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How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514000.086

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Growth in the near term remains subdued for oil exporters in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region, amid volatile oil prices, precarious global growth, elevated fiscal vulnerabilit...

II Islamic Banking in the Islamic Republic of Iran and in Pakistan

II Islamic Banking in the Islamic Republic of Iran and in Pakistan »

Source: Islamic Banking

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Abbas Mirakhor , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1987

ISBN: 9780939934829

Keywords: banking, banking system, islamic banking, law, state bank

All Muslim countries have practiced Islamic credit arrangements to varying degrees. Interest-free banks have also been operating in several non-Muslim countries. The experiences of the Islamic Republic of Ir...

Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan

Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, October 2015

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513528526

Keywords: environment, oil, oil prices, prices, exporters

Population, millions (2014) GDP per capita, U.S. dollars (2014) Sources: IMF Regional Economic Outlook database; and Microsoft Map Land. Note: Th...

Summary of WP/92/97

Summary of WP/92/97 »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/49 - WP/92/112)

Volume/Issue: 1993/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451841961

Keywords: environmental externalities, paper, environmental effects, environment

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Growth and Adjustment in South Asia: Lessons from four countries

Growth and Adjustment in South Asia: Lessons from four countries »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1987

Volume/Issue: 24/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1987

ISBN: 9781616353704

Keywords: environment, trade, environments, development, industrialization

The enhancement of the IMF's structural adjustment facility is discussed. In its April 1987 meeting, the IMF's Interim Committee highlighted the plight of low-income countries, and outlined a strategy for their rec...

Table of Contents for Volume 9 (1972)

Table of Contents for Volume 9 (1972) »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...

Recent Activity—International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Development Association, and International Finance Corporation

Recent Activity—International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Development Association, and International Finance Corporation »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1970

ISBN: 9781616353001

Keywords: human environment, environment, environmental problem, environmental impact

This paper analyzes the impact of economic development on the environment. The paper highlights that the environmental impact of the industrial process includes everything from the effects of withdrawing the inputs...

Rehabilitating watersheds: Reforestation, though necessary, is only part of a broader development strategy to preserve watershed environments

Rehabilitating watersheds: Reforestation, though necessary, is only part of a broader development strategy to preserve watershed environments »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1982

Volume/Issue: 19/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1982

ISBN: 9781616353483

Keywords: bank loans, government expenditures, structural adjustment, bank management

This paper highlights that important changes have been made in the World Bank's management systems since Mr. A. W. Clausen became President in July 1981. The changes reflect Mr. Clausen's belief that there needs to...

World Bank Reorganization

World Bank Reorganization »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1987

Volume/Issue: 24/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1987

ISBN: 9781616353704

Keywords: environment, trade, environments, development, industrialization

The enhancement of the IMF's structural adjustment facility is discussed. In its April 1987 meeting, the IMF's Interim Committee highlighted the plight of low-income countries, and outlined a strategy for their rec...