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Hold Your Nose and Vote

Hold Your Nose and Vote »

Source: Hold Your Nose and Vote : Why Do Some Democracies Tolerate Corruption?

Volume/Issue: 2009/83

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Pani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872309

Keywords: Political Equilibrium, Public Expenditure, Constitution, voter, law, law enforcement, voters, election,

This paper analyses why corruption can persist for long periods in a democracy and inquires whether this can result from a well-informed rational choice of the citizens. By applying a citizen-candidate model of rep...

Summary of WP/92/87

Summary of WP/92/87 »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/49 - WP/92/112)

Volume/Issue: 1993/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451841961

Keywords: environmental externalities, paper, environmental effects, environment

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery

Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery »

Source: Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery

Volume/Issue: 2011/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward , and Sebastian Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463903510

Keywords: Growth, Crisis, Recovery, Euro zone, domestic demand, trade channels, transmission of shocks, external shocks,

Can positive growth shocks from the faster-growing countries in Europe spill over to the slower growing countries, providing useful tailwinds to their recovery process? This study investigates the potential relevan...

Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages

Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages »

Source: Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages

Volume/Issue: 1996/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Thornton , and Alicia García-Herrero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

ISBN: 9781451942941

Keywords: interest rates, cointegration, statistics, granger causality, equation

This note examines interest rate linkages within the EMS. Cointegration tests suggest the existence of a long-run equilibrium relationship between German and other EMS interest rates. Bivariate VAR analysis finds t...

Summary of WP/92/56

Summary of WP/92/56 »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/49 - WP/92/112)

Volume/Issue: 1993/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451841961

Keywords: environmental externalities, paper, environmental effects, environment

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Raising Resources for IDA: The Eighth Replenishment - Changes in key policies; higher financing

Raising Resources for IDA: The Eighth Replenishment - Changes in key policies; higher financing »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1987

Volume/Issue: 24/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1987

ISBN: 9781616353704

Keywords: environment, trade, environments, development, industrialization

The enhancement of the IMF's structural adjustment facility is discussed. In its April 1987 meeting, the IMF's Interim Committee highlighted the plight of low-income countries, and outlined a strategy for their rec...

Research Conference: IMF Sharpens Exchange Rate Views at Research Gathering

Research Conference: IMF Sharpens Exchange Rate Views at Research Gathering »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Recent Activity—International Monetary Fund

Recent Activity—International Monetary Fund »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1970

ISBN: 9781616353001

Keywords: human environment, environment, environmental problem, environmental impact

This paper analyzes the impact of economic development on the environment. The paper highlights that the environmental impact of the industrial process includes everything from the effects of withdrawing the inputs...

Technical Assistance: IMF to Step Up Work with Donors to Boost Effectiveness of Assistance

Technical Assistance: IMF to Step Up Work with Donors to Boost Effectiveness of Assistance »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...