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Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment »

Source: Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Volume/Issue: 2002/008

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2002

ISBN: 9781498328838

Keywords: Article IV consultation procedure reviews, Exchange rate policy, Exchange rate policy surveillance, Multilateral surveillance, Staff-monitored programs, External sector, Economic conditions, International investment position, Economic integration, Regional economics

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Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Source: Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

Sixth Review of the Fund's Data Standards Initiatives

Sixth Review of the Fund's Data Standards Initiatives »

Source: Sixth Review of the Fund's Data Standards Initiatives

Volume/Issue: 2005/010

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2005

ISBN: 9781498331456

Keywords: General Data Dissemination System, Special Data Dissemination Standard, Financial statistics, External debt statistics, Oil producing countries, Government finance statistics, Financial crises, SDDS, data category, PRSP

The Data Standards Initiatives, the SDDS and the GDDS, have achieved the goals the Executive Board set in its Fifth Review of July 2003. The staff sees the next three years as a period of consolidating these gains...

Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms

Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Central America has made substantial progress in recent years in moving economic reforms forward and deepening regional and global integration. As result of these efforts, the region has experienced higher growth,...

3 Domestic Lending in Foreign Currency

3 Domestic Lending in Foreign Currency »

Source: Building Strong Banks Through Surveillance and Resolution

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Dewitt Marston , and Michael Taylor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589060432

Keywords: banking, loans, restructuring, debt, asset management

The availability of foreign currency loans to domestic borrowers has expanded as a natural result of increased global liquidity and the liberalization of domestic fi...

Chapter 6. Mitigation and Fuel Pricing in Developing Economies*

Chapter 6. Mitigation and Fuel Pricing in Developing Economies* »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Low- and lower-middle-income countries contribute only about 12 percent of glob...

chapter 5 Central American Customs Union and Challenges for Tax and Customs Administration

chapter 5 Central American Customs Union and Challenges for Tax and Customs Administration »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction In December 2007, the governments of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua signed the Framework Agreement for the Establishment of the Central Amer...

Chapter 2. Roads Less Traveled: Growth in Emerging Market and Developing Economies in a Complicated External Environment

Chapter 2. Roads Less Traveled: Growth in Emerging Market and Developing Economies in a Complicated External Environment »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2017 : Gaining Momentum?

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564655

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, Income inequality, National income, Distribution of income, External activities, Gross domestric product growth, Growth acceleration, Growth deceleration, Output growth, Economic integration

Emerging market and developing economies have become increasingly important in the global economy in recent years. They now account for more than 75 percent of global growth in output and consum...

STATISTICAL APPENDIX

STATISTICAL APPENDIX »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

The Statistical Appendix presents historical data, as well as projections. It comprises five sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, and Statistical Tables....

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

Assumptions The statistical tables in this appendix have been compiled on the basis of information available on April 11, 1994. The estimates and projections for 1994 and 1995, as we...