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Belize
			: Climate Change Policy Assessment

Belize : Climate Change Policy Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2018/329

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385517.002

ISBN: 9781484385517

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Belize

Belize is exceptionally vulnerable to natural disasters and climate change. It already faces hurricanes, flooding, sea level rise, coastal erosion, coral bleaching, and droughts, with impacts likely to intensify gi...

Small States Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change - Role for the IMF

Small States Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change - Role for the IMF »

Source: Small States Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change - Role for the IMF

Volume/Issue: 2016/038

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2016

ISBN: 9781498345095

Keywords: Climatic changes, Debt sustainability, Developing countries, Emergency assistance, External shocks, Financial sector, Fiscal policy, Fund role, Monetary policy, Small states

Small developing states are disproportionately vulnerable to natural disasters. On average, the annual cost of disasters for small states is nearly 2 percent of GDP-more than four times that for larger countries. T...

Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean

Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean : Stocktaking and Policy Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2015/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriel Di Bella , Lawrence Norton , Joseph Ntamatungiro , Sumiko Ogawa , Issouf Samaké , and Marika Santoro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2015

ISBN: 9781484365366

Keywords: Energy Subsidies, Latin America and the Caribbean, energy, electricity, prices, fuel, oil, General,

The oil price decline creates an opportunity to dismantle energy subsidies, which escalated with high oil prices. This paper assesses energy subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean-about 1.8 percent of GDP in...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Selected Issues

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513551395

Keywords: Export competitiveness, Export performance, Fiscal policy, Fiscal sustainability, Selected Issues Papers, Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of, environment, trade, incentives, values

This Selected Issues paper analyzes export competitiveness in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYR Macedonia). Export performance in FYR Macedonia has been strong over the last decade, critically contribu...

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Volume/Issue: 2013/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781498342391

Keywords: Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Subsidies, Social safety nets, Consumer subsidies, Economic growth, Government expenditures, Oil exporting countries, energy subsidy

Energy subsidies have wide-ranging economic consequences. While aimed at protecting consumers, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd-out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in...

Trinidad and Tobago: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Trinidad and Tobago: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Trinidad and Tobago : Selected Issues, Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1999/67

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451837599

Keywords: gas, lng, natural gas, million tons per annum, ammonia

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix reviews developments in the energy sector of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago during 1997-99, and assesses the outlook for energy-related industries. The paper...

Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment »

Source: Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Volume/Issue: 2002/008

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2002

ISBN: 9781498328838

Keywords: Article IV consultation procedure reviews, Exchange rate policy, Exchange rate policy surveillance, Multilateral surveillance, Staff-monitored programs, External sector, Economic conditions, International investment position, Economic integration, Regional economics

...

Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis*

Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis* »

Source: Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2019/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Matthew Kahn , Kamiar Mohaddes , Ryan Ng , M. Pesaran , Mehdi Raissi , and Jui-Chung Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514598

Keywords: Greenhouse gas emissions, Economic growth, Real sector, Economic cooperation, Economic indicators, Climate change, adaptation, counterfactual analysis., WP, historical norm

We study the long-term impact of climate change on economic activity across countries, using a stochastic growth model where labor productivity is affected by country-specific climate variables-defined as deviation...

Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Source: Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2008/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jingqing Chai , and Rishi Goyal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2008

ISBN: 9781451871159

Keywords: Corporate taxes, Developing countries, Eastern Caribbean Currency Union, Investment incentives, Foreign direct investment, Import tariffs, Tax policy, Tax competition, Concessions, Incentives

Tax concessions have been employed as a central component of the development strategy in the small island states comprising the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union. This paper compares the costs of concessions in term...

Angola: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Angola: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Angola : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2005/125

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451800531

Keywords: oil prices, oil production, oil companies

This Selected Issues paper on Angola reports that oil production in Angola accounts for about half of GDP and about 75 percent of government revenue. The projections for the government's fiscal position in the medi...