock, money supply, monetary fund, exchange rate

W idespread trade restrictions and foreign exchange controls have resulted in inefficient patterns of resource use and led to the emergence of parallel markets in goods and foreign c...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Large fiscal deficits have been a daunting problem for a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the past several years. Rapid expansions in expenditure and de...

3 Bureaucratic Corruption and the Rate of Temptation: Do Wages in the Civil Service Affect Corruption, and by How Much?

3 Bureaucratic Corruption and the Rate of Temptation: Do Wages in the Civil Service Affect Corruption, and by How Much? »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction The importance of adequate remuneration in ensuring an honest civil service is widely recognized in the policy debate. 1 The issue o...

12 Corruption and Military Spending

12 Corruption and Military Spending »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction In recent years, increasing attention has been devoted to understanding the reasons for, and economic consequences of, corruption. The existing literature can be divi...

13 Fiscal Decentralization and Governance: A Cross-Country Analysis

13 Fiscal Decentralization and Governance: A Cross-Country Analysis »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Strengthening governance—the institutions by which a country exercises authority and manages its public resources—has been a key objective of most economic reform pro...

2 Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

2 Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. The Growth of Corruption In recent years, and especially in the 1990s, a phenomenon broadly referred to as corruption has attracted a great deal of attention. In countries develop...