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Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East »

Source: Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Volume/Issue: 2007/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , Hanan Morsy , Martin Petri , Martin Hommes , Manal Fouad , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865769

Keywords: oil producers, oil producing countries, oil producing, oil prices

Public debt in the Middle East increased during the mid-1990s mainly because of fiscal expansions. It decreased in recent years, thanks to high oil revenue, economic growth, some primary non-oil fiscal adjustment,...

Fiscal Policy Sustainability in Oil-Producing Countries

Fiscal Policy Sustainability in Oil-Producing Countries »

Source: Fiscal Policy Sustainability in Oil-Producing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sheila Bassett , Claire Liuksila , and Alejandro García

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1994

ISBN: 9781451855852

Keywords: oil reserves, fiscal stance, oil revenues, government revenue

Assessing the sustainability of a given fiscal policy is especially important for countries that depend on income from exhaustible resources. Political and growth pressures may push governments to raise expenditure...

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004 »

Source: Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

Volume/Issue: 2005/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Paul Bodin , and William Joseph Crandall

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451862225

Keywords: Revenue, tax, customs, tax administration, tax administration reform, revenue collection,

The paper provides an overview of revenue administration reforms implemented in Middle Eastern and North African countries over the past decade with IMF assistance. Although reforming tax and customs administration...

Comment

Comment »

Source: Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, December 5-7, 1988

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750426

Keywords: public enterprises, joint ventures, public enterprise, public sector

No doubt, Sir Alan Walters paper is interesting and has a wealth of information. It is very stimulating to read. However, the paper is rather weak on Arab countries. Perhaps a study of the attempts of Egypt...

3 Efficiency of Public Investment: Lessons from World Bank Experience

3 Efficiency of Public Investment: Lessons from World Bank Experience »

Source: Investment Policies in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Kuwait, December 11-13, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Saíd El-Naggar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751409

Keywords: direct investment, law, investors, investment policies

The efficiency of public investment is quite a relevant and timely subject in Arab countries, because the public sector invests heavily, and because all resources for development ar...

Comment

Comment »

Source: Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, December 5-7, 1988

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750426

Keywords: public enterprises, joint ventures, public enterprise, public sector

It is not my intention to present a summary of the ideas contained in the paper presented by Peter S. Heller and Christian Schiller. I shall attempt to stress other aspects of the fiscal implications of priv...

7 Egypt’s Investment Strategy, Policies, and Performance Since the Infitah

7 Egypt’s Investment Strategy, Policies, and Performance Since the Infitah »

Source: Investment Policies in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Kuwait, December 11-13, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Saíd El-Naggar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751409

Keywords: direct investment, law, investors, investment policies

The rate of capital accumulation is the key variable that determines the rate of growth of an economy in the medium term, while the allocation of investment resources across sectors...

3 The Privatization of Public Enterprises

3 The Privatization of Public Enterprises »

Source: Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, December 5-7, 1988

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750426

Keywords: public enterprises, joint ventures, public enterprise, public sector

The objectives of this paper are to review the importance and performance, in both financial and efficiency terms, of public enterprises in developing countries;...

4 Foreign Direct Investment: The Role of Joint Ventures and Investment Authorities

4 Foreign Direct Investment: The Role of Joint Ventures and Investment Authorities »

Source: Investment Policies in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Kuwait, December 11-13, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Saíd El-Naggar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751409

Keywords: direct investment, law, investors, investment policies

This paper will discuss the policies that require foreign investors to enter into joint ventures with local firms, and the institutions used by host countries to promote, screen, an...

2 Liberalization and Privatization: An Overview

2 Liberalization and Privatization: An Overview »

Source: Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, December 5-7, 1988

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750426

Keywords: public enterprises, joint ventures, public enterprise, public sector

In this paper my main purpose is to examine the principles, practices, and record of the deregulation and privatization movements of the 1980s. No such survey could be comprehensive without straining the rea...