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Taxation of Petroleum Products

Taxation of Petroleum Products »

Source: Taxation of Petroleum Products : Theory and Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1994/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , and Walter Mahler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451979756

Keywords: petroleum products, fuel oil, automotive diesel, heavy fuel oil, petroleum prices

The domestic taxation of petroleum products is an important source of revenue in most countries. However, there is a wide variation of tax rates on petroleum products across countries, which cannot be explained by...

Portfolio Credit Risk and Macroeconomic Shocks
			: Applications to Stress Testing Under Data-Restricted Environments

Portfolio Credit Risk and Macroeconomic Shocks : Applications to Stress Testing Under Data-Restricted Environments »

Volume/Issue: 2006/283

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miguel Segoviano Basurto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865431.001

ISBN: 9781451865431

Keywords: Portfolio credit risk measurement, macroeconomic shock measurement, multivariate density estimation, entropy distribution, credit risk, probability, equation, probabilities, Econometric and Statistical Methods: Other, Model Evaluation and Selection

Portfolio credit risk measurement is greatly affected by data constraints, especially when focusing on loans given to unlisted firms. Standard methodologies adopt convenient, but not necessarily properly specified...

Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages

Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages »

Source: Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages

Volume/Issue: 1996/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Thornton , and Alicia García-Herrero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

ISBN: 9781451942941

Keywords: interest rates, cointegration, statistics, granger causality, equation

This note examines interest rate linkages within the EMS. Cointegration tests suggest the existence of a long-run equilibrium relationship between German and other EMS interest rates. Bivariate VAR analysis finds t...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Source: Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Norway: Selected Issues

Norway: Selected Issues »

Source: Norway : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513503165

Keywords: oil, gas, oil and gas, oil prices, gas sector

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Norway's economy that has a maturing oil and gas industry. Norway's half century of good fortune from its oil and gas wealth may have peaked. Oil and gas production will continue...

Norway: Selected Issues

Norway: Selected Issues »

Source: Norway : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513503165

Keywords: oil, gas, oil and gas, oil prices, gas sector

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Norway's economy that has a maturing oil and gas industry. Norway's half century of good fortune from its oil and gas wealth may have peaked. Oil and gas production will continue...

Technical Assistance: IMF to Step Up Work with Donors to Boost Effectiveness of Assistance

Technical Assistance: IMF to Step Up Work with Donors to Boost Effectiveness of Assistance »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

IMF Technical Assistance: Budget Reform Holds Promise in Mozambique

IMF Technical Assistance: Budget Reform Holds Promise in Mozambique »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Fiscal Policy: Major Reforms for German Budget System

Fiscal Policy: Major Reforms for German Budget System »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...