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5 Pressing Ahead with Trade Openness

5 Pressing Ahead with Trade Openness »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2009 : A Development Emergency

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 27 April 2009

ISBN: 9780821378595

Keywords: Developing countries, Global Monitoring Report, health care, trade facilitation, financial sector, financial services, international trade

External competitiveness and access to international markets are paramount for poor countries to realize the development promise of international trade. Pressing ahead with trade openness is a powerful means...

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence »

Source: Trade Integration and Political Turbulence : Environmental Policy Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2001/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451856965

Keywords: political instability, lobbying, uncertainty, environmental regulations, environmental policy, trade integration, environmental policies, economic integration, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

This paper seeks to contribute to the unresolved issue of the effect of economic integration on environmental policy. In particular, we discuss the joint impact of trade openness and political uncertainty. Our theo...

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter? »

Source: Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2011/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Weber , and Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902315

Keywords: coordinated fiscal exit, fiscal changes, fiscal consolidation, fiscal measure, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook, general Aggregative Models,

The paper assesses the impact of fiscal spillovers on growth in the context of a coordinated exit from crisis management policies. We find that despite potentially sizeable domestic effects from consolidation, aggr...

The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments

The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments »

Source: The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments

Volume/Issue: 2010/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , and Sophia Gollwitzer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

ISBN: 9781455205233

Keywords: Macroeconomic Commitment Institutions, Political-Economic Institutions, inflation, central bank, monetary fund, monetary union, The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy, Other Economic Systems: Other

This paper analyzes the institutional conditions affecting the establishment and effectiveness of independent central banks and of budgetary institutions. It draws on the recent theory developed by North, Wallis an...

Interest Rate Determination in Lebanon

Interest Rate Determination in Lebanon »

Source: Interest Rate Determination in Lebanon

Volume/Issue: 2006/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tushar Poddar , Mangal Goswami , Juan Sole , and Victor Echévarria Icaza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863543

Keywords: eurobonds, international reserves, deposit rates, eurobond

This paper seeks to understand how interest rates are formed in Lebanon, by focusing on the pass-through from benchmark rates, prevailing liquidity conditions, and the main characteristics of the Lebanese economy,...

Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries

Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries »

Source: Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aidar Abdychev , La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul , Andrew Jonelis , Lamin Leigh , Ashwin Moheeput , Friska Parulian , Ara Stepanyan , and Albert Touna Mama

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484328439

Keywords: Growth, potential growth&;amp;#x2026;, environment, debt, productivity growth, economics, trade, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Forecasting and Simulation, One

Many small middle-income countries (SMICs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have experienced a moderation in growth in recent years. Although factor accumulation, most notably capital deepening, was crucial to the succe...

High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues

High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues »

Source: High Level Status Report to the IEO Evaluation of Fund's Recurring Issues

Volume/Issue: 2017/012

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2017

ISBN: 9781498347044

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Accounting, Accounting systems, Agricultural subsidies, Agriculture, Anti-money laundering, Arrears policy, Balance sheets, Budgeting, Budgets

This is a high-level report on progress in addressing recurring issues identified by the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO). The Board endorsed the proposal in the Chairman's Summing Up for the Independent Evaluat...

Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment: Options for Swaziland

Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment: Options for Swaziland »

Source: Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

The Kingdom of Swaziland (hereinafter 'Swaziland') is a small, open economy bordering Mozambique and South Africa with a population of 1.1 million people. It is a landlocked country with an economy heavily dependen...

Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple From Oil Prices Across the Pond?1

Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple From Oil Prices Across the Pond?1 »

Source: Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple From Oil Prices Across the Pond?

Volume/Issue: 2011/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reinout De Bock , and Jose Gijon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455266449

Keywords: Gas exporters, Energy economics, Vector autoregressions, gas prices, oil prices, gas exports, gas price, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation, Open Economy Macroeconomics

We show that US natural gas prices have decoupled from oil prices following substantial institutional and technological changes. We then examine how this interrelationship has evolved in Europe using data for Alger...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Babacar Sarr , Mokhtar Benlamine , and Zsuzsa Munkacsi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513513768

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Bankruptcy, Banks, Basket of currency peg, Capital, Capital accumulation, Capital flows, Capital formation, Commodity markets, Commodity prices

This paper studies the macroeconomic effects and sequencing of (LMRs) and product (PMRs) market reforms in Morocco. It finds that introducing LMRs and PMRs simultaneously would add about 2.5 percentage points (pp)...