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5 Adjusting to the New Realities

5 Adjusting to the New Realities »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

The MENA region, with the exception of the GCC countries, remains one of the most protectionist in the world. Furthermore, despite the remarkable growth in international trade over the past few decades, MENA...

CHAPTER 3 Primary Commodities: Historical Perspectives and Prospects

CHAPTER 3 Primary Commodities: Historical Perspectives and Prospects »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

This chapter is intended to provide a historical framework for the analysis of national commodity export dependence. It is organized into four sections, each treating one of four th...

CHAPTER 4 Economic Diversification in Resource-Rich Countries

CHAPTER 4 Economic Diversification in Resource-Rich Countries »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Developing countries as a whole have been remarkably successful in diversifying their economies and their export structures. This process of diversification has taken ma...

CHPTER 8 Sustainable Fiscal Policy for Mineral-Based Economies

CHPTER 8 Sustainable Fiscal Policy for Mineral-Based Economies »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Economic management in mineral- and energy-based extractive economies must confront a wide range of challenges: investments in the sector are large and long- term in nat...

CHAPTER 1 Overview

CHAPTER 1 Overview »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

This book is based on a high-level seminar that took place in Algiers on November 4th and 5th, 2010, under the title, “Natural Resources, Finance, and Development: Confronting Old a...

4 Financial Structure and Reforms

4 Financial Structure and Reforms »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Strong and dynamic modern financial institutions and systems are important prerequisites for MENA countries to compete in the global economy and achieve full integration into world financial markets. While m...

CHAPTER 12 Copper, the Real Exchange Rate and Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Chile

CHAPTER 12 Copper, the Real Exchange Rate and Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Chile »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Chile is rich in natural resources. The mining sector has been very important historically, and today Chile is the largest producer of copper in the world. But while Chi...

CHAPTER 5 Finance and Oil: Is There a Resource Curse?

CHAPTER 5 Finance and Oil: Is There a Resource Curse? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION An extensive literature has identified financial sector development as a critical factor in inclusive economic development (see Levine, 2005, and Beck, 2009, for overvie...

CHAPTER 9 Fiscal Policy in Commodity- Exporting Countries: Stability and Growth

CHAPTER 9 Fiscal Policy in Commodity- Exporting Countries: Stability and Growth »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION In the late 1950s, Richard Musgrave made the case for a “three-function framework” which has influenced the way economists approach fiscal policy and its objectives to t...

CHAPTER 6 The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Lessons from Norway

CHAPTER 6 The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Lessons from Norway »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION While most studies of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) focus on their wealth management functions, particularly their investment strategies, it is essential to start with t...