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Public Policy and the Enviroment

Public Policy and the Enviroment »

Source: Public Policy and the Enviroment : Survey of the Literature

Volume/Issue: 1990/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1990

ISBN: 9781451968057

Keywords: environmental degradation, pollution, environment, environmental protection, environmental problems

This paper notes that market failure, policy failures, and population pressures are major sources of environmental degradation and that linkages between economic activities and the environment exist at the levels o...

Tax Policy and the Environment

Tax Policy and the Environment »

Source: Tax Policy and the Environment : Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 1994/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Nellor , and Ronald McMorran

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451947083

Keywords: environment, pollution, environmental damage, gas, coal

This paper provides a framework for examining environment taxes. It reviews the theoretical efficiency of three types of environment taxes: taxes on emissions or Pigouvian taxes; taxes on productive inputs or consu...

Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages

Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages »

Source: Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages

Volume/Issue: 1996/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Thornton , and Alicia García-Herrero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

ISBN: 9781451942941

Keywords: interest rates, cointegration, statistics, granger causality, equation

This note examines interest rate linkages within the EMS. Cointegration tests suggest the existence of a long-run equilibrium relationship between German and other EMS interest rates. Bivariate VAR analysis finds t...

World Economy in Transition International Capital Markets Update

World Economy in Transition International Capital Markets Update »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Raising Resources for IDA: The Eighth Replenishment - Changes in key policies; higher financing

Raising Resources for IDA: The Eighth Replenishment - Changes in key policies; higher financing »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1987

Volume/Issue: 24/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1987

ISBN: 9781616353704

Keywords: environment, trade, environments, development, industrialization

The enhancement of the IMF's structural adjustment facility is discussed. In its April 1987 meeting, the IMF's Interim Committee highlighted the plight of low-income countries, and outlined a strategy for their rec...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Overcoming Agricultural Water Pollution in the European Union

Overcoming Agricultural Water Pollution in the European Union »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451952230

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, public spending, government expenditure

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery

Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery »

Source: Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery

Volume/Issue: 2011/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward , and Sebastian Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463903510

Keywords: Growth, Crisis, Recovery, Euro zone, domestic demand, trade channels, transmission of shocks, external shocks,

Can positive growth shocks from the faster-growing countries in Europe spill over to the slower growing countries, providing useful tailwinds to their recovery process? This study investigates the potential relevan...

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter? »

Source: Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2011/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Weber , and Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902315

Keywords: coordinated fiscal exit, fiscal changes, fiscal consolidation, fiscal measure, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook, general Aggregative Models,

The paper assesses the impact of fiscal spillovers on growth in the context of a coordinated exit from crisis management policies. We find that despite potentially sizeable domestic effects from consolidation, aggr...

Recent Activity–International Monetary Fund

Recent Activity–International Monetary Fund »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...