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FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

Azerbaijan Republic: Selected Issues

Azerbaijan Republic: Selected Issues »

Source: Azerbaijan Republic : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/17

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451802665

Keywords: natural gas, oil products, oil prices, petroleum products, gas prices

This Selected Issues paper on Azerbaijan Republic reports that the government has made substantial progress in dealing with energy-related subsidies. The domestic market for oil products has been tightly regulated...

Islamic Republic of Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2010/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451981803

Keywords: electricity, energy policy, energy efficiency, electricity production, petroleum products

This Selected Issues paper discusses the economics of energy price reform in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Economic policies in Iran have traditionally relied on the abundant availability of energy at a low price t...

Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy

Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy »

Source: Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy

Volume/Issue: 2012/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adil Mohommad , Anoop Singh , and Sonali Jain-Chandra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937089

Keywords: institutions, law, property rights, regulatory burden, institutional development, income tax rate, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Worldwide protests against the perceived lack of economic opportunity and failure of governance have refocused attention on the need for inclusive growth and strong institutions. In developing countries, large info...

Ukraine: Selected Issues

Ukraine: Selected Issues »

Source: Ukraine : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/47

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451839098

Keywords: energy, tariffs, energy sector, international monetary fund

This Selected Issues paper analyses the impact that rising energy import prices might have on growth and inflation in Ukraine. The paper examines how rising gas prices might elevate macrofiscal risks in Ukraine's s...

Understanding the Investment Climate

Understanding the Investment Climate »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2005

Volume/Issue: 42/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451953909

Keywords: trading system, global trading, freer trade, press, facsimile

This paper highlights that the current round of trade talks under the auspices of the World Trade Organization aims at better integrating developing countries-especially the small and poor ones-into the global trad...

The Revenue Decline in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

The Revenue Decline in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451952681

Keywords: gas, oil and gas, gas projects, oil and gas sector, gas sector

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Aid Spurs Growth-in a Sound Policy Environment

Aid Spurs Growth-in a Sound Policy Environment »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1997

Volume/Issue: 34/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451951905

Keywords: privatization, capital markets, capital market, capital market development, capital outflows

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Source: Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...