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5 Adjusting to the New Realities

5 Adjusting to the New Realities »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

The MENA region, with the exception of the GCC countries, remains one of the most protectionist in the world. Furthermore, despite the remarkable growth in international trade over the past few decades, MENA...

3. Policy Challenges

3. Policy Challenges »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616350642

Keywords: oil importers, oil exporters, oil and gas, subsidies, oil prices

3.1. MENA Oil Importers: Creating Jobs for the Young Workforce The ongoing social and political events in the region highlight the urgency of addressing youth unemplo...

VI The Imperatives of Energy Interdependence

VI The Imperatives of Energy Interdependence »

Source: Oil Exporters' Economic Development in an Interdependent World

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Amuzegar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 1983

ISBN: 9781557750785

Keywords: opec, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, oil exports, oil exporting countries

The energy crisis of the 1970s is the energy challenge of the 1980s and beyond. Economically competitive substitutes for oil will have to be found; energy (and particularly oil) efficiency in the production...

2. MENAP Oil Importers: Winds of Change

2. MENAP Oil Importers: Winds of Change »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616350642

Keywords: oil importers, oil exporters, oil and gas, subsidies, oil prices

Social unrest and change are sweeping through many countries in the region. While economic spillovers to other MENAP oil importers from the unrest that began in Egypt and Tunisia have so far bee...

III A Framework for National Economic Management

III A Framework for National Economic Management »

Source: Oil Exporters' Economic Development in an Interdependent World

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Amuzegar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 1983

ISBN: 9781557750785

Keywords: opec, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, oil exports, oil exporting countries

Critical choices of development strategy facing the oil exporting developing countries revolve around the prospects for and limitations of their underlying economic structure as major oil exporters. On the p...

3 Trade Liberalization: Policy Options from Inward-Looking to Outward-Oriented

3 Trade Liberalization: Policy Options from Inward-Looking to Outward-Oriented »

Source: Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557753052

Keywords: trade liberalization, exporters, tariff structure, nontariff barriers, foreign trade

Wilfried P. Thalwitz and Oli Havrylyshyn I. Introduction Many countries are currently involved in trade liberalization efforts—at th...

IV Policy Options and Country Experiences

IV Policy Options and Country Experiences »

Source: Oil Exporters' Economic Development in an Interdependent World

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Amuzegar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 1983

ISBN: 9781557750785

Keywords: opec, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, oil exports, oil exporting countries

The economic policy choices available to oil exporting developing countries in deciding how best to implement their national priorities cover a wide range. They include both conventional policies (i.e., fore...

4 Financial Structure and Reforms

4 Financial Structure and Reforms »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Strong and dynamic modern financial institutions and systems are important prerequisites for MENA countries to compete in the global economy and achieve full integration into world financial markets. While m...

4. Caucasus and Central Asia: Sustaining the Recovery

4. Caucasus and Central Asia: Sustaining the Recovery »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616350642

Keywords: oil importers, oil exporters, oil and gas, subsidies, oil prices

The sharper-than-envisaged rebound in the CCA in 2010 was led by commodity exports and public investment. To sustain and broaden this recovery, policies will have to confront three short-term ch...

V World Payments Imbalances and the International Adjustment Process

V World Payments Imbalances and the International Adjustment Process »

Source: Oil Exporters' Economic Development in an Interdependent World

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Amuzegar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 1983

ISBN: 9781557750785

Keywords: opec, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, oil exports, oil exporting countries

Chapter III discussed the policy options and directions of the domestic investment strategy of the oil exporting developing countries and their individual country performances. The discussion sh...