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25 Bulgaria

25 Bulgaria »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Bulgaria’s prereform economy, roughly before 1991, was a highly centralized state, similar to most countries of the former Soviet Union. With the radical liberalization and stabilization program adopted in F...

15 The Missing Pillar of a Growth Strategy for Ukraine: Reforms for Private Sector Development

15 The Missing Pillar of a Growth Strategy for Ukraine: Reforms for Private Sector Development »

Source: Ukraine : Accelerating the Transition to Market

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 1997

ISBN: 9781557756190

Keywords: wage, benefits, pension, wages, inflation

The King shall protect trade routes from harassment by courtiers, state officials, thieves and frontier guards and from being damaged by herds of cattle…. Frontier o...

9. Panel Discussion

9. Panel Discussion »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

Constantine Michalopoulos I would like to thank the Austrian National Bank and the IMF for organizing this seminar and for the opportunity to make a few remarks on the role of the Wo...

3 IMF-Supported Adjustment Programs in Central and Eastern Europe

3 IMF-Supported Adjustment Programs in Central and Eastern Europe »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction This paper explores the relationship between stabilization, economic growth, and systemic reform in Central and Eastern Europe. It draws on the experienc...

5. Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies: Credit Markets and Sustainable Growth

5. Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies: Credit Markets and Sustainable Growth »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction The transformation of centrally planned economies (CPEs) into well-functioning market economies is likely to be lengthy and complex. During the transitio...

6 The Choice of Future Exchange Rate Regime in the West Bank and Gaza

6 The Choice of Future Exchange Rate Regime in the West Bank and Gaza »

Source: The West Bank and Gaza : Economic Performance, Prospects, and Policies: Achieving Prosperity and Confronting Demographic Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2001

ISBN: 9781589060357

Keywords: employment, tfp, exchange rate, trucks, expenditure

An issue that has received considerable attention over the past few years is whether the Palestinian Authority (PA) should introduce its own currency and if so under what type of exchange rate regime....

4. Monetary Accounting and Analysis1

4. Monetary Accounting and Analysis1 »

Source: Financial Programming and Policy the Case of Turkey (Reprint) : The Case of Turkey (Reprint)

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 November 2005

ISBN: 9781557758750

Keywords: interest, debt, inflation, payments, central bank

a. Some basic concepts The monetary accounts are important because changes in liquidity can affect spending, output, and jobs, the average price level in the economy, and the balance...

4 The Transformation of a Socialist Economy: Lessons of German Unification

4 The Transformation of a Socialist Economy: Lessons of German Unification »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Economic Transformation: The Principal Tasks Last year’s euphoria about democratization and economic liberalization in Central and Eastern Europe has largely vanished...

6 Savings, Investment, and Growth in Eastern Europe

6 Savings, Investment, and Growth in Eastern Europe »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction The achievement of high and sustainable rates of economic growth is one of the primary objectives of the reform process currently under way in Eastern Eu...

7. Wages and Employment in the Transition to a Market Economy

7. Wages and Employment in the Transition to a Market Economy »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction The scale of the reform agenda in the erstwhile socialist economies and the complementary nature of policy changes make the ordering of reforms peculiarl...