Appendix II GATT Classifications

Wanda Tseng, Lorenzo Pérez, Zubair Iqbal, and Shailendra Anjaria
Published Date:
July 1981
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Classification of Countries and Regions

Following the definitions used in the GATT publication, International Trade, 1979/80, the trading world is divided into:

  • (a) Industrial countriesUnited States, Canada, Japan, European Community member countries, EFTA member countries, Gibraltar, Greece, Malta, Spain, Turkey, and Yugoslavia;
  • (b) Oil exporting developing countriesAlgeria, Ecuador, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela;
  • (c) Non-oil exporting developing countriesAll developing countries except oil exporting developing countries;
  • (d) Eastern trading countriesAlbania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, U.S.S.R., China, Mongolia, North Korea, and Viet Nam;
  • (e) Nonindustrial countriesAustralia., New Zealand, and South Africa.

For certain commodities, such as shipbuilding and steel, industrial countries are defined to include all members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Classification of Commodities

In Tables 6, 32, and 33, broad commodity groups of semimanufactures and engineering goods include the following categories:

  • (a) SemimanufacturesIron and steel, chemicals, and other semimanufactures;
  • (b) Engineering goodsMachinery for specialized industries, office and telecommunications equipment, road motor vehicles, other machinery and transport equipment, and household appliances;
  • (c) Total tradeIncludes the categories “not included elsewhere” and “not classified according to kind.”

Intra-Community Trade

Unless otherwise specified, trade data include intra-Community trade.

Import Penetration

Import penetration is defined as the ratio of imports to apparent consumption (i.e., production plus imports minus exports). Import penetration by developing countries in industrial countries’ markets of manufactures is defined in nominal terms; otherwise it is calculated in volume terms.

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