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International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty

International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty »

Source: International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty

Volume/Issue: 1992/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Herber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

ISBN: 9781451947847

Keywords: environmental externalities, environment, global environment facility, carbon tax, global warming

Traditional public finance theory may be applied to the internalization of international environmental externalities. The policy constraint imposed by the absence of sovereign international government may be partia...

Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty

Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty »

Source: Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty : Evidence From Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2011/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yifei Huang , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462305230

Keywords: financial development, property rights, dependent variable, gini coefficient, descriptive statistics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Financial Economics: General,

Recent studies on the relationship between financial development and poverty have been inconclusive. Some claim that, by allowing more entrepreneurs to obtain financing, financial development improves the allocatio...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Taxation of Petroleum Products

Taxation of Petroleum Products »

Source: Taxation of Petroleum Products : Theory and Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1994/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , and Walter Mahler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451979756

Keywords: petroleum products, fuel oil, automotive diesel, heavy fuel oil, petroleum prices

The domestic taxation of petroleum products is an important source of revenue in most countries. However, there is a wide variation of tax rates on petroleum products across countries, which cannot be explained by...

Technical Cooperation within the Third World

Technical Cooperation within the Third World »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...

Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment »

Source: Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Volume/Issue: 2002/008

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2002

ISBN: 9781498328838

Keywords: Article IV consultation procedure reviews, Exchange rate policy, Exchange rate policy surveillance, Multilateral surveillance, Staff-monitored programs, External sector, Economic conditions, International investment position, Economic integration, Regional economics

...

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Volume/Issue: 2013/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781498342391

Keywords: Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Subsidies, Social safety nets, Consumer subsidies, Economic growth, Government expenditures, Oil exporting countries, energy subsidy

Energy subsidies have wide-ranging economic consequences. While aimed at protecting consumers, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd-out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in...

After Paris: Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Global Climate Change

After Paris: Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Global Climate Change »

Source: After Paris : Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Global Climate Change

Volume/Issue: 2016/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mai Farid , Michael Keen , Michael Papaioannou , Ian Parry , Catherine Pattillo , and Anna Ter-Martirosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513506562

Keywords: Financial markets, Fiscal policy, Climate mitigation, climate finance, adaptation, climate, carbon, emissions, climate change, co

This paper discusses the implications of climate change for fiscal, financial, and macroeconomic policies. Most pressing is the use of carbon taxes (or equivalent trading systems) to implement the emissions mitigat...

Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis*

Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis* »

Source: Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2019/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Matthew Kahn , Kamiar Mohaddes , Ryan Ng , M. Pesaran , Mehdi Raissi , and Jui-Chung Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514598

Keywords: Greenhouse gas emissions, Economic growth, Real sector, Economic cooperation, Economic indicators, Climate change, adaptation, counterfactual analysis., WP, historical norm

We study the long-term impact of climate change on economic activity across countries, using a stochastic growth model where labor productivity is affected by country-specific climate variables-defined as deviation...

Small States Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change - Role for the IMF

Small States Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change - Role for the IMF »

Source: Small States Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change - Role for the IMF

Volume/Issue: 2016/038

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2016

ISBN: 9781498345095

Keywords: Climatic changes, Debt sustainability, Developing countries, Emergency assistance, External shocks, Financial sector, Fiscal policy, Fund role, Monetary policy, Small states

Small developing states are disproportionately vulnerable to natural disasters. On average, the annual cost of disasters for small states is nearly 2 percent of GDP-more than four times that for larger countries. T...