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Mineral Taxation, Market Failure, and the Environment

Mineral Taxation, Market Failure, and the Environment »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 40 No. 1

Volume: 40

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451956986

Keywords: employment, correlation, statistic, correlations, equation

The declines in economic activity experienced by Bulgaria, the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, and Romania in the period since market-oriented reforms were initiated are analyzed. After reviewing developments in...

Interest Rate Policy in Central and Eastern Europe

Interest Rate Policy in Central and Eastern Europe »

Source: Interest Rate Policy in Central and Eastern Europe : The Influence of Monetary Overhangs and Weak Enterprise Discipline

Volume/Issue: 1992/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1992

ISBN: 9781451848946

Keywords: interest rates, nominal interest rates, real interest rates, nominal interest rate

Interest rate policy in the newly reforming Central and Eastern European countries has generally been geared toward establishing positive real interest rates and defending the exchange rate. The principal instrumen...

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment »

Source: Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment : What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market

Volume/Issue: 2015/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , Ara Stepanyan , Jessie Yang , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513552170

Keywords: Export integration, structural reform, supply chain, new member states, environment, trade, incentives, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural contr...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Summary of WP/92/59

Summary of WP/92/59 »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/49 - WP/92/112)

Volume/Issue: 1993/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451841961

Keywords: environmental externalities, paper, environmental effects, environment

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Summary of WP/92/64

Summary of WP/92/64 »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/49 - WP/92/112)

Volume/Issue: 1993/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451841961

Keywords: environmental externalities, paper, environmental effects, environment

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

What Do We Know About Credit Booms?

What Do We Know About Credit Booms? »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451929805

Keywords: oil prices, oil market, oil sector, oil revenues, higher oil prices

IMF research summaries on (1) oil market developments and the global economy (by Selim Elekdag), and (2) credit booms (by Marco Terrones); country study on India (by Helene Poirson); call for papers for November 20...

Sixth Review of the Fund's Data Standards Initiatives

Sixth Review of the Fund's Data Standards Initiatives »

Source: Sixth Review of the Fund's Data Standards Initiatives

Volume/Issue: 2005/010

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2005

ISBN: 9781498331456

Keywords: General Data Dissemination System, Special Data Dissemination Standard, Financial statistics, External debt statistics, Oil producing countries, Government finance statistics, Financial crises, SDDS, data category, PRSP

The Data Standards Initiatives, the SDDS and the GDDS, have achieved the goals the Executive Board set in its Fifth Review of July 2003. The staff sees the next three years as a period of consolidating these gains...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Selected Issues

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513551395

Keywords: Export competitiveness, Export performance, Fiscal policy, Fiscal sustainability, Selected Issues Papers, Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of, environment, trade, incentives, values

This Selected Issues paper analyzes export competitiveness in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYR Macedonia). Export performance in FYR Macedonia has been strong over the last decade, critically contribu...

IMF Working Papers

IMF Working Papers »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, June 2007

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451929805

Keywords: oil prices, oil market, oil sector, oil revenues, higher oil prices

IMF research summaries on (1) oil market developments and the global economy (by Selim Elekdag), and (2) credit booms (by Marco Terrones); country study on India (by Helene Poirson); call for papers for November 20...