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Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries
			: Earmarked Revenue Versus Tax Autonomy

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries : Earmarked Revenue Versus Tax Autonomy »

Volume/Issue: 2008/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giorgio Brosio , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869330.001

ISBN: 9781451869330

Keywords: taxation, property tax, tax administration, tax collections

A weakness of decentralization and overall tax reforms in Latin America is the lack of attention to adequate taxation at the subnational government. A reliance on shared taxes with extensive earmarking leads to wea...

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries »

Source: Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries : Earmarked Revenue Versus Tax Autonomy

Volume/Issue: 2008/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giorgio Brosio , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869330

Keywords: taxation, property tax, tax administration, tax collections

A weakness of decentralization and overall tax reforms in Latin America is the lack of attention to adequate taxation at the subnational government. A reliance on shared taxes with extensive earmarking leads to wea...

Climate and Air Pollution
			:  - future challenges for the Nordic countries in relation to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and the EU

Climate and Air Pollution : - future challenges for the Nordic countries in relation to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and the EU »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Peringe Grennfelt , and Øystein Hov

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289318716

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate, Air Group, Long-Range Transport, Air Pollution, Multi-Pollutant and Effect Approach, Climate Change

The Climate and Air Group under Nordic Council of Ministers supports the work within the Convention on Long-Range Transport of Air Pollution (CLRTAP). It has promoted science and policy tools including atmospheric...

Ghana

Ghana »

Source: Ghana : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: 2006 Annual Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2009/237

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451815023

Keywords: pregnant women, service delivery, hiv/aids, primary education, maternal mortality

This paper presents key findings of the assessment of progress made in the implementation of policies outlined in the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS II, 2006-2009) for Ghana. The paper provides an asse...

Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry

Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry »

Source: Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry

Volume/Issue: 1998/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451951547

Keywords: Loan Market, Barriers to Entry, Spatial Competition, competition, banking, banking industry, barrier to entry, mergers

The paper analyzes the effects of informational asymmetries on the market structure of the banking industry in a multi-period model of spatial competition. All lenders face uncertainty with regard to borrowers&#x20...

External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries

External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries »

Source: External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sheku Bangura , Robert Powell , and Damoni Kitabire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451859959

Keywords: external debt management, HIPCs, low-income countries, debt unit, central bank, Low Income Developing Countries,

Improving debt management capacity in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs) is a key element of the international community’s strategy for ensuring a robust and sustained exit from unsustainable debt burde...

Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment

Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment »

Source: Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment

Volume/Issue: 2011/296

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Changchang Zhang , Abdoul Wane , and Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2011

ISBN: 9781463927301

Keywords: crude oil, fossil fuel, renewable energy, carbon emissions, fossil fuels, Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources, Energy: General, Alternative Energy Sources, Renewable Resources And Conservation,

This paper fills a gap in the macroeconomic literature on renewable sources of energy. It offers a definition of green investment and analyzes the trends and determinants of this investment over the last decade for...

Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific

Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific »

Source: Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific

Volume/Issue: 2015/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , Leni Hunter , Patrizia Tumbarello , Kazuaki Washimi , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513525792

Keywords: natural disasters, climate change, panel VAR, disaster risk management, disasters, disaster, natural disaster, damage, Environment and Growth, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Natural disasters and climate change are interrelated macro-critical issues affecting all Pacific small states to varying degrees. In addition to their devastating human costs, these events damage growth prospects...

Crop Insurance, Creditworthiness, and Development

Crop Insurance, Creditworthiness, and Development »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1970

ISBN: 9781616353001

Keywords: human environment, environment, environmental problem, environmental impact

This paper analyzes the impact of economic development on the environment. The paper highlights that the environmental impact of the industrial process includes everything from the effects of withdrawing the inputs...

Letters

Letters »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1989

Volume/Issue: 26/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451951752

Keywords: environment, fossil fuels, carbon dioxide, global warming, environmental challenge

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...