Information about Middle East Oriente Medio
Front Matter

Front Matter

Abbas Mirakhor, and Zubair Iqbal
Published Date:
March 1987
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Information about Middle East Oriente Medio
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© 1987 International Monetary Fund

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Iqbal, Zubair. Islamic banking.

(Occasional paper, ISSN 0251-6365; no. 49) “March 1987.”

Bibliography: p. 1. Banks and banking—Iran. 2. Banks and banking—Pakistan. 3. Banks and banking—Islamic countries. 4. Banking law (Islamic law) I. Mirakhor, Abbas. II. Title. III. Series: Occasional paper (International Monetary Fund); no. 49.

HG3270.2.A6I67 1987 332.1’0917’671 87-4166

ISBN 9780939934829

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(US$4.50 university libraries, faculty members, and students)

Address orders to: External Relations Department, Publications Unit International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C. 20431


The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:

  • ... to indicate that data are not available;
  • — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
  • – between years or months (e.g., 1984–85 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
  • / between years (e.g., 1985/86) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.

“Billion” means a thousand million.

Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

Prefatory Note

This study was prepared by Zubair Iqbal of the Middle Eastern Department and Abbas Mirakhor of the Research Department. To collect information and views for the study, the authors held discussions with the authorities and representatives of commercial banks in the Islamic Republic of Iran and in Pakistan. They also benefited from comments by a number of staff members, including Paul Chabrier and Shakour Shaalan of the Middle Eastern Department and Mohsin Khan, Anthony Lanyi, and Rudolf Rhomberg of the Research Department. Comments made by Executive Directors also contributed to the study. Juanita Roushdy of the External Relations Department edited the paper. The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Fund.

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