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Belgium

Belgium »

Source: Belgium : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502381

Keywords: employment, unemployment, unemployment benefits

This 2011 Article IV Consultation reports that the vulnerability of Belgium's sovereign debt to market pressures makes credible medium-term fiscal consolidation a priority. The 2012 budget includes sizable consolid...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Background Paper and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1995/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451837209

Keywords: gas, wage, minimum wage, wages

This Background Paper and Statistical Appendix for Turkmenistan examines the developments since November 1993, when the manat was introduced as the national currency. Developments in the real sector and systemic re...

Statement by Kai Aaen Hansen, Executive Director for Denmark

Statement by Kai Aaen Hansen, Executive Director for Denmark »

Source: Denmark : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 1999/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451811032

Keywords: unemployment, employment, fiscal policy, public finances, tax rates

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Danish economy continued to perform well in 1997-98. Real GDP growth of about 3 percent remained above potential and unemployment fell to 6 percent, less than h...

France: 2013 Article IV Consultation

France: 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: France : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475571868

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, structural fiscal, fiscal adjustment, tax incentives, tax wedge

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights that in a context of weakening economic conditions in Europe and sizeable fiscal consolidation and domestic policy uncertainty, the French economy flat lined in 2012. Ho...

Statement by Mr. Hervé de Villeroché, Executive Director for France—July 29, 2013

Statement by Mr. Hervé de Villeroché, Executive Director for France—July 29, 2013 »

Source: France : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475571868

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, structural fiscal, fiscal adjustment, tax incentives, tax wedge

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights that in a context of weakening economic conditions in Europe and sizeable fiscal consolidation and domestic policy uncertainty, the French economy flat lined in 2012. Ho...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451837216

Keywords: gas, minimum wage, interest rates, benefits, pollution

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1992-96. There was a general strengthening of centralized controls during 1993-95 to protect international reserves. Monetary and exchange rate polici...

Slovenia

Slovenia »

Source: Slovenia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/19

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 1998

ISBN: 9781451835601

Keywords: foreign exchange, wages, wage, bank of slovenia, banking

This paper reviews economic developments in the Republic of Slovenia during 1990-97. Output began to recover in 1993, and by 1996, Slovenia's GDP was back to its pre-independence level. Domestic demand was the main...

Denmark: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Denmark: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Denmark : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 1999/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451811032

Keywords: unemployment, employment, fiscal policy, public finances, tax rates

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Danish economy continued to perform well in 1997-98. Real GDP growth of about 3 percent remained above potential and unemployment fell to 6 percent, less than h...

Ukraine

Ukraine »

Source: Ukraine : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/21

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 March 1996

ISBN: 9781451838916

Keywords: gas, wages, wage, benefits, payroll

This paper reviews economic developments in Ukraine during 1991-95. In October 1994, Ukraine finally embarked upon a comprehensive program of economic reform and stabilization. Although the efforts made in late 199...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...