Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
October 2003
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Appendices
Appendix I. 2001 SIMSDI Update: Cross-Country Comparison Tables

This appendix provides detailed cross-country tables, which augment the tables presented in the text.

Conventions Used

In Tables 147, the following conventions have been used:

or Y = Yes

X or N = No

NA = Not applicable.

Shaded cells indicate OECD countries.

“Other unidentified countries” comprise the five countries that participated in the 2001 SIMSDI update for which details of their compilation practices are available only to national compilers and staff of international organizations, namely, Brazil, China, El Salvador, India, and Lithuania.

List of Tables

Country metadata are available on the IMF website (http://www.imf.org/external/np/sta/di/mdb97.htm).

1. Data Reported to International Organizations: Transactions Data

2. Data Reported to International Organizations: Position Data

3. Periodicity of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Transactions Data Disseminated

4. Periodicity of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated

5. Timeliness of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Transactions Data Disseminated

6. Timeliness of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated

7. Primary Data Sources: Most Timely Transactions Data Disseminated

8. Primary Data Sources: Most Comprehensive Transactions Data Disseminated

9. Primary Data Sources: Most Timely Position Data Disseminated

10. Primary Data Sources: Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated

11. Geographic Breakdowns: Availability of Data for Direct Investment Income, Financial Flows, and Position Data

12. Geographic Breakdowns: Basis for Allocating Country Data

13. Industrial Sector Breakdowns: Availability of Data for Direct Investment Income, Financial Flows, and Position Data

14. Industrial Sector Breakdowns: Basis for Allocating Industry Data

15. Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investment Enterprises Resident in the Reporting Economy (Inward FDI): Transactions Data

16. Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investment Enterprises Resident in the Reporting Economy (Inward FDI): Position Data

17. Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investors Resident in the Reporting Economy (Outward FDI): Transactions Data

18. Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investors Resident in the Reporting Economy (Outward FDI): Position Data

19. Treatment of Indirectly Owned Direct Investment Enterprises: Transactions Data

20. Treatment of Indirectly Owned Direct Investment Enterprises: Position Data

21. Measurement of Direct Investment Earnings: Application of the Current Operating Performance Concept (COPC): Inward Data

22. Measurement of Direct Investment Earnings: Application of the Current Operating Performance Concept (COPC): Outward Data

23. Direct Investment Income: Elements Included in the Disseminated Transactions Data

24. Direct Investment Income: Time of Recording in Inward Transactions Data

25. Direct Investment Income: Time of Recording in Outward Transactions Data

26. Direct Investment Income on Debt (Interest): Items Covered in Inward Transactions Data

27. Direct Investment Income on Debt (Interest): Items Covered in Outward Transactions Data

28. Direct Investment Equity Capital: Items Covered in Transactions Data

29. Direct Investment Equity Capital and Reinvested Earnings: Items Covered in Position Data

30. Direct Investment Other Capital: Items Covered in Inward Transactions Data

31. Direct Investment Other Capital: Items Covered in Outward Transactions Data

32. Direct Investment Other Capital: Items Covered in Inward Position Data

33. Direct Investment Other Capital: Items Covered in Outward Position Data

34. Treatment of Equity Capital and Other Capital Transactions Between Affiliated Banks and Between Affiliated Financial Intermediaries

35. Treatment of Equity Capital and Other Capital Positions Between Affiliated Banks and Between Affiliated Financial Intermediaries

36. Treatment of Reverse Investment When Direct Investment Enterprise Owns Less Than 10% of Its Direct Investor (FDI Relationship in One Direction Only): Transactions Data

37. Treatment of Reverse Investment When Direct Investment Enterprise Owns Less Than 10% of Its Direct Investor (FDI Relationship in One Direction Only): Position Data

38. Treatment of Reverse Investment When Direct Investment Enterprise Owns at Least 10% of Its Direct Investor (Two FDI Relationships Established): Transactions Data

39. Treatment of Reverse Investment When Direct Investment Enterprise Owns at Least 10% of Its Direct Investor (Two FDI Relationships Established): Position Data

40. Primary Method Used for Valuing Assets and Liabilities in FDI Position Data

41. Treatment of Quasi-Corporations Involving Construction Enterprises and Mobile Equipment: Transactions Data

42. Treatment of Quasi-Corporations Involving Construction Enterprises and Mobile Equipment: Position Data

43. Treatment of Ownership of Land and Buildings in FDI Transactions and Position Data

44. Treatment of Offshore Enterprises in FDI Transactions and Position Data

45. Treatment of Special Purpose Entities (SPEs) in FDI Transactions Data

46. Treatment of Special Purpose Entities (SPEs) in FDI Position Data

47. Treatment of Expenditure on Natural Resources Exploration in FDI Transactions and Position Data

Table 1.Data Reported to International Organizations: Transactions Data
Inward Transactions DataOutward Transactions Data
Direct investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flows
CountryIncome on equity (dividends)Reinvested earningsIncome on debt (interest)Equity capitalOther capitalIncome on equity (dividends)Reinvested earningsIncome on debt (interest)Equity capitalOther capital
Argentina
X
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Bolivia
XXX
Botswana
Canada
Chile
X
X
X
X
Colombia
X
X
X
X
Costa Rica
Croatia
Czech Republic
DenmarkXXX
XXX
Ecuador
X
XXXXX
Estonia
Finland
France
X
X
Germany
Greece
X
X
Guatemala
X
XX
Hong Kong SAR
Hungary
X
X
Iceland
Indonesia
X
XXXXX
Ireland
IsraelX
X
X
X
Italy
X
X
Japan
Kazakhstan
XXX
Korea
X
KuwaitXXX
XXXX
X
Latvia
Luxembourg1NANANANANANANANANANA
Malaysia
X
XX
X
XX
Mexico
XXXXX
Netherlands
New Zealand2
Nigeria
XXX
XXXXX
Norway
X
Peru
X
XXX
X
Philippines
X
X
Poland
Portugal
Russia
SingaporeXXX
XXX
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
X
X
X
X
South Africa
X
X
Spain
X
X
Sweden
Switzerland
ThailandXXX
XXX
X
Tunisia
XX
XX
X
Turkey
X
X
XX
X
United Kingdom
United States
OECDY = 28Y = 24Y = 25Y = 29Y = 28Y = 27Y = 23Y = 23Y = 28Y = 27
countries (30)N = 1N = 5N = 4N = 0N = 1N = 2N = 6N = 6N = 1N = 2
NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1
OtherY = 22Y = 18Y = 15Y = 24Y = 21Y = 17Y = 13Y = 11Y = 20Y = 12
identifiedN = 4N = 8N = 11N = 2N = 5N = 9N = 13N = 15N = 6N = 14
countries (26)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
OtherY = 4Y = 3Y = 2Y = 5Y = 3Y = 3Y = 1Y = 2Y = 5Y = 3
unidentifiedN = 1N = 2N = 3N = 0N = 2N = 2N = 4N = 3N = 0N = 2
countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
Total (61)Y = 54Y = 45Y = 42Y = 58Y = 52Y = 47Y = 37Y = 36Y = 53Y = 42
N = 6N = 15N = 18N = 2N = 8N = 13N = 23N = 24N = 7N = 18
NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Luxembourg: The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

New Zealand:To prevent data for individual respondents from being identified in the statistics, it is sometimes necessary to suppress some breakdowns of direct investment income and financial flows.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Luxembourg: The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

New Zealand:To prevent data for individual respondents from being identified in the statistics, it is sometimes necessary to suppress some breakdowns of direct investment income and financial flows.

Table 2.Data Reported to International Organizations: Position Data
Inward Position DataOutward Position Data
CountryEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capital
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Bolivia
1
Botswana
Canada
ChileXXXX
Colombia
2
X
X
Costa RicaXXXX
CroatiaXXXX
Czech Republic
Denmark
EcuadorXXXX
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
GuatemalaXXXX
Hong Kong SAR
Hungary
2
2
Iceland
IndonesiaXXXX
IrelandXXXX
Israel
Italy
Japan
Kazakhstan
2
KoreaXXXX
KuwaitXXXX
Latvia
Luxembourg
MalaysiaXXXX
Mexico
XX
Netherlands
New Zealand
NigeriaXXXX
Norway
Peru
X
2
X
PhilippinesXXXX
Poland
Portugal
Russia
Singapore
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
South Africa
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
ThailandX
2
X
TunisiaX
2
X
TurkeyXXXX
United Kingdom
United States
OECD countries (30)Y = 27Y = 27Y = 26Y = 26
N = 3N = 3N = 4N = 4
NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
Other identified countries (26)Y = 14Y = 14Y = 16Y = 12
N = 12N = 12N = 10N = 14
NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
Other unidentified countries (5)Y = 4Y = 3Y = 3Y = 1
N = 1N = 2N = 2N = 4
NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
Total (61)Y = 45Y = 44Y = 45Y = 39
N = 16N = 17N = 16N = 22
NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Bolivia: Data cover reinvested earnings only.

Colombia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Peru, Thailand, and Tunisia: Data cover equity capital only.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Bolivia: Data cover reinvested earnings only.

Colombia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Peru, Thailand, and Tunisia: Data cover equity capital only.

Table 3.Periodicity of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Transactions Data Disseminated
Periodicity of Most Timely Transactions DataPeriodicity of Most Comprehensive Transactions Data
InwardOutwardInwardOutward
CountryDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flows
ArgentinaQQQQQQQQ
AustraliaQQQQQQQQ
AustriaM/Q1MM/Q1MAAAA
BelgiumM/A2MM/A2MNANANANA
BoliviaQQQNANANANANA
BotswanaAAAAAAAA
CanadaQQQQNANANANA
ChileQQQQAAAA
ColombiaQQQQQQQQ
Costa RicaQQQQNANANANA
CroatiaQQQQNANANANA
Czech RepublicQ/A3QQ/A3QAAAA
DenmarkNAMNAMNANANANA
EcuadorQQNANAAANANA
EstoniaQQQQNANANANA
FinlandQMQMAAAA
FranceMMMMNANANANA
GermanyMMMMNANANANA
GreeceQQQQNANANANA
GuatemalaQQQNANANANANA
Hong Kong SARQQQQNANANANA
HungaryMMMMNANANANA
IcelandQQQQAAAA
IndonesiaQQNANANANANANA
IrelandQQQQNANANANA
IsraelQQQQNANANANA
ItalyMMMMMMMM
JapanMMMMNANANANA
KazakhstanQQNAQNANANANA
KoreaMMMMNANANANA
KuwaitNAANAANAANAA
LatviaQQQQNANANANA
Luxembourg4NANANANANANANANA
MalaysiaQNAQNANANANANA
MexicoQQNANAAANANA
NetherlandsMMMMNANANANA
New ZealandQQQQNANANANA
NigeriaAANANANANANANA
NorwayM/A5MM/A6MNANANANA
PeruQQNAAAANANA
PhilippinesMMMMA7NANANA
PolandMMMMAAAA
PortugalMMMMNANANANA
RussiaQQQQNANANANA
SingaporeNAQNAQNAANAA
Slovak RepublicMMMMQQQQ
SloveniaM/A8MM/A8MNANANANA
South AfricaQQQQNANANANA
SpainQMQMNAQNANA
SwedenMMMMANAANA
SwitzerlandQ/A9QQ/A9QA7AA9A
ThailandNAMNAMNANANANA
TunisiaAAAANANANANA
TurkeyMMMMNANANANA
United KingdomQQQQAAAA
United StatesQQQQNANANANA
OECDM = 1510M = 18M = 1510M = 18M = 1M = 1M = 1M = 1
countries (30)Q = 1410Q = 11Q = 1310Q = 10Q = 2Q = 3Q = 2Q = 2
A = 410A = 0A = 410A = 0A = 9A = 8A = 8A = 7
NA = 210NA = 1NA = 310NA = 2NA = 18NA = 18NA = 19NA = 20
OtherM = 210M = 3M = 210M = 3M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
identifiedQ = 1810Q = 18Q = 1410Q = 13Q = 2Q = 2Q = 2Q = 2
countries (26)A = 410A = 4A = 310A = 4A = 5A = 6A = 2A = 4
NA = 310NA = 1NA = 810NA = 6NA = 19NA = 18NA = 22NA = 20
OtherM = 1M = 1M = 1M = 1M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
unidentifiedQ = 2Q = 3Q = 2Q = 3Q = 0Q = 0Q = 0Q = 0
countries (5)SA = 1SA = 1SA = 1SA = 1SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
A = 0A = 0A = 0A = 0A = 0A = 1A = 0A = 1
NA = 1NA = 0NA = 1NA = 0NA = 5NA = 4NA = 5NA = 4
Total (61)M = 1810M = 22M = 1810M = 22M = 1M = 1M = 1M = 1
Q = 3410Q = 32Q = 2910Q = 26Q = 4Q = 5Q = 4Q = 4
SA = 110SA = 1SA = 110SA = 1SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
A = 810A = 4A = 710A = 4A = 14A = 15A = 10A = 12
NA = 610NA = 2NA = 1210NA = 8NA = 42NA = 40NA = 46NA = 44
M = Monthly.Q = Quarterly.SA = Semiannual.A = Annual.Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Austria: M = income on equity and income on debt. Q = reinvested earnings.

Belgium: M = income on equity and income on debt. A = reinvested earnings.

Czech Republic: Q = reinvested earnings. A = income on equity and income on debt.

Luxembourg: The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Norway: M = reinvested earnings. A = income on equity and income on debt.

Norway: M = reinvested earnings. A = income on equity. (Data on income on debt are not compiled at present.)

Philippines and Switzerland: Data cover reinvested earnings only.

Slovenia: M = income on equity. A = reinvested earnings. (Data on income on debt are not compiled at present.)

Switzerland: Q = income on equity and income on debt. A = reinvested earnings.

Data will not add to totals as some countries have different periodicities for the different components of their most timely FDI income data.

M = Monthly.Q = Quarterly.SA = Semiannual.A = Annual.Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Austria: M = income on equity and income on debt. Q = reinvested earnings.

Belgium: M = income on equity and income on debt. A = reinvested earnings.

Czech Republic: Q = reinvested earnings. A = income on equity and income on debt.

Luxembourg: The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Norway: M = reinvested earnings. A = income on equity and income on debt.

Norway: M = reinvested earnings. A = income on equity. (Data on income on debt are not compiled at present.)

Philippines and Switzerland: Data cover reinvested earnings only.

Slovenia: M = income on equity. A = reinvested earnings. (Data on income on debt are not compiled at present.)

Switzerland: Q = income on equity and income on debt. A = reinvested earnings.

Data will not add to totals as some countries have different periodicities for the different components of their most timely FDI income data.

Table 4.Periodicity of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated
Periodicity of Most Timely Position DataPeriodicity of Most Comprehensive Position Data
InwardOutwardInwardOutward
CountryEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capital
ArgentinaQQQQAAQQ
AustraliaQQQQQQQQ
AustriaAAAANANANANA
BelgiumAAAANANANANA
BoliviaAAA1NANANANANA
BotswanaAAAAAAAA
CanadaAAAANANANANA
ChileNANANANANANANANA
ColombiaSANASA2NANANANANA
Costa RicaNANANANANANANANA
CroatiaNANANANANANANANA
Czech RepublicQQQQAAAA
DenmarkAAAANANANANA
EcuadorNANANANANANANANA
EstoniaQQQQNANANANA
FinlandQQQQAAAA
FranceAAAAAAAA
GermanyAAAANANANANA
GreeceAAAANANANANA
GuatemalaNANANANANANANANA
Hong Kong SARAAAANANANANA
HungaryM2MM2MNANANANA
IcelandQQQQAAAA
IndonesiaNANANANANANANANA
IrelandNANANANANANANANA
IsraelQQQQNANAAA
ItalyAAAANANANANA
JapanAAAANANANANA
KazakhstanQQQ2QNANANANA
KoreaNANANANANANANANA
KuwaitNANANANANANANANA
LatviaQQQQNANANANA
LuxembourgAAAANANANANA
MalaysiaNANANANANANANANA
MexicoAANANANANANANA
NetherlandsAAAANANANANA
New ZealandQQQQNANANANA
NigeriaNANANANANANANANA
NorwayAAAANANANANA
PeruQNAA2NAQNANANA
PhilippinesNANANANANANANANA
PolandAAAANANANANA
PortugalQ and AQ and AQ and AQ and ANANANANA
RussiaQ3Q3Q3Q3NANANANA
SingaporeAAAANANANANA
Slovak RepublicAAAANANANANA
SloveniaAAAANANANANA
South AfricaAAAANANANANA
SpainQQQQNANANANA
SwedenAAAAAAAA
SwitzerlandAAAANANANANA
ThailandNAAA2NANANANANA
TunisiaNAAA2NANANANANA
TurkeyNANANANANANANANA
United KingdomQQQQAAAA
United StatesAAAANANANANA
OECDM = 14M = 14M = 14M = 14M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
countries (30)Q = 84Q = 84Q = 84Q = 84Q = 1Q = 1Q = 1Q = 1
SA = 04SA = 04SA = 04SA = 04SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
A = 194A = 194A = 184A = 184A = 6A = 6A = 6A = 6
NA = 34NA = 34NA = 44NA = 44NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23
OtherM = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
identifiedQ = 7Q = 6Q = 6Q = 6Q = 1Q = 0Q = 1Q = 1
countries (26)SA = 1SA = 0SA = 1SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
A = 6A = 8A = 9A = 5A = 2A = 2A = 2A = 2
NA = 12NA = 12NA = 10NA = 15NA = 23NA = 24NA = 23NA = 23
OtherM = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
unidentifiedQ = 2Q = 2Q = 1Q = 1Q = 0Q = 0Q = 0Q = 0
countries (5)SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
A = 2A = 1A = 2A = 0A = 0A = 0A = 0A = 0
NA = 1NA = 2NA = 2NA = 4NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5
Total (61)M = 14M = 14M = 14M = 14M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
Q = 174Q = 164Q = 154Q = 154Q = 2Q = 1Q = 2Q = 2
SA = 14SA = 04SA = 14SA = 04SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
A = 274A = 284A = 294A = 234A = 8A = 8A = 8A = 8
NA = 164NA = 174NA = 164NA = 234NA = 51NA = 52NA = 51NA = 51
M = Monthly.Q = Quarterly.SA = Semiannual.A = Annual.Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Bolivia: Data cover reinvested earnings only.

Colombia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Peru, Thailand, and Tunisia: Data cover equity capital only.

Russia: Data cover the banking sector only.

Data will not add to totals as one country has more than one periodicity for its most timely data.

M = Monthly.Q = Quarterly.SA = Semiannual.A = Annual.Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Bolivia: Data cover reinvested earnings only.

Colombia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Peru, Thailand, and Tunisia: Data cover equity capital only.

Russia: Data cover the banking sector only.

Data will not add to totals as one country has more than one periodicity for its most timely data.

Table 5.Data Reported to International Organizations: Transactions Data
Timeliness of Most Timely Transactions DataTimeliness of Most Comprehensive Transactions Data
InwardOutwardInwardOutward
CountryDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flows
Argentina3M3M3M3M18-24M18-24M18-24M18-24M
Australia9W9W9W9W22W22W22W22W
Austria6-7W/3M16-7W6-7W/3M16-7W6M6M6M6M
Belgium12-20W/9M212-20W12-20W/9M212-20WNANANANA
Bolivia2M2M2MNANANANANA
Botswana1M1M1M1M9M9M9M9M
Canada8W8W8W8WNANANANA
Chile23D23D23D23D9M9M9M9M
Colombia3M3M3M3M9M9M9M9M
Costa Rica10W10W10W10WNANANANA
Croatia3M3M3M3MNANANANA
Czech Republic10-11W10-11W10-11W10-11W14M14M4M14M
DenmarkNA8WNA8WNANANANA
Ecuador70D70DNANA70D70DNANA
Estonia12W12W2W12WNANANANA
Finland3M6W3M6W9M9M9M9M
France6W6W6W6WNANANANA
Germany6W6W6W6WNANANANA
Greece12W12W12W12WNANANANA
Guatemala3M3M3MNANANANANA
Hong Kong SAR3M3M3M3MNANANANA
Hungary7W7W7W7WNANANANA
Iceland10W10W10W10W10M10M10M10M
Indonesia6M6MNANANANANANA
Ireland3M3M3M3MNANANANA
Israel4W4W4W4WNANANANA
Italy6W6W6W6W12W12W12W12W
Japan6W6W6W6WNANANANA
Kazakhstan3M3MNA3MNANANANA
Korea1-2M1-2M1-2M1-2MNANANANA
KuwaitNA4MNA4MNA6MNA6M
Latvia3M3M3M3MNANANANA
Luxembourg3NANANANANANANANA
Malaysia4MNA4MNANANANANA
Mexico8W8WNANA12M12MNANA
Netherlands12W12W12W12WNANANANA
New Zealand13W13W13W13WNANANANA
Nigeria1M1MNANANANANANA
Norway7W/9M47W7W/15M47WNANANANA
Peru8W8WNA30M18M18MNANA
Philippines3M3M3M3M12MNANANA
Poland1M1M1M1M9M9M9M9M
Portugal6W6W6W6WNANANANA
Russia3M3M3M3MNANANANA
SingaporeNA2MNA2MNA15MNA15M
Slovak Republic3M3M3M3M6M6M6M6M
Slovenia7W7W7W7WNANANANA
South Africa12W12W12W12WNANANANA
Spain12W8W12W8WNA6MNANA
Sweden7W7W7W7W11MNA11MNA
Switzerland3M3M3M3M9M9M9M9M
ThailandNA2MNA2MNANANANA
Tunisia6M6M6M6MNANANANA
Turkey10W10W10W10WNANANANA
United Kingdom12W12W12W12W50W50W50W50W
United States10W10W10W10WNANANANA
OECD–3M = 185–3M = 21–3M = 175–3M = 20–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
countries (30)3–6M = 1153–6M = 83–6M = 1153–6M = 83–6M = 43–6M = 53–6M = 43–6M = 4
6–12M = 256–12M = 06–12M = 156–12M = 06–12M = 76–12M = 66–12M = 66–12M = 5
12+M = 0512+M = 012+M = 1512+M = 012+M = 112+M = 112+M = 112+M = 1
NA = 25NA = 1NA = 35NA = 2NA = 18NA = 18NA = 19NA = 20
Other–3M = 9–3M = 11–3M = 6–3M = 7–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 0–3M = 0
identified3–6M = 143–6M = 143–6M = 123–6M = 123–6M = 03–6M = 13–6M = 03–6M = 1
countries (26)6–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 46–12M = 36–12M = 36–12M = 3
12+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 112+M = 212+M = 312+M = 112+M = 2
NA = 3NA = 1NA = 8NA = 6NA = 19NA = 18NA = 22NA = 20
Other–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
unidentified3–6M = 33–6M = 43–6M = 33–6M = 43–6M = 03–6M = 03–6M = 03–6M = 0
countries (5)6–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 0
12+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 112+M = 012+M = 1
NA = 1NA = 0NA = 1NA = 0NA = 5NA = 4NA = 5NA = 4
Total (61)–3M = 285–3M = 33–3M = 245–3M = 28–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 0–3M = 0
3–6M = 2853–6M = 263–6M = 2653–6M = 243–6M = 43–6M = 63–6M = 43–6M = 5
6–12M = 256–12M = 06–12M = 156–12M = 06–12M = 116–12M = 96–12M = 96–12M = 8
12+M = 0512+M = 012+M = 1512+M = 112+M = 312+M = 512+M = 212+M = 4
NA = 65NA = 2NA = 125NA = 8NA = 42NA = 40NA = 46NA = 44
–3M = Timeliness of less than 3 months; i.e., less than 12 weeks.3–6M = Timeliness of 3 to 6 months.6–12M = Timeliness of more than 6 months to 12 months.12+M = Timeliness of more than 12 months.Source: 2001 update of joint 1MF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Austria: 6–7 weeks for the data on income on equity and income on debt and 3 months for the data on reinvested earnings.

Belgium: 12–20 weeks for the data on income on equity and income on debt and 9 months for the data on reinvested earnings.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo–Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Norway: 7 weeks for the data on reinvested earnings, 9 months for the inward data on income on equity and income on debt, and 15 months for the outward data on income on equity. (Outward data on income on debt [interest] are not compiled.)

Data will not add to totals as some countries have differing timeliness for the different components of their most timely FDI income data.

–3M = Timeliness of less than 3 months; i.e., less than 12 weeks.3–6M = Timeliness of 3 to 6 months.6–12M = Timeliness of more than 6 months to 12 months.12+M = Timeliness of more than 12 months.Source: 2001 update of joint 1MF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Austria: 6–7 weeks for the data on income on equity and income on debt and 3 months for the data on reinvested earnings.

Belgium: 12–20 weeks for the data on income on equity and income on debt and 9 months for the data on reinvested earnings.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo–Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Norway: 7 weeks for the data on reinvested earnings, 9 months for the inward data on income on equity and income on debt, and 15 months for the outward data on income on equity. (Outward data on income on debt [interest] are not compiled.)

Data will not add to totals as some countries have differing timeliness for the different components of their most timely FDI income data.

Table 6.Timeliness of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated
Timeliness of Most Timely Position DataTimeliness of Most Comprehensive Position Data
InwardOutwardInwardOutward
CountryEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capital
Argentina3M3M3M3M18–24M18–24M18–24M18–24M
Australia9W9W9W9W22W22W22W22W
Austria18M18M18M18MNANANANA
Belgium9M9M9M9MNANANANA
Bolivia6M6M6MNANANANANA
Botswana1M1M1M1M9M9M9M9M
Canada10W10W10W10WNANANANA
ChileNANANANANANANANA
Colombia6MNA6MNANANANANA
Costa RicaNANANANANANANANA
CroatiaNANANANANANANANA
Czech Republic12–14W12–14W12–14W12–14W16M16M16M16M
Denmark40–52W40–52W40–52W40–52WNANANANA
EcuadorNANANANANANANANA
Estonia12W12W12W12WNANANANA
FinlandApprox.3MApprox.3M11W11W9M9M9M9M
France6M6M6M6M18M18M18M18M
Germany17M17M17M17MNANANANA
Greece36W36W36W36WNANANANA
GuatemalaNANANANANANANANA
Hong Kong SAR12M12M12M12MNANANANA
Hungary7W7W7W7WNANANANA
Iceland10W10W10W10W10M10M10M10M
IndonesiaNANANANANANANANA
IrelandNANANANANANANANA
Israel4M4M4M4MNANA6M6M
Italy4.5M4.5M4.5M4.5MNANANANA
Japan5M5M5M5MNANANANA
Kazakhstan3M3M3M3MNANANANA
KoreaNANANANANANANANA
KuwaitNANANANANANANANA
LatviaApprox.3MApprox. 3MApprox. 3MApprox. 3MNANANANA
Luxembourg18M18M18M18MNANANANA
MalaysiaNANANANANANANANA
Mexico12M12MNANANANANANA
Netherlands9M9M9M9MNANANANA
New Zealand13W13W13W13WNANANANA
NigeriaNANANANANANANANA
Norway9M9M15M15MNANANANA
Peru8WNA30MNA18MNANANA
PhilippinesNANANANANANANANA
Poland9M9M9M9MNANANANA
Portugal7–8W7–8W7–8W7–8WNANANANA
Russia3M3M3M3MNANANANA
Singapore6M6M6M6MNANANANA
Slovak Republic6M6M6M6MNANANANA
Slovenia6M6M6M6MNANANANA
South Africa12M12M12M12MNANANANA
Spain4M4M4M4MNANANANA
Sweden6W6W6W6W11M11M11M11M
Switzerland12M12M12M12MNANANANA
ThailandNA6M6MNANANANANA
TunisiaNA6M6MNANANANANA
TurkeyNANANANANANANANA
United Kingdom12W12W12W12W50W50W50W50W
United States6M6M6M6MNANANANA
OECD–3M = 6–3M = 6–3M = 7–3M = 7–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
countries (30)3-6M = 103-6M = 103-6M = 93-6M = 93-6M = 13-6M = 13-6M = 13-6M = 1
6-12M = 86-12M = 86-12M = 66-12M = 66-12M = 46-12M = 46-12M = 46-12M = 4
12+M = 312+M = 312+M = 412+M = 412+M = 212+M = 212+M = 212+M = 2
NA = 3NA = 3NA = 4NA = 4NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23
Other–3M = 2–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
identified3-6M = 103-6M = 113-6M = 123-6M = 83-6M = 03-6M = 03-6M = 13-6M = 1
countries (26)6-12M = 26-12M = 26-12M = 26-12M = 26-12M = 16-12M = 16-12M = 16-12M = 1
12+M = 012+M = 012+M = 112+M = 012+M = 212+M = 112+M = 112+M = 1
NA = 12NA = 12NA = 10NA = 15NA = 23NA = 24NA = 23NA = 23
Other–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
unidentified3-6M = 33-6M = 23-6M = 23-6M = 13-6M = 03-6M = 03-6M = 03-6M = 0
countries (5)6-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 0
12+M = 112+M = 112+M = 112+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 0
NA = 1NA = 2NA = 2NA = 4NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5
Total (61)–3M = 8–3M = 7–3M = 8–3M = 8–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
3-6M = 233-6M = 233-6M = 233-6M = 183-6M = 13-6M = 13-6M = 23-6M = 2
6-12M =106-12M =106-12M = 86-12M = 86-12M = 56-12M = 56-12M = 56-12M = 5
12+M = 412+M = 412+M = 612+M = 412+M = 412+M = 312+M = 312+M = 3
NA = 16NA = 17NA = 16NA = 23NA = 51NA = 52NA = 51NA = 51
–3M = Timeliness of less than 3 months; i.e., less than 12 weeks.3-6M = Timeliness of 3 to 6 months.6-12M = Timeliness of more than 6 months to 12 months.12+M = Timeliness of more than 12 months.Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI)
–3M = Timeliness of less than 3 months; i.e., less than 12 weeks.3-6M = Timeliness of 3 to 6 months.6-12M = Timeliness of more than 6 months to 12 months.12+M = Timeliness of more than 12 months.Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI)
Table 7.Primary Data Sources: Most Timely Transactions Data Disseminated
Enterprise SurveysInternational Transactions Reporting System (ITRS)Exchange Control or Investment Approval AuthoritiesBilateral SourcesOther (Published Sources, Press Reports, etc.)
CountryInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutward
Argentina
XXXXXX
1
1
Australia
XXXXXX
2
2
Austria
3
3
XXXXXX
BelgiumXX
XXXXXX
Bolivia
XXXXXXXX
Botswana
XXXXXXXX
Canada
XXXXXXXX
ChileXXXX
XX
1
1
ColombiaXXXX
XXXX
Costa Rica
XXXXXXXX
Croatia
XXXXXXXX
Czech RepublicXXXX
XXXX
Denmark
3
3
XXXXXX
Ecuador
NAXNAXNAXNA
4
NA
Estonia
XXXXXXXX
Finland
XXXXXXXX
FranceXX
XXXXXX
GermanyXX
XXXXXX
GreeceXX
XXXXXX
GuatemalaXXXX
XX
5
5
Hong Kong SAR
XXXXXXXX
HungaryXX
XXXXXX
IcelandXXXXXXXX
6
6
IndonesiaXNAXNAXNAXNA
7
NA
Ireland
XXXXXXXX
IsraelXX
XXXXXX
Italy
XXXXXX
Japan
XXXXXX
Kazakhstan
XXXXXX
8
X
KoreaXXXX
XXXX
KuwaitXX
XXXXXX
Latvia
XXXXXX
9
10
Luxembourg11NANANANANANANANANANA
Malaysia
XXXXXXXX
MexicoXNAXNA
NAXNAXNA
Netherlands
3
3
XXXXXX
New Zealand
XXXXXXXX
Nigeria
NAXNAXNAXNAXNA
Norway
12
12
XXXXXX
Peru
XXXXXXXX
Philippines
XXXX
13
X
PolandXX
XXXXXX
Portugal
14
14
XXXXXX
Russia
XX
15
15
Singapore
XXXXXXXX
Slovak Republic
XXXXXX
16
16
Slovenia
XXXXXX
South Africa
XXXXXXXX
SpainXX
XXXXXX
SwedenXX
XXXX
17
17
Switzerland
XXXXXXXX
ThailandXX
XXXXXX
TunisiaXX
XXXX
18
X
TurkeyXX
XXXXXX
United Kingdom
XXXXXXXX
United States
XXXXXXXX
OECDY = 16Y = 16Y = 16Y = 16Y = 3Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 4Y = 4
countries (30)N = 13N = 12N = 13N = 12N = 26N = 26N = 29N = 28N = 25N = 24
NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2
OtherY = 18Y = 16Y = 6Y = 6Y = 4Y = 4Y = 1Y = 1Y = 10Y = 5
identifiedN = 8N = 7N = 20N = 17N = 22N = 19N = 25N = 22N = 16N = 18
countries (26)NA = 0NA = 3NA = 0NA = 3NA = 0NA = 3NA = 0NA = 3NA = 0NA = 3
OtherY = 2Y = 2Y = 3Y = 3Y = 2Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
unidentifiedN = 3N = 3N = 2N = 2N = 3N = 3N = 5N = 5N = 5N = 5
countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
Total (61)Y = 36Y = 34Y = 25Y = 25Y = 9Y = 8Y = 1Y = 1Y = 14Y = 9
N = 24N = 22N = 35N = 31N = 51N = 48N = 59N = 55N = 46N = 47
NA = 1NA = 5NA = 1NA = 5NA = 1NA = 5NA = 1NA = 5NA = 1NA = 5
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Argentina and Chile: Published sources, such as company accounts.

Australia: Press reports are used when estimating for nonresponse to enterprise surveys.

Austria, Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, and Slovenia: Surveys are used only for data on reinvested earnings.

Ecuador: Information obtained from Ministry of Mines and Superintendence of Companies.

Guatemala: Company reports are used for the data on reinvested earnings.

Iceland: Company accounts and press reports.

Indonesia: Data from the External Debt Report and estimates based on a 1996 benchmark survey.

Kazakhstan: Information from the Ministry of Finance on sales of shares and real estate belonging to government authorities.

Latvia: Inward Data: Information from the Financial and Capital Market Commission and the State Enterprise register.

Latvia: Outward Data: Banking data compiled by the Bank of Latvia.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Norway: Surveys are used only for data on FDI income.

Philippines:Administrative data on registered loans.

Portugal: Biennial surveys are used for the revised data on reinvested earnings and trade credits.

Russia: Reports of banks and data provided by the Russian Federal Fund of Property.

Slovak Republic: Reports of banks.

Sweden: Direct reporting of selected enterprises.

Tunisia: Customs data on noncash transactions.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Argentina and Chile: Published sources, such as company accounts.

Australia: Press reports are used when estimating for nonresponse to enterprise surveys.

Austria, Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, and Slovenia: Surveys are used only for data on reinvested earnings.

Ecuador: Information obtained from Ministry of Mines and Superintendence of Companies.

Guatemala: Company reports are used for the data on reinvested earnings.

Iceland: Company accounts and press reports.

Indonesia: Data from the External Debt Report and estimates based on a 1996 benchmark survey.

Kazakhstan: Information from the Ministry of Finance on sales of shares and real estate belonging to government authorities.

Latvia: Inward Data: Information from the Financial and Capital Market Commission and the State Enterprise register.

Latvia: Outward Data: Banking data compiled by the Bank of Latvia.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Norway: Surveys are used only for data on FDI income.

Philippines:Administrative data on registered loans.

Portugal: Biennial surveys are used for the revised data on reinvested earnings and trade credits.

Russia: Reports of banks and data provided by the Russian Federal Fund of Property.

Slovak Republic: Reports of banks.

Sweden: Direct reporting of selected enterprises.

Tunisia: Customs data on noncash transactions.

Table 8.Primary Data Sources: Most Comprehensive Transactions Data Disseminated
Enterprise SurveysInternational Transactions Reporting System (ITRS)Exchange Control or Investment Approval AuthoritiesBilateral SourcesOther (Published Sources, Press Reports, etc.)
CountryInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutward
Argentina
XXXXXX
1
1
Australia
XXXXXXXX
Austria
XXXXXXXX
BelgiumNANANANANANANANANANA
BoliviaNANANANANANANANANANA
Botswana
XXXXXXXX
CanadaNANANANANANANANANANA
Chile
XX
XXXX
ColombiaXXXX
XXXX
Costa RicaNANANANANANANANANANA
CroatiaNANANANANANANANANANA
Czech Republic
XXXXXXXX
DenmarkNANANANANANANANANANA
Ecuador
NAXNAXNAXNA
2
NA
EstoniaNANANANANANANANANANA
Finland
XXXXXXXX
FranceNANANANANANANANANANA
GermanyNANANANANANANANANANA
GreeceNANANANANANANANANANA
GuatemalaNANANANANANANANANANA
Hong Kong SARNANANANANANANANANANA
HungaryNANANANANANANANANANA
Iceland
XXXXXXXX
IndonesiaNANANANANANANANANANA
IrelandNANANANANANANANANANA
IsraelNANANANANANANANANANA
Italy
3
3
XXXXXX
JapanNANANANANANANANANANA
KazakhstanNANANANANANANANANANA
KoreaNANANANANANANANANANA
KuwaitXX
XXXXXX
LatviaNANANANANANANANANANA
Luxembourg4NANANANANANANANANANA
MalaysiaNANANANANANANANANANA
Mexico
NAXNAXNAXNAXNA
NetherlandsNANANANANANANANANANA
New ZealandNANANANANANANANANANA
NigeriaNANANANANANANANANANA
NorwayNANANANANANANANANANA
Peru
NAXNAXNAXNAXNA
PhilippinesXNAXNAXNAXNA
5
NA
Poland
XXXXXXXX
PortugalNANANANANANANANANANA
RussiaNANANANANANANANANANA
Singapore
XXXXXXXX
Slovak Republic
XXXXXXXX
SloveniaNANANANANANANANANANA
South AfricaNANANANANANANANANANA
SpainXNA
NAXNAXNA
6
NA
Sweden
XXXXXXXX
Switzerland
XXXXXXXX
ThailandNANANANANANANANANANA
TunisiaNANANANANANANANANANA
TurkeyNANANANANANANANANANA
United Kingdom
XXXXXXXX
United StatesNANANANANANANANANANA
OECDY = 12Y = 11Y = 2Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0
Primary Data Sources: Most Timely Transactions Da">countries (30)N = 1N = 0N = 11N = 10N = 13N = 11N = 13N = 11N = 12N = 11
NA = 17NA = 19NA = 17NA = 19NA = 17NA = 19NA = 17NA = 19NA = 17NA = 19
OtherY = 6Y = 4Y = 1Y = 1Y = 2Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 3Y = 1
identifiedN = 3N = 2N = 8N = 5N = 7N = 4N = 9N = 6N = 6N = 5
countries (26)NA = 17NA = 20NA = 17NA = 20NA = 17NA = 20NA = 17NA = 20NA = 17NA = 20
OtherY = 1Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
unidentifiedN = 0N = 0N = 1N = 1N = 1N = 1N = 1N = 1N = 1N = 1
countries (5)NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4
Total (61)Y = 19Y = 16Y = 3Y = 2Y = 2Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 4Y = 1
N = 4N = 2N = 20N = 16N = 21N = 16N = 23N = 18N = 19N = 17
NA = 38NA = 43NA = 38NA = 43NA = 38NA = 43NA = 38NA = 43NA = 38NA = 43
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Argentina: Company accounts.

Ecuador: Information obtained from the Ministry of Mines and the Superintendence of Companies.

Italy: Enterprise surveys are used only for the estimates of reinvested earnings.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Philippines: Company financial statements obtained from the Securities Exchange Commission.

Spain: Data on negotiable securities provided by the Ministry of Finance.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Argentina: Company accounts.

Ecuador: Information obtained from the Ministry of Mines and the Superintendence of Companies.

Italy: Enterprise surveys are used only for the estimates of reinvested earnings.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Philippines: Company financial statements obtained from the Securities Exchange Commission.

Spain: Data on negotiable securities provided by the Ministry of Finance.

Table 9.Primary Data Sources: Most Timely Position Data Disseminated
Enterprise SurveysInternational Transactions Reporting System (ITRS)Exchange Control or Investment Approval AuthoritiesBilateral SourcesOther (Published Sources, Press Reports, etc.)Use of Perpetual Inventory Method
CountryInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutward
Argentina
1
XXXXXXX
2
X
Australia
XXXXXXXXXX
Austria
3
3
XXXXXX
3
3
BelgiumXX
XXXXXX
Bolivia
1
1
XXXXXXXX
Botswana
XXXXXXXXXX
Canada
XXXXXXXXXX
ChileNANANANANANANANANANANANA
ColombiaXXXX
XXXX
Costa RicaNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
CroatiaNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
Czech RepublicXXXXXXXXXXX
Denmark
4
4
XXXXXX
4
4
EcuadorNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
Estonia
XXXXXXXXXX
Finland
5
5
XXXXXXXX
5
5
FranceXX
XXXX
6
X
Germany
XXXXXXXXXX
Greece
XXXXXXXX
7
7
GuatemalaNANANANANANANA
NANANANA
Hong Kong SAR
XXXXXXXXXX
HungaryXX
8
8
XXXX
9
X
8
8
IcelandXXXXXXXX
10
10
XX
IndonesiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
IrelandNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
IsraelXXXXXXXX
11
11
12
12
ItalyXX
XXXXXXX
Japan
XXXXXXXXXX
Kazakhstan
XXXXXXXXXX
KoreaNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
KuwaitNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
Latvia
XXXXXX
13
13
14
14
Luxembourg
XXXXXXXXXX
MalaysiaNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
Mexico
NAXNAXNAXXNAXNAX
Netherlands
XXXXXXX
New Zealand
XXXXXXXXXX
NigeriaNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
Norway
XXXXXXXXXX
PeruX
1
XXXXXXXX
PhilippinesNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
Poland
XXXXXXXXXX
Portugal
15
15
XXXXXXX
RussiaXXXXXXXX
16
16
XX
Singapore
XXXXXXXXXX
Slovak Republic
XXXXXXXXXX
Slovenia
XXXXXXXXX×
South Africa
XXXXXXXXX×
SpainXX
17
17
XXXX
18
18
17
17
Sweden
XXXXXXXX
19
19
Switzerland
XXXXXXXXXX
ThailandXX
XXXXXX
TunisiaXX
XXXXX
TurkeyNANANANANANANANANANANANA
United Kingdom
XXXXXXXX
20
20
United States
XXXXXXXX
21
21
OECDY = 20Y = 19Y = 9Y = 9Y = 1Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 4Y = 2Y = 15Y = 15
countries (30)N = 7N = 7N = 18N = 17N = 26N = 25N = 27N = 26N = 23N = 24N = 12N = 11
NA = 3NA = 4NA = 3NA = 4NA = 3NA = 4NA = 3NA = 4NA = 3NA = 4NA = 3NA = 4
OtherY = 10Y = 11Y = 2Y = 2Y = 3Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 3Y = 4Y = 8Y = 7
identifiedN = 6N = 5N = 14N = 14N = 13N = 14N = 16N = 16N = 13N = 12N = 8N = 9
countries (26)NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10
OtherY = 4Y = 3Y = 1Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0
unidentifiedN = 0N = 0N = 3N = 3N = 3N = 3N = 4N = 3N = 4N = 3N = 3N = 3
countries (5)NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2
Total (61)Y = 34Y = 33Y = 12Y = 11Y = 5Y = 3Y = 0Y = 0Y = 7Y = 6Y = 24Y = 22
N = 13N = 12N = 35N = 34N = 42N = 42N = 47N = 45N = 40N = 39N = 23N = 23
NA = 14NA = 16NA = 14NA = 16NA = 14NA = 16NA = 14NA = 16NA = 14NA = 16NA = 14NA = 16
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru: Surveys of transactions, not positions.

Argentina: Balance sheets of a sample of enterprises.

Austria: ITRS and perpetual inventory method used for real estate only.

Denmark: ITRS and perpetual inventory method used for preliminary estimates only.

Finland: Enterprise surveys for equity capital and reinvested earnings are of transactions, not positions. Perpetual inventory method used for data on equity capital and reinvested earnings only.

France: Internal and external databases.

Greece: Perpetual inventory method used for preliminary estimates only.

Hungary: ITRS and perpetual inventory method used for the data disseminated by the National Bank of Hungary.

Hungary: Corporation tax declarations used for the data disseminated by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office.

lceland: Company accounts and press reports.

Israel: Direct reporting system covering the banking sector and data from the Bank Supervisor.

Israel: Perpetual inventory method used for banking sector data only.

Latvia: Data from Financial and Capital Market Commission and State Enterprise Register for inward data and banking statistics from the Bank of Latvia for the outward data.

Latvia: Perpetual inventory method used for only parts of the data.

Portugal: Biennial survey used for the final data only.

Russia: Data obtained from banks.

Spain: ITRS and perpetual inventory method are used for nonbanking sectors only.

Spain: Balance sheets of banks for the banking sector data.

Sweden: Perpetual inventory method used for adjusting the survey data for the previous year.

United Kingdom: Perpetual inventory method used for the equity capital data only.

United States: Perpetual inventory method used for the data compiled on a current cost basis only.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru: Surveys of transactions, not positions.

Argentina: Balance sheets of a sample of enterprises.

Austria: ITRS and perpetual inventory method used for real estate only.

Denmark: ITRS and perpetual inventory method used for preliminary estimates only.

Finland: Enterprise surveys for equity capital and reinvested earnings are of transactions, not positions. Perpetual inventory method used for data on equity capital and reinvested earnings only.

France: Internal and external databases.

Greece: Perpetual inventory method used for preliminary estimates only.

Hungary: ITRS and perpetual inventory method used for the data disseminated by the National Bank of Hungary.

Hungary: Corporation tax declarations used for the data disseminated by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office.

lceland: Company accounts and press reports.

Israel: Direct reporting system covering the banking sector and data from the Bank Supervisor.

Israel: Perpetual inventory method used for banking sector data only.

Latvia: Data from Financial and Capital Market Commission and State Enterprise Register for inward data and banking statistics from the Bank of Latvia for the outward data.

Latvia: Perpetual inventory method used for only parts of the data.

Portugal: Biennial survey used for the final data only.

Russia: Data obtained from banks.

Spain: ITRS and perpetual inventory method are used for nonbanking sectors only.

Spain: Balance sheets of banks for the banking sector data.

Sweden: Perpetual inventory method used for adjusting the survey data for the previous year.

United Kingdom: Perpetual inventory method used for the equity capital data only.

United States: Perpetual inventory method used for the data compiled on a current cost basis only.

Table 10.Primary Data Sources: Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated
Enterprise SurveysInternational Transactions Reporting System (ITRS)Exchange Control or Investment Approval AuthoritiesBilateral SourcesOther (Published Sources, Press Reports, etc.)Use of Perpetual Inventory Method
CountryInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutward
ArgentinaXXXXXXXX
1
1
XX
Australia
XXXXXXXXXX
AustriaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
BelgiumNANANANANANANANANANANANA
BoliviaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
Botswana
XXXXXXXXXX
CanadaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
ChileNANANANANANANANANANANANA
ColombiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
Costa RicaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
CroatiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
Czech Republic
XXXXXXXXXX
DenmarkNANANANANANANANANANANANA
EcuadorNANANANANANANANANANANANA
EstoniaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
Finland
XXXXXXXXXX
France
2
2
XXXXXX
3
3
XX
GermanyNANANANANANANANANANANANA
GreeceNANANANANANANANANANANANA
GuatemalaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
Hong Kong SARNANANANANANANANANANANANA
HungaryNANANANANANANANANANANANA
Iceland
XXXXXXXXXX
IndonesiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
IrelandNANANANANANANANANANANANA
IsraelNAXNAXNAXNAXNA
4
NAX
ItalyNANANANANANANANANANANANA
JapanNANANANANANANANANANANANA
KazakhstanNANANANANANANANANANANANA
KoreaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
KuwaitNANANANANANANANANANANANA
LatviaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
LuxembourgNANANANANANANANANANANANA
MalaysiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
MexicoNANANANANANANANANANANANA
NetherlandsNANANANANANANANANANANANA
New ZealandNANANANANANANANANANANANA
NigeriaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
NorwayNANANANANANANANANANANANA
PeruXNAXNA
NAXNA
NA
PhilippinesNANANANANANANANANANANANA
PolandNANANANANANANANANANANANA
PortugalNANANANANANANANANANANANA
RussiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
SingaporeNANANANANANANANANANANANA
Slovak RepublicNANANANANANANANANANANANA
SloveniaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
South AfricaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
SpainNANANANANANANANANANANANA
Sweden
XXXXXXXXXX
SwitzerlandNANANANANANANANANANANANA
ThailandNANANANANANANANANANANANA
TunisiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
TurkeyNANANANANANANANANANANANA
United Kingdom
XXXXXXXXXX
United StatesNANANANANANANANANANANANA
OECDY = 7Y = 7Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0
countries (30)N = 0N = 0N = 7N = 7N = 7N = 7N = 7N = 7N = 6N = 6N = 7N = 7
NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23
OtherY = 1Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 2Y = 1Y = 0
identifiedN = 2N = 2N = 3N = 3N = 2N = 3N = 3N = 3N = 2N = 1N = 2N = 3
countries (26)NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23
OtherY = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
unidentifiedN = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0
countries (5)NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5
Total (61)Y = 8Y = 8Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 2Y= 3Y = 1Y = 0
N = 2N = 2N = 10N = 10N = 9N = 10N =10N = 10N = 8N = 7N = 9N = 10
NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Argentina: Company balance sheets.

France: Enterprise surveys are used for the data on other capital only.

France: Published sources, such as company accounts, are used for the data on equity capital and reinvested earnings.

Israel: Direct reporting of transactions data covering all sectors.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Argentina: Company balance sheets.

France: Enterprise surveys are used for the data on other capital only.

France: Published sources, such as company accounts, are used for the data on equity capital and reinvested earnings.

Israel: Direct reporting of transactions data covering all sectors.

Table 11.Geographic Breakdowns: Availability of Data for Direct Investment Income, Financial Flows, and Position Data
Countries Compiling Geographic Breakdowns of Direct Investment Data
Inward transactions dataOutward transactions data
CountryIncome dataFinancial flows dataInward position dataIncome dataFinancial flows dataOutward position data
Argentina
XXX
Australia
Austria
BelgiumX
XX
X
BoliviaX
XXXX
BotswanaX
Canada
Chile
1
1
NA
2
2
NA
ColombiaX
XX
X
Costa RicaX
NAXXNA
CroatiaX
3
X
3
Czech Republic
Denmark
EcuadorX
XNANANA
EstoniaX
X
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
GuatemalaXXNAXXNA
Hong Kong SAR
HungaryX
X
X
Iceland
IndonesiaXXNANANANA
Ireland
X
X
Israel
4
4
4
4
4
4
Italy
Japan
Kazakhstan
X
KoreaXXNAXXNA
KuwaitNAXNANAXNA
Latvia
LuxembourgNA5NA5
NA5NA5
MalaysiaXXXXXX
Mexico
NANANA
Netherlands
New Zealand
6
6
Nigeria
NANANANA
Norway
PeruXXXXXX
PhilippinesX
NAX
Poland
Portugal
Russia
SingaporeX
X
Slovak Republic
SloveniaX
7
X
7
South AfricaXX
XX
Spain
X
X
Sweden
Switzerland
ThailandX
XX
X
Tunisia
X
X
TurkeyX
NAXXNA
United Kingdom
United States
OECDY = 25Y = 28Y = 25Y = 24Y = 26Y = 23
countries (30)N = 4N = 1N = 3N = 4N = 2N = 4
NA = 1NA = 1NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 3
OtherY = 9Y = 20Y = 12Y = 6Y = 15Y = 11
identifiedN = 16N = 6N = 7N = 16N = 8N = 7
countries (26)NA = 1NA = 0NA = 7NA = 4NA = 3NA = 8
OtherY = 3Y = 5Y = 4Y = 2Y = 2Y = 3
unidentifiedN = 2N = 0N = 0N = 3N = 3N = 0
countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 1NA = 0NA = 0NA = 2
Total (61)Y = 37Y = 53Y = 41Y = 32Y = 43Y = 37
N = 22N = 7N = 10N = 23N = 13N = 11
NA = 2NA = 1NA = 10NA = 6NA = 5NA = 13
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Chile: Data disseminated by the Foreign Investment Committee and compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by the Banco Central de Chile.

Chile: Data disseminated by the Banco Central de Chile but compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by that organization.

Croatia: Position data are compiled but not disseminated.

Israel: Coverage differs from the aggregate FDI data.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

New Zealand: Data are compiled and are available on request.

Slovenia: Data compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Chile: Data disseminated by the Foreign Investment Committee and compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by the Banco Central de Chile.

Chile: Data disseminated by the Banco Central de Chile but compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by that organization.

Croatia: Position data are compiled but not disseminated.

Israel: Coverage differs from the aggregate FDI data.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

New Zealand: Data are compiled and are available on request.

Slovenia: Data compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data.

Table 12.Geographic Breakdowns: Basis for Allocating Country Data
Allocation Basis/Principle Used to Compile Geographic Breakdowns of Direct Investment Data
Transactions dataPosition data
Debtor/creditor principleTransactor principleImmediate country basisUltimate country basis
CountryInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutward
Argentina
NAXNA
NAXNA
AustraliaXX
XX
Austria
XX
XX
BelgiumXX
NANANANA
Bolivia
NAXNANANANANA
BotswanaXX
XX
Canada
XX
XX
Chile
XXNANANANA
Colombia
XXNANANANA
Costa Rica
NAXNANANANANA
Croatia
XX
1
1
1
1
Czech Republic
XX
XX
Denmark
XX
Ecuador
NAXNANANANANA
Estonia
XX
2
2
Finland
XX
XX
France
XX
XX
Germany
XX
XX
GreeceXX
XX
GuatemalaNANANANANANANANA
Hong Kong SAR
XX
XX
Hungary
XX
NAXNA
Iceland
XX
XX
IndonesiaNANANANANANANANA
Ireland
XXNANANANA
Israel
XX
XX
ItalyX
X
XX
Japan
XX
XX
Kazakhstan
XX
XX
KoreaNANANANANANANANA
KuwaitNANANANANANANANA
Latvia
XX
XX
LuxembourgNA3NA3NA3NA3
4
4
MalaysiaNANANANANANANANA
Mexico
NAXNA
NAXNA
Netherlands
XX
XX
New Zealand
XX
XX
NigeriaXNA
NANANANANA
Norway
XX
XX
PeruNANANANANANANANA
PhilippinesXX
NANANANA
Poland
XX
XX
Portugal
XX
5
5X
Russia
XX
XX
Singapore
XX
XX
Slovak Republic
XX
XX
Slovenia
XX
XX
South AfricaNANANANA
XX
Spain
XXNANANANA
Sweden
XX
XX
Switzerland
XX
XX
Thailand
XXNANANANA
Tunisia
XXNANANANA
Turkey
NAXNANANANANA
United Kingdom
XX
XX
United States
XX
OECDY = 24Y = 23Y = 4Y = 3Y = 25Y = 23Y = 4Y = 2
countries (30)N = 4N = 3N = 24N = 23N = 0N = 0N = 21N = 21
NA = 2NA = 4NA = 2NA = 4NA = 5NA = 7NA = 5NA = 7
OtherY = 17Y = 13Y = 3Y = 2Y = 12Y = 11Y = 1Y = 1
identifiedN = 3N = 2N = 17N = 13N = 0N = 0N = 11N = 10
countries (26)NA = 6NA = 11NA = 6NA = 11NA = 14NA = 15NA = 14NA =15
OtherY = 2Y = 2Y = 3Y = 0Y = 4Y = 3Y = 0Y = 0
unidentifiedN = 3N = 0N = 2N = 2N = 0N = 0N = 4N = 3
countries (5)NA = 0NA = 3NA = 0NA = 3NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2
Total (61)Y = 43Y = 38Y = 10Y = 5Y = 41Y = 37Y = 5Y = 3
N = 10N = 5N = 43N = 38N = 0N = 0N = 36N = 34
NA = 8NA = 18NA = 8NA = 18NA = 20NA = 24NA = 20NA = 24
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Croatia: Position data are compiled but not disseminated.

Estonia: Inward and outward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled but not disseminated.

uxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Luxembourg: Inward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled by the national statistical agency, Service Central de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (STATEC), and disseminated by the OECD and Eurostat but not in the national publications. Outward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled but not disseminated.

Portugal: Inward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled but not disseminated.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Croatia: Position data are compiled but not disseminated.

Estonia: Inward and outward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled but not disseminated.

uxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Luxembourg: Inward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled by the national statistical agency, Service Central de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (STATEC), and disseminated by the OECD and Eurostat but not in the national publications. Outward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled but not disseminated.

Portugal: Inward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled but not disseminated.

Table 13.Industrial Sector Breakdowns: Availability of Data for Direct Investment Income, Financial Flows, and Position Data
Countries Compiling Industrial Sector Breakdowns of Direct Investment Data
Inward dataOutward data
CountryIncome dataFinancial flows dataPosition dataIncome dataFinancial flows dataPosition data
Argentina
X
XX
Australia
XXX
Austria
BelgiumX
XX
BoliviaX
XXXX
Botswana
Canada
Chile
1
1
NA
2
2
Colombia
Costa RicaX
NAXXNA
CroatiaX
X
Czech Republic
DenmarkX
X
Ecuador
XNANANA
EstoniaX
X
Finland
FranceX
X
Germany
Greece
GuatemalaXXNAXXNA
Hong Kong SAR
HungaryX
X
Iceland
IndonesiaXXNANANANA
IrelandXXXXXX
Israel
3
3
3
3
3
3
Italy
JapanXXXXXX
Kazakhstan
X
KoreaXXNAXXNA
KuwaitNAXNANAXNA
Latvia
LuxembourgNA4NA4
NA4NA4
MalaysiaXXXXXX
Mexico
NANANA
Netherlands
New ZealandXXXXXX
Nigeria
NANANANA
Norway
PeruX
XXXX
PhilippinesXXNAXXNA
Poland
Portugal
RussiaX
5
5
5
5
5
SingaporeX
X
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
6
6
6
6
South AfricaXX
XXX
SpainX
XX
Sweden
7
7
Switzerland
ThailandX
X
TunisiaX
XXXX
TurkeyX
NAXXNA
United Kingdom
United States
OECDY = 19Y = 25Y = 23Y = 17Y = 22Y = 20
countries (30)N = 10N = 4N = 5N = 11N = 6N = 7
NA = 1NA = 1NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 3
OtherY = 11Y = 19Y = 13Y = 9Y = 13Y = 10
identifiedN = 14N = 7N = 6N = 13N = 10N = 8
countries (26)NA = 1NA = 0NA = 7NA = 4NA = 3NA = 8
OtherY = 3Y = 5Y = 4Y = 1Y = 1Y = 2
unidentifiedN = 2N = 0N = 0N = 4N = 4N = 1
countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 1NA = 0NA = 0NA = 2
Total (61)Y = 33Y = 49Y = 40Y = 27Y = 36Y = 32
N = 26N = 11N = 11N = 28N = 20N = 16
NA = 2NA = 1NA = 10NA = 6NA = 5NA = 13
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Chile: Data disseminated by the Foreign Investment Committee and compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by the Banco Central de Chile.

Chile: Disseminated by the Banco de Chile but compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by that organization.

Israel: Coverage differs from the aggregate FDI data.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Russia: Disseminated by Goskomstat and compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by the Central Bank of Russia.

Slovenia: Data compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data.

Sweden: Income data available on request only.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Chile: Data disseminated by the Foreign Investment Committee and compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by the Banco Central de Chile.

Chile: Disseminated by the Banco de Chile but compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by that organization.

Israel: Coverage differs from the aggregate FDI data.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Russia: Disseminated by Goskomstat and compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by the Central Bank of Russia.

Slovenia: Data compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data.

Sweden: Income data available on request only.

Table 14.Industrial Sector Breakdowns: Basis for Allocating Industry Data
Allocation Basis Used to Compile Industrial Sector Breakdowns

of Direct Investment Data
Inward transactions

data
Outward transactions

data
Inward position

data
Outward position

data
CountryIndustry of

resident

direct

investment

enterprise
Industry of

nonresident

direct

investor
Industry

of

resident

direct

investor
Industry of

nonresident

direct

investment

enterprise
Industry of

resident

direct

investment

enterprise
Industry of

nonresident

direct

investor
Industry

of

resident

direct

investor
Industry of

nonresident

direct

investment

enterprise
Argentina
XNANA
XNANA
Australia
XNANA
XNANA
Austria
X
1
X
Belgium
X
XNANANANA
Bolivia
XNAXNANANANA
Botswana
X
X
X
X
Canada
X
X
X
X
Chile
X
XNANANANA
Colombia
XX
XNANA
Costa Rica
XNANANANANANA
Croatia
X
XNANANANA
Czech Republic
X
X
XX
Denmark
X
X
X
X
Ecuador
XNANANANANANA
Estonia
X
X
X
X
Finland
X
X
X
X
France
X
X
X
X
Germany
X
X
Greece
X
X
X
X
GuatemalaNANANANANANANANA
Hong Kong SAR
X
X
X
X
Hungary
X
X
XNANA
Iceland
XX
X
IndonesiaNANANANANANANANA
IrelandNANANANANANANANA
Israel
X
X
X
X
Italy
X
X
JapanNANANANANANANANA
Kazakhstan
X
X
X
X
KoreaNANANANANANANANA
KuwaitNANANANANANANANA
Latvia
X
X
X
X
LuxembourgNA2NA2NA2NA2
X
X
MalaysiaNANANANANANANANA
Mexico
XNANA
XNANA
Netherlands
New ZealandNANANANANANANANA
Nigeria
XNANANANANANA
Norway
X
X
X
X
Peru
XNANANANANANA
PhilippinesNANANANANANANANA
Poland
XX
Portugal
3
3
3
4
Russia
X
X
X
X
Singapore
X
X
X
X
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
X
X
X
X
South AfricaNANANANA
XNANA
Spain
X
XNANANANA
Sweden
X
X
X
X
Switzerland
X
X
X
X
Thailand
X
X
X
X
Tunisia
XNANANANANANA
Turkey
XNANANANANANA
United Kingdom
X
X
United States
X
5
X
5
OECDY = 25Y = 3Y = 20Y = 9Y = 23Y = 4Y = 16Y = 11
countries (30)N = 0N = 22N = 2N = 13N = 0N = 19N = 4N = 9
NA = 5NA = 5NA = 8NA = 8NA = 7NA = 7NA = 10NA = 10
OtherY = 20Y = 0Y = 12Y = 1Y = 13Y = 0Y = 10Y = 0
identifiedN = 0N = 20N = 1N = 12N = 0N = 13N = 0N = 10
countries (26)NA = 6NA = 6NA = 13NA = 13NA = 13NA = 13NA = 16NA = 16
OtherY = 5Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0Y = 4Y = 0Y = 1Y = 1
unidentifiedN = 0N = 5N = 0N = 1N = 0N = 4N = 1N = 1
countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 4NA = 4NA = 1NA = 1NA = 3NA = 3
Total (61)Y = 50Y = 3Y = 33Y = 10Y = 40Y = 4Y = 27Y = 12
N = 0N = 47N = 3N = 26N = 0N = 36N = 5N = 20
NA = 11NA = 11NA = 25NA = 25NA = 21NA = 21NA = 29NA = 29
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Austria: Data available on request only.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Portugal: Data are compiled but not disseminated.

Portugal: Data are compiled and reported to the OECD for publication but are not disseminated in the national publications.

United States: Data on FDI income only.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Austria: Data available on request only.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Portugal: Data are compiled but not disseminated.

Portugal: Data are compiled and reported to the OECD for publication but are not disseminated in the national publications.

United States: Data on FDI income only.

Table 15.Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investment Enterprises Resident in the Reporting Economy (Inward FDI): Transactions Data
Countries That Apply the 10% Ownership

Threshold But Use an Additional

Qualification to the Threshold
CountryCountries

That Apply

the 10%

Ownership

Threshold

as Their

Basic

Criterion
Countries That

Apply a

Percentage of

Ownership

Different from

the 10%

Threshold as

Their Basic

Criterion
Countries that

include

enterprises in which

the investor owns

less than 10% but has

an effective voice in

management
Countries that

exclude

enterprises in which

the investor

owns more than 10% but has

no effective voice in

management
Countries That

Apply a Value

Threshold to

Identify FDI

Enterprises
Countries That

Apply Different

Treatments for

Incorporated

and

Unincorporated

FDI Enterprises
Argentina
X
XXX
Australia
XXXXX
Austria
XXXXX
Belgium
X
X
X
Bolivia
XXXXX
Botswana
X
XXX
Canada
XXXXX
ChileX
1
XXXX
Colombia
XXXX
Costa Rica
XXXXX
Croatia
XX
Czech Republic
XXXXX
Denmark
XXXXX
Ecuador
XXXXX
Estonia
XXXXX
Finland
XXXXX
France
XXXXX
Germany
XXXXX
Greece
XXXXX
Guatemala
XXXXX
Hong Kong SARXXXXXX
Hungary
XXXXX
Iceland
XXXXX
Indonesia
2
2
XXXX
Ireland
XXXXX
Israel
3
3
XX
3
Italy
4
4
XXX
4
Japan
XXXXX
Kazakhstan
XXX
X
Korea
X
X
Kuwait
XXXXX
Latvia
XXXXX
Luxembourg5NANANANANANA
Malaysia
XXXXX
Mexico
X
XXX
Netherlands
X
X
New Zealand
XXX
X
Nigeria
X
XXX
Norway
X
XXX
Peru
XXXXX
Philippines
6
6
XXXX
Poland
XXXXX
Portugal
X
XXX
Russia
XXXXX
Singapore
XXXXX
Slovak Republic
XXXXX
Slovenia
XXXXX
South Africa
XXXXX
Spain
XXXXX
Sweden
XXXXX
Switzerland
XXXXX
Thailand
XXXXX
Tunisia
XXXXX
TurkeyX
7
XXX
United Kingdom
XXXXX
United States
XXXXX
OECDY = 28Y = 2Y = 6Y = 2Y = 4Y = 2
countries (30)N = 1N = 27N = 23N = 27N = 25N = 27
NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1
OtherY = 25Y = 4Y = 4Y = 1Y = 2Y = 3
identifiedN = 1N = 22N = 22N = 25N = 24N = 23
countries (26)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
OtherY = 2Y = 3Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
unidentifiedN = 3N = 2N = 5N = 5N = 5N = 5
countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
Total (61)Y = 55Y = 9Y = 10Y = 3Y = 6Y = 5
N = 5N = 51N = 50N = 57N = 54N = 55
NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Chile: All foreign investment in Chile, except U.S. foreign equity certificates of deposit (American Depository Receipts [ADRs]), debt securities, and investment funds, are treated as inward FDI.

Indonesia: 10 percent criterion applied for data on equity only. FDI data on income on debt and other capital are based on the criterion of foreign enterprises used by the Investment Board (see metadata on IMF website for details).

Israel: 10 percent criterion applied for traded enterprises only. All nontraded enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

Italy: 10 percent criterion applied for incorporated enterprises only. All unincorporated enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Philippines: 10 percent criterion applied in principle. See metadata on IMF website for details. All foreign investment, except equity securities transacted through the stock exchange, is treated as FDI regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

Turkey: No percentage of ownership criterion is used. All enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Chile: All foreign investment in Chile, except U.S. foreign equity certificates of deposit (American Depository Receipts [ADRs]), debt securities, and investment funds, are treated as inward FDI.

Indonesia: 10 percent criterion applied for data on equity only. FDI data on income on debt and other capital are based on the criterion of foreign enterprises used by the Investment Board (see metadata on IMF website for details).

Israel: 10 percent criterion applied for traded enterprises only. All nontraded enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

Italy: 10 percent criterion applied for incorporated enterprises only. All unincorporated enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Philippines: 10 percent criterion applied in principle. See metadata on IMF website for details. All foreign investment, except equity securities transacted through the stock exchange, is treated as FDI regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

Turkey: No percentage of ownership criterion is used. All enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

Table 16.Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investment Enterprises Resident in the Reporting Economy (Inward FDI): Position Data
Countries That Apply the 10% Ownership

Threshold But Use an Additional

Qualification to the Threshold
CountryCountries

That Apply

the 10%

Ownership

Threshold

as Their

Basic

Criterion
Countries That

Apply a

Percentage of

Ownership

Different from

the 10%

Threshold as

Their Basic

Criterion
Countries that

include

enterprises in which

the investor owns

less than 10% but has

an effective voice in

management
Countries that

exclude

enterprises in which

the investor

owns more than 10% but has

no effective voice in

management
Countries That

Apply a Value

Threshold to

Identify FDI

Enterprises
Countries That

Apply Different

Treatments for

Incorporated

and

Unincorporated

FDI Enterprises
Argentina
X
XXX
Australia
XXXXX
Austria
XXX
X
Belgium
X
X
X
Bolivia
XXXXX
Botswana
X
XXX
Canada
XXXXX
ChileNANANANANANA
Colombia
XXXX
Costa RicaNANANANANANA
Croatia1
XX
Czech Republic
XXXXX
Denmark
XXXXX
Ecuador1
XXXXX
Estonia
XXXXX
Finland
XXXXX
France
XXXXX
Germany
XXX
X
Greece
XXXXX
GuatemalaNANANANANANA
Hong Kong SAR
XXXXX
Hungary
XXXXX
Iceland
XXXXX
IndonesiaNANANANANANA
Ireland1
XXXXX
Israel
2
2
XX
Italy
3
3
XXX
Japan
XXXXX
Kazakhstan
XXX
X
KoreaNANANANANANA
KuwaitNANANANANANA
Latvia
XXXXX
Luxembourg
XXXXX
Malaysia1
XXXXX
Mexico
X
XXX
Netherlands
X
New Zealand
XXX
X
NigeriaNANANANANANA
Norway
X
XXX
Peru
XXXXX
PhilippinesNANANANANANA
Poland
XXXXX
Portugal
X
XXX
Russia
XXXXX
Singapore
XXXXX
Slovak Republic
XXXXX
Slovenia
XXXXX
South Africa
XXXXX
Spain
XXXXX
Sweden
XXXXX
Switzerland
XXX
X
Thailand
XXXXX
Tunisia
XXXXX
TurkeyNANANANANANA
United Kingdom
XXXXX
United States
XXXXX
OECDY = 28Y = 1Y = 5Y = 1Y = 6Y = 2
countries (30)N = 0N = 27N = 23N = 27N = 22N = 26
NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2
OtherY = 19Y = 1Y = 3Y = 1Y = 2Y = 3
identifiedN = 0N = 18N = 16N = 18N = 17N = 16
countries (26)NA = 7NA = 7NA = 7NA = 7NA = 7NA = 7
OtherY = 2Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
unidentifiedN = 2N = 2N = 4N = 4N = 4N = 4
countries (5)NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1
Total (61)Y = 49Y = 4Y = 8Y = 2Y = 8Y = 5
N = 2N = 47N = 43N = 49N = 43N = 46
NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Croatia, Ecuador, Ireland, and Malaysia: Data are compiled but not disseminated.

Israel: 10 percent criterion applied for traded enterprises only. All nontraded enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresident investors.

Italy: 10 percent criterion applied for incorporated enterprises only. All unincorporated enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresident investors.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Croatia, Ecuador, Ireland, and Malaysia: Data are compiled but not disseminated.

Israel: 10 percent criterion applied for traded enterprises only. All nontraded enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresident investors.

Italy: 10 percent criterion applied for incorporated enterprises only. All unincorporated enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresident investors.

Table 17.Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investors Resident in the Reporting Economy (Outward FDI): Transactions Data
Countries That Apply the 10% Ownership

Threshold But Use an Additional

Qualification to the Threshold
CountryCountries

That Apply

the 10%

Ownership

Threshold

as Their

Basic

Criterion
Countries That

Apply a

Percentage of

Ownership

Different from

the 10%

Threshold as

Their Basic

Criterion
Countries that

include

enterprises in which

the investor owns

less than 10% but has

an effective voice in

management
Countries that

exclude

enterprises in which

the investor

owns more than 10% but has

no effective voice in

management
Countries That

Apply a Value

Threshold to

Identify FDI

Enterprises Abroad
Countries That

Apply Different

Treatments for

Incorporated

and

Unincorporated

FDI Enterprises Abroad
Argentina
XX1XXX
Australia
XXXXX
Austria
XXXXX
Belgium
X
X
Bolivia
XXXXX
Botswana
X
XXX
Canada
X
XX
ChileX
2
XXXX
Colombia
XXXX
Costa Rica
XXXXX
Croatia
XXX
Czech Republic
XXXXX
Denmark
XXXXX
EcuadorNANANANANANA
Estonia
XXXXX
Finland
XXXXX
France
XXXXX
Germany
XXXXX
Greece
XXXXX
Guatemala
XXXXX
Hong Kong SAR
XXXXX
Hungary
XXXXX
Iceland
X
XXX
IndonesiaNANANANANANA
Ireland
XXXXX
Israel
3
3
XX
Italy
4
4
XXX
Japan
XXXXX
Kazakhstan
XXXXX
Korea
X
XX
Kuwait
XXXXX
Latvia
XXXXX
Luxembourg5NANANANANANA
Malaysia
XXXXX
MexicoNANANANANANA
Netherlands
X
X
New Zealand
XXX
X
NigeriaNANANANANANA
Norway
X
XXX
Peru
XXXXX
Philippines
6
6
XXXX
Poland
XXX
7
X
Portugal
X
XXX
Russia
XXXXX
Singapore
XXXXX
Slovak Republic
XXXXX
Slovenia
XXXXX
South Africa
XXXXX
Spain
XXXXX
Sweden
XXXXX
Switzerland
X
X
X
ThailandX
8
XXXX
Tunisia
XXXX
TurkeyX9XXXX
United Kingdom
XXXXX
United States
XXXXX
OECDY = 27Y = 2Y = 8Y = 3Y = 5Y = 2
countries (30)N = 1N = 26N = 20N = 25N = 23N = 26
NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2
OtherY = 21Y = 4Y = 2Y = 0Y = 1Y = 3
identifiedN = 2N = 19N = 21N = 23N = 22N = 20
countries (26)NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3
OtherY = 2Y = 3Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
unidentifiedN = 3N = 2N = 5N = 5N = 5N = 5
countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
Total (61)Y = 50Y = 9Y = 10Y = 3Y = 6Y = 5
N = 6N = 47N = 46N = 53N = 50N = 51
NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5
Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Argentina: See metadata on the IMF website for details of theoretical exceptions.

Chile: All resident investors abroad, except mutual funds, pension funds, and insurance companies, are defined as direct investors abroad, regardless of percentage of ownership.

Israel: 10 percent criterion applied for resident investors in traded enterprises abroad only. All resident investors in nontraded enterprises abroad are defined as direct investors abroad, regardless of their percentage of ownership.

Italy: 10 percent criterion applied for resident investors in incorporated enterprises abroad only. All resident investors in unincorporated enterprises abroad are defined as direct investors abroad, regardless of their percentage of ownership.

Luxembourg: The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Philippines: 10 percent criterion applied in principle. See metadata on IMF website for details. All equity investments abroad by Philippine residents, except equity securities transacted through foreign stock exchanges, are defined as FDI abroad.

Poland: Although a value threshold is applied, the FDI data include estimates for enterprises below that threshold.

Thailand: The basic criterion used is 25 percent ownership rather than 10 percent ownership.

Turkey: No percentage of ownership criterion is used. All investments abroad by Turkish residents are defined as being FDI abroad.

Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

Argentina: See metadata on the IMF website for details of theoretical exceptions.

Chile: All resident investors abroad, except mutual funds, pension funds, and insurance companies, are defined as direct investors abroad, regardless of percentage of ownership.

Israel: 10 percent criterion applied for resident investors in traded enterprises abroad only. All resident investors in nontraded enterprises abroad are defined as direct investors abroad, regardless of their percentage of ownership.

Italy: 10 percent criterion applied for resident investors in incorporated enterprises abroad only. All resident investors in unincorporated enterprises abroad are defined as direct investors abroad, regardless of their percentage of ownership.

Luxembourg: The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

Philippines: 10 percent criterion applied in principle. See metadata on IMF website for details. All equity investments abroad by Philippine residents, except equity securities transacted through foreign stock exchanges, are defined as FDI abroad.

Poland: Although a value threshold is applied, the FDI data include estimates for enterprises below that threshold.

Thailand: The basic criterion used is 25 percent ownership rather than 10 percent ownership.

Turkey: No percentage of ownership criterion is used. All investments abroad by Turkish residents are defined as being FDI abroad.

Table 18.Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investors Resident in the Reporting Economy
Countries That Apply the 10% Ownership

Threshold But Use an Additional

Qualification to the Threshold
CountryCountries

That Apply

the 10%

Ownership

Threshold

as Their

Basic

Criterion
Countries That

Apply a

Percentage of

Ownership

Different from

the 10%

Threshold as

Their Basic

Criterion
Countries that

include

enterprises in which

the investor owns

less than 10% but has

an effective voice in

management
Countries that

exclude

enterprises in which

the investor

owns more than 10% but has

no effective voice in

management
Countries That

Apply a Value

Threshold to

Identify FDI

Enterprises Abroad
Countries That

Apply Different

Treatments for

Incorporated

and

Unincorporated

FDI Enterprises Abroad
Argentina
XX1XXX
Australia
XXXXX
Austria
XXX
X
Belgium
X
X
Bolivia
XXXXX
Botswana
X
XXX
Canada
X
XX
ChileNANANANANANA
Colombia
XXXX
Costa RicaNANANANANANA
Croatia2
XXX
Czech Republic
XXXXX
Denmark
XXXXX
EcuadorNANANANANANA
Estonia
XXXXX
Finland
XXXXX
France
XXXXX
Germany
XXX
X
Greece
XXXXX
GuatemalaNANANANANANA
Hong Kong SAR
XXXXX
Hungary
XXXXX
Iceland
X
XXX
IndonesiaNANANANANANA
Ireland2
XXXXX
Israel
3
3
XX
Italy
4
4
XXX
Japan
XXXXX
Kazakhstan
XXXXX
KoreaNANANANANANA
KuwaitNANANANANANA
Latvia
XXXXX
Luxembourg
XXXXX
Malaysia2
XXXXX
MexicoNANANANANANA
Netherlands
X
New Zealand
XXX
X
NigeriaNANANANANANA
Norway
X
XXX
Peru
XXXXX
PhilippinesNANANANANANA
Poland
XXX
5
X
Portugal
X
XXX
Russia
XXXXX
Singapore
XXXXX
Slovak Republic
XXXXX
Slovenia
XXXXX
South Africa
XXXXX
Spain
XXXXX
Sweden
XXXXX
Switzerland
X
X
X
ThailandX
6
XXXX
Tunisia
XXXXX
TurkeyNANANANANANA
United Kingdom
XXXXX
United States
XXXXX
OECDY = 27Y = 1Y = 7Y = 2Y = 7Y = 3
countries (30)N = 0N = 26N = 20N = 25N = 20N = 24
NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3
OtherY = 17Y = 2Y = 2Y = 0Y = 1Y = 3
identifiedN = 1N = 16N = 16N = 18N = 17N = 15
countries (26)NA = 8NA = 8NA = 8NA = 8NA = 8NA = 8
OtherY = 2