Information about Sub-Saharan Africa África subsahariana
Front Matter

Front Matter

Author(s):
Arvind Subramanian
Published Date:
September 2000
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Information about Sub-Saharan Africa África subsahariana
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Contents

The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:

  • … to indicate that data are not available;
  • — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
  • – between years or months (e.g., 1998–99 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
  • / between years (e.g., 1998/99) to indicate a fiscal (financial) year.

“Billion” means a thousand million.

Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.

List of Abbreviations

BLNS

Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

CBI

Cross-Border Initiative

COMESA

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

DRC

Democratic Republic of Congo

EAC

Commission for East African Cooperation

EPZ

export processing zone

ESA

Eastern and Southern Africa

EU

European Union

EU-SA FTA

EU-South Africa free trade agreement

FTA

free trade agreement

IOC

Indian Ocean Commission

ITU

International Telecommunications Union

MERCOSUR

Common Market of the South

MFN

most-favored nation

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

NGO

Nongovernment organization

NTB

nontariff barrier

ODC

Other duties and charges

RTA

regional trade arrangement

SACU

Southern African Customs Union

SADC

Southern African Development Community

SSA

sub-Saharan Africa

SITC

Standard International Trade Classification

TFP

total factor productivity

WAEMU

West African Economic and Monetary Union

WTO

World Trade Organization

Preface

This occasional paper analyzes trade and trade policy developments in the countries of eastern and southern Africa during the 1990s, covering regional and multilateral integration issues, and the interaction between trade policies and macroeconomic conditions. It also discusses the main challenges these countries face as they enter a new decade.

The authors are indebted to Anupam Basu for his guidance and support to carry out this work. Jon Shields, Joseph Kakoza, Mwanza Nkusu, Gunnar Jonsson, Berte Esteve-Volart, Anne McGuirk, and John King provided valuable input to the paper. The paper has also benefited from comments by the Fiscal Affairs, Policy Development and Review, and Research Departments of the IMF. The research assistance of Jaouad Sebti, the editorial assistance of Thomas Walter and Jeremy Clift, and the secretarial support of Mariza Arantes are gratefully acknowledged.

The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of other members of the IMF staff or its Executive Directors.

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